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Features of recent transitions

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

Despite some common features, each war-to-peace transition is distinct, owing to the specific interplay of a number of factors. These include the circumstances in which conflict or chaos began — for ... More


War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

E. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, and Raimo Väyrynen (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Since the end of the Cold War, the number of civil wars in developing countries has escalated to the point where they are the most significant source of human suffering in the world today. Although ... More


The Treatment of Children During Conflict

Eric Greitens

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Armed conflicts in recent decades have been more deadly for civilians in general and children in particular than in many earlier wars. The impact of conflict on children eludes simple explanation, ... More


Rwanda: The Social Roots of Genocide  

Peter Uvin

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Over one million Tutsi children, women, men, and opposition politicians, were slaughtered on April 7, 1994, when a premeditated genocide started in Rwanda. That massive killing was the peak of a ... More


Recent African experience with input subsidies

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Resurgent interest in agricultural input subsidies has led a number of countries in Africa to implement agricultural input subsidy programmes focusing particularly on fertilizers. This chapter ... More


Risk, Security, and Coping Mechanisms in Contexts of Violent Conflict: Evidence from Rwanda and Burundi

Philip Verwimp and Olivia D’Aoust

in A Micro-Level Perspective on the Dynamics of Conflict, Violence, and Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199664597
eISBN:
9780191749254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664597.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Households in developing countries are exposed to a number of risks, including negative shocks to their health, nutrition, or income. These shocks can be related to poor living conditions or ... More


How Trucking Services Have Improved and May Contribute to Economic Development: The Case of East Africa

Charles Kunaka, Gaël Raballand, and Mike Fitzmaurice

in Industries without Smokestacks: Industrialization in Africa Reconsidered

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198821885
eISBN:
9780191861017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821885.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In East Africa, there have been numerous concerns over logistics efficiency. Among them, a slow pace of regional integration of the trucking industry is perceived as a major problem. This chapter ... More


Rwanda: From Devastation to Services-First Transformation

Kasim Munyegera Ggombe and Richard S. Newfarmer

in Industries without Smokestacks: Industrialization in Africa Reconsidered

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198821885
eISBN:
9780191861017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821885.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Since civil war and genocide left the country in ruins, Rwanda has undergone a remarkable transformation. Growth rates since 1995 have averaged 8 per cent annually, poverty rates have fallen, ... More


Industries without Smokestacks in Uganda and Rwanda

John Spray and Sebastian Wolf

in Industries without Smokestacks: Industrialization in Africa Reconsidered

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198821885
eISBN:
9780191861017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821885.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this chapter, tax administration data is used to map the characteristics of ‘industries without smokestacks’ in Uganda and Rwanda, and assess their potential to drive economic transformation and ... More


The Disorder of ‘Miracle Growth’ in Rwanda: Understanding the Limitations of Transitions to Open Ordered Development

Pritish Behuria and Tom Goodfellow

in Deals and Development: The Political Dynamics of Growth Episodes

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198801641
eISBN:
9780191840289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801641.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses how Rwanda has achieved near miracle growth rates of above 6 per cent (excluding 2003 and 2013) since 1994. This is due to the country being led by a strong dominant party which ... More


Formalizing the Informal in Rwanda: From Artisanal to Modern Brick and Tile Ovens

An Ansoms and Murison Jude

in Securing Livelihoods: Informal Economy Practices and Institutions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199687015
eISBN:
9780191766916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687015.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The policy of the Government of Rwanda to formalize the informal sector has affected local livelihoods. This paper acknowledges the accomplishments of the Government in improving the business ... More


Growth, Poverty Reduction, and Inequality in Rwanda

Andy McKay and Marijke Verpoorten

in Growth and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198744795
eISBN:
9780191805950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744795.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Rwanda has had an impressive record of consistent and sustained economic growth from the late 1990s to the present. This chapter draws on three different sources of data to consider how different ... More


The Downsides of Dominance: Education Quality Reforms and Rwanda’s Political Settlement

Timothy P. Williams

in The Politics of Education in Developing Countries: From Schooling to Learning

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198835684
eISBN:
9780191873201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835684.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

Since the end of the 1994 genocide, Rwanda’s government has charted an audacious development project aimed at social and economic transformation. Formal education has featured prominently in this ... More


Integrating Clean Energy Use in National Poverty Reduction Strategies: Opportunities and Challenges in Rwanda’s Girinka Programme

Chika Ezeanya and Abel Kennedy

in The Political Economy of Clean Energy Transitions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198802242
eISBN:
9780191840586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802242.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The disappearance of Rwanda’s forests and attendant change in climatic conditions prompted the government to explore clean energy alternatives such as biogas. Unlike at any other time in Rwanda’s ... More


Introducing a Semi-Structural Macroeconomic Model for Rwanda

Luisa Charry, Pranav Gupta, and Vimal Thakoor

in Monetary Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198785811
eISBN:
9780191827624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785811.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Behavioural Economics

We develop a simple semi-structural model for the Rwandan economy to better understand the monetary policy transmission mechanism. A key feature of the model is the introduction of a modified ... More


The Monetary Transmission Mechanism: Lessons from a Dramatic Event

Andrew Berg, Jan Vlcek, Luisa Charry, and Rafael A. Portillo

in Monetary Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198785811
eISBN:
9780191827624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785811.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Behavioural Economics

Many central banks in low-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa are modernizing their monetary policy frameworks. Standard statistical procedures have had limited success in identifying the channels ... More


The Economics of Genocide in Rwanda

Willa Friedman

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

In this chapter, I address a few of the main debates about the causes and consequences of the genocide in Rwanda. Four hypotheses regarding causes—Rwanda as modern-day Malthusian crisis, poverty and ... More


Peace and the Killing: Compatible Logics in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Zoë Marriage

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The trade of mineral resources contributed to the mechanisms of mass atrocities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo during the war that started in 1998. The peace agreed to in 2002 reversed the ... More


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