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Conclusion: Toward a New Order

Ryan M. Irwin

in Gordian Knot: Apartheid and the Unmaking of the Liberal World Order

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199855612
eISBN:
9780199979882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855612.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History, World Modern History

This conclusion begins with a vignette of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison in 1990. It then explores some aspects of the anti-apartheid movement that crested during the late 1980s, lingering on ... More


The Other Rights Revolution: Conservative Lawyers and the Remaking of American Government

Jefferson Decker

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190467302
eISBN:
9780190600587
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467302.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

In the mid-1970s, a group of politically conservative lawyers formed a network of nonprofit, public-interest law firms and began to challenge liberal government in the courts. These attorneys tried ... More


Transcending the Cold War: Summits, Statecraft, and the Dissolution of Bipolarity in Europe, 1970–1990

Kristina Spohr and David Reynolds (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198727507
eISBN:
9780191793646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727507.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

In 1989–90 the map of Europe was transformed peacefully—without a war, unlike other great ruptures of the international order such as 1815, 1870, 1918, and 1945. What role did international summitry ... More


Epilogue

Joshua David Hawley

in Theodore Roosevelt: Preacher of Righteousness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300120103
eISBN:
9780300145144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300120103.003.0013
Subject:
History, Political History

In so many ways, Theodore Roosevelt was an American icon with an American mind. He captured the imagination of his countrymen with his stirring sermons for righteous living, and his calls for a ... More


The Downfall

Avi Shilon

in Menachem Begin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300162356
eISBN:
9780300189032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162356.003.0019
Subject:
History, Political History

The death of his wife Aliza Arnold in Israel while he was away on an official visit to Washington exacerbated Menachem Begin's mounting depression. Begin disagreed with U.S. President Ronald Reagan ... More


Losing the Center: The Decline of American Liberalism, 1968–1992

Jeffrey Bloodworth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813142296
eISBN:
9780813142326
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813142296.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This book traces the troubled history of American liberalism between the tumultuous 1968 Chicago Democratic Convention and Bill Clinton's election to the White House. In those years, liberals ... More


Liberalism: Gone with the Wind

Jeffrey Bloodworth

in Losing the Center: The Decline of American Liberalism, 1968–1992

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813142296
eISBN:
9780813142326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813142296.003.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

Though liberalism might be difficult to define, by the 1990s it was clear that the creed had declined. This chapter defines American liberalism by locating it deep in the nation's past and tracing ... More


“No Crowing”: Reagan, Trust, and Human Rights

Sarah B. Snyder

in Trust, but Verify: The Politics of Uncertainty and the Transformation of the Cold War Order, 1969-1991

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798099
eISBN:
9781503600133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798099.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter explores Ronald Reagan's strategy of “quiet diplomacy” toward the Soviet Union with regard to human rights as a trust-building initiative, arguing that the success of that approach was ... More


Trust or Verification? Accepting Vulnerability in the Making of the INF Treaty

Nicholas J. Wheeler, Joshua Baker, and Laura Considine

in Trust, but Verify: The Politics of Uncertainty and the Transformation of the Cold War Order, 1969-1991

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798099
eISBN:
9781503600133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798099.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter uses the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty as a case study to explore the relationship between trust and verification. It argues that the acceptance of verification measures ... More


Empowering Revolution: America, Poland, and the End of the Cold War

Gregory F. Domber

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469618517
eISBN:
9781469618531
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618517.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

As the most populated country in Eastern Europe as well as the birthplace of the largest communist dissident movement, Poland proved crucial in understanding Eastern Europe's transition from ... More


A Watershed in the Political History of Mankind: The Reaction to Martial Law, December 1981 to January 1982

Gregory F. Domber

in Empowering Revolution: America, Poland, and the End of the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469618517
eISBN:
9781469618531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618517.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter focuses on the Polish Crisis from August 1980 to December 1981 and the events that followed the declaration of martial law in December 1981, with emphasis on Polish-U.S. relations. It ... More


Think Tanks in the Age of Reagan

Jason Stahl

in Right Moves: The Conservative Think Tank in American Political Culture since 1945

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627861
eISBN:
9781469627885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627861.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter details the entrenchment of the marketplace of ideas discourse of public policy formation during the 1980s and how think tanks used such a discourse in order to move U.S. political ... More


Geneva, Reykjavik, Washington, and Moscow, 1985–8

Jonathan Hunt and David Reynolds

in Transcending the Cold War: Summits, Statecraft, and the Dissolution of Bipolarity in Europe, 1970–1990

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198727507
eISBN:
9780191793646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727507.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev ushered in a new era for Soviet-American relations at four summits in 1985–8. Reagan’s efforts to re-engage the USSR led to the Geneva summit, where the two ... More


Summits, Statecraft, and the Dissolution of Bipolarity in Europe, 1970–90

Kristina Spohr and David Reynolds

in Transcending the Cold War: Summits, Statecraft, and the Dissolution of Bipolarity in Europe, 1970–1990

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198727507
eISBN:
9780191793646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727507.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

The European Cold War grew out of ideological antagonism, nuclear rivalry, and competition over Germany. By 1970, however, these pressures had eased, offering scope for summitry. This chapter ... More


Governing from the Right

Jefferson Decker

in The Other Rights Revolution: Conservative Lawyers and the Remaking of American Government

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190467302
eISBN:
9780190600587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467302.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

Ronald Reagan’s election as US president in 1980 gave conservatives a chance to practice what they preached. This chapter follows three figures from earlier chapters—James G. Watt, Michael Horowitz, ... More


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