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How Can the Human Mind Occur in the Physical Universe?

John R. Anderson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195324259
eISBN:
9780199786671
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324259.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This book takes its title from the last lecture by Allen Newell, one of the pioneers of cognitive science. He said, “The question for me is how can the human mind occur in the physical universe? We ... More


Cognitive Architecture

John R. Anderson

in How Can the Human Mind Occur in the Physical Universe?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195324259
eISBN:
9780199786671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324259.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines the history of how the idea of cognitive architectures emerged as a way of specifying how the function of the human mind can be achieved in the physical structure of the brain. ... More


Skill acquisition: History, questions, and theories

Craig P. Speelman and Kim Kirsner

in Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents the history of research into skill acquisition, and reviews the key questions and theories that have framed this research. Issues include the existence of plateaus in learning ... More


How Smart Forgetting Helps Heuristic Inference

Lael J. Schooler, Ralph Hertwig, and Stefan M. Herzog

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Theorists ranging from William James (1890) to some contemporary psychologists have argued that forgetting is the key to proper functioning of memory. The authors elaborate on the notion of ... More


A Cognitive Model of Information Foraging on the Web

Peter Pirolli

in Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173321
eISBN:
9780199893232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173321.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents SNIF-ACT (Scent-based Navigation and Information Foraging in the ACT architecture), which is a cognitive model that implements the rational analysis of Web-foraging within the ... More


When Will We Meet Again? Regularities of Social Connectivity and Their Reflections in Memory and Decision Making

Thorsten Pachur, Lael J. Schooler, and Jeffrey R. Stevens

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Do we move through our social world in lawful ways? And how to describe the regularities that underlie the frequency with which we encounter the different members of our social networks? Based on ... More


Fluency Heuristic: A Model of How the Mind Exploits a By-Product of Information Retrieval

Ralph Hertwig, Stefan M. Herzog, Lael J. Schooler, and Torsten Reimer

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Boundedly rational heuristics for inference can be surprisingly accurate and frugal for several reasons. They can exploit environmental structures, co-opt complex capacities, and elude effortful ... More


How Forgetting Aids Heuristic Inference

Lael J. Schooler and Ralph Hertwig

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Some theorists, ranging from W. James (1890) to contemporary psychologists, have argued that forgetting is the key to proper functioning of memory. The chapter elaborates on the notion of beneficial ... More


Using Brain Imaging to Guide the Development of a Cognitive Architecture

John R. Anderson

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Functional magnetic resonance imaging has been used as a way to test and extend the ACT-R (adaptive control of thought-rational) theory. This chapter describes a new modeling effort that illustrates ... More


The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Nick Chater and Mike Oaksford (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The rational analysis method, first proposed by John R. Anderson, has been enormously influential in helping us understand high-level cognitive processes. This book is a follow-up to ‘Rational Models ... More


Undeserved Recognition

Mahzarin R. Banaji

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Mahzarin R. Banaji describes two of her works that she feels have been given undeserved attention. The first was a paper, written in collaboration with Robert Crowder, stating that the “practical ... More


Human Understanding of Complex Systems

James A. Anderson

in After Digital: Computation as Done by Brains and Machines

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199357789
eISBN:
9780190675264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357789.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

An important tool for understanding new and complex systems is analogy. Analogies to brain function are often the most complex systems of the time. In the 17th century, complex hydraulic systems were ... More


“Little” Stevie Wonder: Motown musical prodigy

Gabriel Solis

in Musical Prodigies: Interpretations from Psychology, Education, Musicology, and Ethnomusicology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199685851
eISBN:
9780191806049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685851.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Stevie Wonder began his career as a soul musician at Motown records at the age of 11. His work there playing R&B represented high levels of virtuoso ability on harmonica, percussion, and eventually ... More


Does Impression Management Have an Image Problem?

Mark R. Leary

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Mark R. Leary describes his most underappreciated work: a research on how human behavior and emotions are influenced by an individual's concerns with how he/she is perceived, evaluated, and accepted ... More


The Diversity of Social Support and Outgroup Homogeneity: Some Bad Luck and a Lot of Good Fortune

George R. Goethals

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0044
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

George R. Goethals reflects on his most underappreciated work: a paper entitled “Perceptions of the magnitude and diversity of social support.” Goethals collaborated with Shelley Allison and Marnie ... More


Hidden Gems about Justice Research: The Psychology of Punitiveness

Tom R. Tyler

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0052
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Tom R. Tyler reflects on his most underappreciated work: a paper on criminal justice and the psychology of punitiveness. Tyler collaborated with Robert Boeckmann to explore the psychology of ... More


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