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Convention and Idiosyncrasy

Mitchell S. Green

in Self-Expression

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199283781
eISBN:
9780191712548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283781.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on how we show what's within in ways not typical of our species. A person's idiosyncratic display of an emotion, for instance, might nevertheless make that emotion perceptible if ... More


Meaningful Expression

Mitchell S. Green

in Self-Expression

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199283781
eISBN:
9780191712548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283781.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter is the second of two that relate self-expression to speaker meaning. On an appropriate construal of overtness, overt self-expression is a form of speaker meaning. Further, in some cases ... More


Facial Expression

Mitchell S. Green

in Self-Expression

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199283781
eISBN:
9780191712548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283781.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter refines and defends the conception of emotions as literally perceptible in the face. It begins with an overview of Darwin's position on facial expression as espoused in his The ... More


The Sources of Sensory Similarity

Mohan Matthen

in Seeing, Doing, and Knowing: A Philosophical Theory of Sense Perception

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199268504
eISBN:
9780191602283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268509.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In the Cartesian paradigm, similarity of sensation is explained by the similarity of receptor state; it is shown that this is empirically mistaken. C. R. Gallistel has suggested that sensory ... More


Experience-reports

J. M. Hinton

in Experiences: An Inquiry into Some Ambiguities

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198244035
eISBN:
9780191680717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244035.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, requirements are laid down for what is called an R-statement; this, if there were such a thing, would be a hardcore example of a report of an ‘experience’ in the problematic ... More


Better Judgment: Nature and Function

Alfred R. Mele

in Autonomous Agents: From Self-Control to Autonomy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150438
eISBN:
9780199869091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150430.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Defends a position on the nature and function of agents’ judgments that it would be best to do something and on the connection between such judgments and intentions. Competing theories advanced by ... More


We Are All Mad: Theology in the Shadow of a Black Sun

Clayton Crockett

in Interstices of the Sublime: Theology and Psychoanalytic Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227211
eISBN:
9780823235308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227211.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses theology and schizophrenia as represented in the image of the black sun, which includes a reading of Freud's case study of Judge Schreber along with insights from R. D. Laing, ... More


Realism, Antirealism, Relationism

M. Chirimuuta

in Outside Color: Perceptual Science and the Puzzle of Color in Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029087
eISBN:
9780262327435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029087.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the solutions to the problem of color ontology which have been proposed within recent analytic philosophy. It presents three main genera of colour ontologies: realism (e.g. ... More


Davidson and the Autonomy of the Human Sciences

Giuseppina D’Oro

in Dialogues with Davidson: Acting, Interpreting, Understanding

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015561
eISBN:
9780262295796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015561.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the kind of nonreductivism defended by Davidson and compares it with that which predominated in mid-century. Davidson’s argument for the autonomy of the human sciences is ... More


Memory and the Intentional Stance

Felipe De Brigard

in The Philosophy of Daniel Dennett

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199367511
eISBN:
9780199367535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199367511.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Despite Dennett’s vast scholarship, he seemed to only have directly addressed the topic of memory in a relatively unknown coauthored article published in a somewhat obscure volume. The current ... More


The Challenge from Vagueness

Ian Rumfitt

in The Boundary Stones of Thought: An Essay in the Philosophy of Logic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198733638
eISBN:
9780191798016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733638.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Vague terms have for centuries presented a challenge to classical logic: in paradoxes like the Sorites, the application of classical laws takes us from true premisses to apparently absurd ... More


Williams, History, and the “Impurity of Philosophy”

Richard Moran

in The Philosophical Imagination: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190633776
eISBN:
9780190633806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190633776.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

In addition to his contributions to the history of philosophy, Bernard Williams’s later work is concerned with more explicit reflection on the role of history in the constitution of the discipline of ... More


Responsibility and the Condition of Moral Sense

Paul Russell

in The Limits of Free Will

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190627607
eISBN:
9780190627638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190627607.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a thesis about necessary conditions of responsible agency that arise at the interface between (compatibilist) reason-responsive theories and Strawsonian naturalistic approaches. ... More


Responsibility, Naturalism, and “The Morality System”

Paul Russell

in The Limits of Free Will

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190627607
eISBN:
9780190627638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190627607.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Even those who follow the general strategy of P. F. Strawson’s enormously influential “Freedom and Resentment” accept that his strong naturalist program needs to be substantially modified, if not ... More


Intention, Belief, Practical, Theoretical

Michael E. Bratman

in Planning, Time, and Self-Governance: Essays in Practical Rationality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190867850
eISBN:
9780190867898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867850.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This essay argues against an approach—one I call cognitivism—that tries to understand synchronic plan rationality as, at bottom a matter of theoretical rationality of belief. This approach is taken ... More


Wright’s Adaptive Landscape, Fisher’s Fundamental Theorem

Samir Okasha

in Agents and Goals in Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815082
eISBN:
9780191852909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815082.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind

Fitness maximization, or optimization, is a controversial idea in evolutionary biology. One classical formulation of this idea is that natural selection will tend to push a population up a peak in an ... More


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