Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 118 items for:

  • Keywords: R x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

P. M. S Hacker

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245697
eISBN:
9780191602245
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924569X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Consists of 13 thematically linked essays on different aspects of the philosophy of Wittgenstein, by one of the leading commentators on his work. After an opening overview of Wittgenstein’s ... More


Epilogue

Dray William H.

in History as Re-Enactment: R. G. Collingwood's Idea of History

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238812
eISBN:
9780191679780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238812.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This epilogue summarises what has emerged with regard to both R. G. Collingwood's view of the nature of historical understanding as re-enactment, and the place which that doctrine should occupy in a ... More


The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism

Barry Stroud

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247616
eISBN:
9780191598494
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247613.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis of scepticism is a thesis about the human condition: the view that we can know nothing, or that nothing is certain, or that everything is open to doubt. This book examines the sceptical ... More


Levels of Reality

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 2 Levels of RealityMany philosophers, especially self‐described ‘non‐reductive materialists’, embrace the idea that reality is hierarchical: the world comprises levels of being. Examples of ... More


Number and Natural Language *

Stephen Laurence and Eric Margolis

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the question of whether there is an essential connection between language and number, while looking more broadly at some of the potential innate precursors to the acquisition of ... More


Convention and Idiosyncrasy

Mitchell S. Green

in Self-Expression

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199283781
eISBN:
9780191712548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283781.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on how we show what's within in ways not typical of our species. A person's idiosyncratic display of an emotion, for instance, might nevertheless make that emotion perceptible if ... More


Defending the Type/Token Theory I

Julian Dodd

in Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284375
eISBN:
9780191713743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter defends a conception of works of music as abstract, unstructured, modally inflexible, and temporally inflexible entities. Objections to the type/token theory raised by, amongst others, ... More


Defending the Type/Token Theory II: Musical Platonism

Julian Dodd

in Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284375
eISBN:
9780191713743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter defends what is perhaps the most controversial consequence of the type/token theory: musical Platonism. Musical Platonism is the doctrine that works of music, qua types of ... More


Jonathan Glover

Alan Ryan

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This brief chapter is a lively, anecdotal appreciation of Jonathan Glover written by a friend and former colleague.


Meaningful Expression

Mitchell S. Green

in Self-Expression

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199283781
eISBN:
9780191712548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283781.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter is the second of two that relate self-expression to speaker meaning. On an appropriate construal of overtness, overt self-expression is a form of speaker meaning. Further, in some cases ... More


Facial Expression

Mitchell S. Green

in Self-Expression

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199283781
eISBN:
9780191712548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283781.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter refines and defends the conception of emotions as literally perceptible in the face. It begins with an overview of Darwin's position on facial expression as espoused in his The ... More


Competitors

Samuel Guttenplan

in Objects of Metaphor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280896
eISBN:
9780191602627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280894.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Three recent and important accounts of metaphor are discussed in detail. These are: Stern’s Demonstrative account, White’s Conflated Sentence account, and Fogelin’s Simile account. What is right and ... More


Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Gary E. Varner

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

R.M. Hare was one of the most important ethical theorists in the second half of the 20th century, and one of his graduate students, Peter Singer, became famous for his writings on animals and ... More


Properties as Pure Powers

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Properties are powers, but not pure powers. A world comprising objects, properties of which are exclusively dispositional, like a purely relational world, is indistinguishable from an empty world. If ... More


Reorienting Strawson's Theory of Moral Responsibility

Michael McKenna

in Conversation and Responsibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199740031
eISBN:
9780199918706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740031.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

P. F. Strawson's theory of moral responsibility is assumed to involve three theses. First, morally responsibility is interpersonal because the nature of being responsible is essentially linked to the ... More


Introduction

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter discusses the concept of personhood, and provides a general overview of Hare’s theory. In day-to-day speech, “person” is often used synonymously with “human being,” but in ... More


Hare on the Logic of Moral Discourse

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Hare argues that all moral thinking is ultimately utilitarian, because moral judgements have three logical properties that, taken together, force us to think like utilitarians. At the same time, he ... More


The Nature of Intuitive-Level System (ILS) Rules

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Hare argues that good utilitarian reasons can be given for not thinking like utilitarians in most normal situations, where several different kinds of rules should be adhered to. This chapter focuses ... More


Assessing Hare’s Theory

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a summary assessment of Hare’s theory, both as an empirical account of actual human moral thinking and as a normative theory of how we ought to think and act. The chapter argues ... More


Replaceability, Population, and Marginal Cases

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys what Peter Singer has said about the “replaceability” of non-persons, emphasizing that there are problems with each of several different accounts he has offered and how these ... More


View: