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The Unseen Band

Frederic Lawrence Holmes

in Meselson, Stahl, and the Replication of DNA: A History of "The Most Beautiful Experiment in Biology"

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085402
eISBN:
9780300129663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085402.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses several attempts made by investigators to introduce radioactive isotopes into dividing cells to study the manner in which chromosomes are organized and synthesized. Alma Howard ... More


Introduction

Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope

in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262033985
eISBN:
9780262334426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Introduces ENIAC and sketches its accepted place in the history of computing as a candidate for the disputed honor of “the first computer,” or as the “first general purpose electronic digital ... More


Managing the Cold Chain: Making Life Mobile

Joanna Radin

in Life on Ice: A History of New Uses for Cold Blood

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226417318
eISBN:
9780226448244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226448244.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter analyzes the three separate human biology expeditions undertaken with the help of a National Science Foundation-sponsored floating laboratory known as the R/V Alpha Helix in the 1970s. ... More


Conception Andperception: E. P. Mason and Sir John F. W. Herschel

Omar W. Nasim

in Observing By Hand: Sketching the Nebulae in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084374
eISBN:
9780226084404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084404.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

With a detailed study of the procedures of the young American astronomer, E. P. Mason (in part 1) and the celebrated English scientist, Sir John F. W. Herschel (in part 2), chapter 3 is focused on ... More


Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Lillian Hoddeson, Adrienne W. Kolb, and Catherine Westfall

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, located in the western suburbs of Chicago, has stood at the frontier of high-energy physics for forty years. This book is the first history of this laboratory ... More


The Super Collider Affair, 1982–1989

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses Fermilab's Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) project. It suggests that the idea for the SSC started during the Cold War period from 1955 to 1975. When relations between ... More


Introduction

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume which is about the history of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), a particle accelerator laboratory in Illinois. This ... More


The Call of the Frontier

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the conception of the Fermilab particle accelerator laboratory in the context of the frontier rhetoric. It explains that during the 1960s heroic frontier imagery illuminated ... More


The Several Hundred GeV Accelerator, 1959–1963

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of Fermilab from 1959 to 1963. It suggests that Fermilab was inspired by the development of the alternating-gradient principle and by the fact discussions about ... More


Midwest Passage, 1965–1967

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses the controversy and cost issue during the period from 1965 to 1967 that gradually loosened Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's control for the Fermilab project. It discusses ... More


Wilson's Vision

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses Robert R. Wilson's vision for the National Accelerator Laboratory in Illinois. It explains that Wilson's aesthetics called for clean, bold, frugal, and functional components, ... More


Constructing the Ring, 1968–1972

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of the construction of the accelerator rings of the National Accelerator Laboratory during the period 1968 to 1972. It explains that while Berkeley designers ... More


A Users' Paradise, 1968–1978

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses Robert R. Wilson's vision for the National Accelerator Laboratory to become a user's paradise. His vision called for a balance of responsibilities that Wilson envisioned ... More


Beyond the Horizon: The Energy Doubler, 1967–1978

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of the conceptualization and construction of the Energy Doubler at the National Accelerator Laboratory. Robert R. Wilson conceived a plan using the phenomenon of ... More


The History of Paleopathology in the Netherlands

George J.R. Maat

in The Global History of Paleopathology: Pioneers and Prospects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195389807
eISBN:
9780190254308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195389807.003.0052
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses history of paleopathology in the Netherlands. History shows that the discipline was regarded as a serious academic subject from the mid-eighteenth century onward. Those who ... More


A Short History of Paleohistology

Michael Schultz

in The Global History of Paleopathology: Pioneers and Prospects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195389807
eISBN:
9780190254308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195389807.003.0074
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of the paleohistology, covering its nature, methods, and techniques. It then presents brief biographies of some pioneers in paleohistology. These include Austrian ... More


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