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Holy Scripture in the Qumran Commentaries and Pauline Letters

Timothy H. Lim

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198262060
eISBN:
9780191682292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262060.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Early Christian Studies

What was the ancient exegetes’ attitude to the biblical texts? Did they consider them ‘sacred’ in the sense that the words were the inviolable utterances of God? Alternatively, did they when ... More


Attitudes to Holy Scripture

Timothy H. Lim

in Holy Scripture in the Qumran Commentaries and Pauline Letters

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198262060
eISBN:
9780191682292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262060.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Early Christian Studies

The writings that together make up ‘holy scripture’ are sacred not because they have been formalized and fixed in stone, but because in them it is thought that the divine will of God can be found. ... More


The Significance of Proverbs 1–9

Stuart Weeks

in Instruction and Imagery in Proverbs 1-9

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199291540
eISBN:
9780191710537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291540.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The date and origin of Proverbs 1-9 are difficult to pin down, but its influence can be identified clearly in some subsequent Jewish literature (most notably Ben Sira and certain texts from Qumran). ... More


Temple as Cosmos or Temple in the Cosmos: Priests, Purity, Sacrifice, and Angels

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter analyzes two distinct symbolic understandings of the Jerusalem temple and its rituals. It finds evidence for a belief in the temple as representing the cosmos in Josephus, Philo and ... More


Sinful People, Impure Priests, and Inadequate Structures: The Temple as Defiled and Rejected

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines literature discovered at Qumran and related literature, including the Temple Scroll, with an eye toward describing more fully the anti-temple polemics articulated. It identifies ... More


The Purity of the Second Temple in Rabbinic Literature

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines an array of rabbinic sources concerning the temple, including Mishnah, Midrash, and Talmud, drawing a number of contrasts with Qumran literature in particular. The Rabbis seem ... More


 “And Jacob Remained Alone”: The Jewish Struggle with Celibacy

Eliezer Diamond

in Celibacy and Religious Traditions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306316
eISBN:
9780199867721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306316.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Judaism has been opposed to celibacy because marriage was a normal condition and a divine ordinance. The Jewish tradition provides evidence of exceptions to the rule against celibacy among marginal ... More


The Jewish Matrix

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Christian beliefs in the first century ad, as recorded in the gospels, may be related to those of the Essenes and Therapeutae, ascetic Jewish groups in Palestine and Egypt, and to the community at ... More


Performative Reading and Text Interpretation at Qumran

Martin S. Jaffee

in Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Explores the nature of oral‐performative reading and text‐interpretive tradition in the scribal community (Yakhad) associated with the Qumran ruins and the Dead Sea scrolls. The focus is upon the ... More


Solar and Lunar Calendars

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Ancient sources including the books of Enoch and Jubilees, Qumran and related literature, Philo, Josephus, Graeco‐Roman, and early Christian sources, reveal that a variety of solar and lunar ... More


Halakhah in the Making: The Development of Jewish Law from Qumran to the Rabbis

Aharon Shemesh

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520259102
eISBN:
9780520945036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259102.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book offers a comprehensive study of the legal material found in the Dead Sea Scrolls and its significance in the greater history of Jewish religious law (Halakhah). The study revives an issue ... More


The Impurity of Gentiles in Second Temple Sources

Christine E. Hayes

in Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities: Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151206
eISBN:
9780199834273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151208.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In a wide range of Jewish texts representing diverse groups in the Second Temple period, Gentiles are consistently portrayed as susceptible to moral rather than ritual impurity – in keeping with ... More


The Messiah before Jesus: The Suffering Servant of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Israel Knohl

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520215924
eISBN:
9780520928749
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520215924.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In a work that challenges notions that have dominated New Testament scholarship for more than a hundred years, this book gives startling evidence for a messianic precursor to Jesus who is described ... More


The Bible in Qumran and Early Judaism

P. S. Alexander

in Text in Context: Essays by Members of the Society for Old Testament Study

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263913
eISBN:
9780191601187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263910.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This is the second of five chapters on the Old Testament and the reader, and presents an analysis of the Bible in Qumran (the site occupied by the early Jewish monastic community who lived near the ... More


Textual Criticism: The Ancient Versions

S. Talmon

in Text in Context: Essays by Members of the Society for Old Testament Study

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263913
eISBN:
9780191601187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263910.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This is the first of five chapters on the text of the Old Testament. It focuses on textual criticism of the ancient versions of the Old Testament, pointing out that no other ancient or modern text ... More


Post-Qumran Perspectives on Exegesis

Timothy H. Lim

in Holy Scripture in the Qumran Commentaries and Pauline Letters

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198262060
eISBN:
9780191682292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262060.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Early Christian Studies

The scrolls found in the caves near the archaeological site of Khirbet Qumran have often been hailed as the greatest manuscript discovery in Palestine and Israel in the 20th century. The scrolls, ... More


Hekhalot Literature and the Origins of Jewish Mysticism

PETER SCHÄFER

in Rabbinic Texts and the History of Late-Roman Palestine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264744
eISBN:
9780191734663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264744.003.0016
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the origins of Jewish mysticism and the Hekhalot liteature. The findings do not confirm the trend in modern scholarship which locates the origins of Jewish mysticism in the ... More


The Formation of the Hebrew Bible: A New Reconstruction

David M. Carr

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199742608
eISBN:
9780199918737
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742608.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This book rethinks both the methods and historical orientation points for research into the growth of the Hebrew Bible. Building on his prior work, Writing on the Tablet of the Heart (Oxford, 2005), ... More


New Laws For A New Age

Jonathan Burnside

in God, Justice, and Society: Aspects of Law and Legality in the Bible

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199759217
eISBN:
9780199827084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759217.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter looks at how the biblical laws of marriage, divorce, and sexual relations were interpreted during the Second Temple (or intertestamental) period, with reference to the writers of the ... More


Parallels and Models

Tessa Rajak

in Translation and Survival: The Greek Bible of the Ancient Jewish Diaspora

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558674
eISBN:
9780191720895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558674.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter extends the exploration of the Biblical culture of Hellenistic Judaism through the comparative use of different models of text-based communities. The parallel that is commonly drawn ... More


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