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The Aftermath: Reflections on the Culture and Ideology of National Socialism

Anson Rabinbach

in Weimar Thought: A Contested Legacy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135106
eISBN:
9781400846788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135106.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents some chilling reflections that highlight certain continuities between the Republic and the Third Reich. It demonstrates how fluid and flexible Nazi ideology was in practice—so ... More


Guilt versus Responsibility: A Reading and Partial Critique of Hannah Arendt

Iris Marion Young

in Responsibility for Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195392388
eISBN:
9780199866625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392388.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explicates the distinction between guilt and responsibility as it appears in Hannah Arendt's essays, “Organized Guilt and Universal Responsibility” and “Collective Responsibility.” It ... More


Science and the Life-World: Essays on Husserl's Crisis of European Sciences

David Hyder and Hans-Jorg Rheinberger (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756044
eISBN:
9780804772945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756044.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book is a collection of chapters on Husserl's Crisis of European Sciences by philosophers of science and scholars of Husserl. Published and ignored under the Nazi dictatorship, Husserl's last ... More


Gray Zones: Diabolical Evil Revisited

Claudia Card

in The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145083
eISBN:
9780199833115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145089.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter proposes, and illustrates, with the idea of gray zones, a more historically accurate conception of diabolical evil than the one rejected by Kant: the deliberate and successful pursuit of ... More


Euthanasia *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A problem in medical ethics is examined in this discussion of euthanasia, which starts with a rejection of use of the term by the Nazis to describe their killing of unwanted mental patients. By ... More


Collaboration with the Enemy: Harming Some to Save Others from the Nazis

F. M. Kamm

in The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199897520
eISBN:
9780199950249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199897520.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question of whether it is morally permissible to cooperate with the unjust side during a war, specifically the Nazis. It reveals that there were some Jewish governing ... More


The Evil Within: Why We Need Moral Philosophy

Diane Jeske

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190685379
eISBN:
9780190685409
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685379.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Thomas Jefferson and Edward Coles were men of similar background, but the former remained a slaveholder while the latter emancipated his slaves. Examining the ways in which people such as Jefferson, ... More


Is Evil Banal? A Misleading Question

Richard J. Bernstein

in Thinking in Dark Times: Hannah Arendt on Ethics and Politics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823230754
eISBN:
9780823235858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823230754.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that the question—Is evil banal?—is badly formulated because it invites serious misinterpretations of Arendt. The question is objectionable for three ... More


The Crisis as Philosophy of History

David Carr

in Science and the Life-World: Essays on Husserl's Crisis of European Sciences

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756044
eISBN:
9780804772945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756044.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter contends that Husserl's view of history is typical for the early twentieth century, even while the specific form of Husserl's crisis is intimately connected to his personal situation as ... More


Is Philosophy Partly to Blame for the German Catastrophe? Heidegger between Fundamental Ontology and History of Being

Vittorio Hösle

in A Short History of German Philosophy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167190
eISBN:
9781400883042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167190.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers the question of why German culture is responsible for what are probably the most atrocious crimes of the modern age. It suggests that anyone who wants to answer the question as ... More


Introduction

Margaret A. Simons

in Political Writings

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036941
eISBN:
9780252097201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036941.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This introductory chapter provides an overview of Simone de Beauvoir's post-World War II political engagement. The key to Beauvoir's post-World War II political engagement is, of course, her ... More


Nazism and Us

in Terms of the Political: Community, Immunity, Biopolitics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823242641
eISBN:
9780823242689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823242641.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 7 argues that our contemporary political language is haunted not, as some would have it, by Soviet communism in the wake of the Cold War, but by Nazism. Whereas Soviet communism belongs to ... More


“no Revolution Required”

Jerome Kohn

in The Intellectual Origins of the Global Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823249602
eISBN:
9780823250752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823249602.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

It is strange to look for the origins of the 21st century financial crisis in 19th century imperialism. And yet, imperialism, as the politics of unlimited expansion of state power for private ... More


Reparations, History, and Nietzsche

Dan Moller

in Governing Least: A New England Libertarianism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190863241
eISBN:
9780190863272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190863241.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Classical liberals stress property rights. An important objection to classical liberal views of the state is that significant portions of land and wealth were acquired unjustly and are owed to others ... More


Weizsäcker and Bonhoeffer

Judith N. Shklar

Samantha Ashenden and Andreas Hess (eds)

in On Political Obligation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780300214994
eISBN:
9780300245417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300214994.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter Shklar discusses the moral dilemmas and the difficult choices that people face when confronted with making decisions under extreme circumstances. The two cases discussed are that of ... More


Backwater Disclosure: Ontological Politics and the Dialectics of Intercommunality

Roby Rajan

in India and the Unthinkable: Backwaters Collective on Metaphysics and Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199466863
eISBN:
9780199087563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466863.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

How could the single-most influential figure in modern European philosophy, Martin Heidegger, have raised his hand in Nazi salute and pledged loyalty to the Fuehrer? Was this a case of opportunism, ... More


Just the Bad and the Ugly

Diane Jeske

in The Evil Within: Why We Need Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190685379
eISBN:
9780190685409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685379.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Case studies of bad people who committed highly immoral actions provide a way of examining our own errors in moral deliberation. Albert Speer, Hitler’s Minister of Armaments and War Production, ... More


The Feeling of Morality

Diane Jeske

in The Evil Within: Why We Need Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190685379
eISBN:
9780190685409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685379.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Emotions play a critical role in both moral deliberation and moral action. Understanding the emotions and how they ought to interact with theoretical principles is an important part of fulfilling our ... More


Status

John Kleinig

in On Loyalty and Loyalties: The Contours of a Problematic Virtue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199371259
eISBN:
9780199371280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199371259.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter asks whether loyalty should be seen as a virtue. It critiques the views of R. E. Ewin and Simon Keller. Loyalty is claimed to be an executive rather than substantive virtue that, like ... More


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