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Perfect Martyr: The Stoning of Stephen and the Construction of Christian Identity

Shelly Matthews

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195393323
eISBN:
9780199866618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393323.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This book situates Acts’ story of Stephen’s death within the emerging discourse of early Christian martyrdom, challenging the historicity of this narrative and arguing for its significance in ... More


Marcion

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Marcion, a shipmaster from Pontus on the Black Sea, in about 140 proclaimed a radical distinction between the law and the gospel, putting a negative interpretation on the Old Testament and its God. ... More


Situating Acts

Shelly Matthews

in Perfect Martyr: The Stoning of Stephen and the Construction of Christian Identity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195393323
eISBN:
9780199866618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393323.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter situates Acts within debates concerning the Jews in Acts, Acts’ view of empire, and the possibility that Acts, along with canonical Luke chapters 1 and 2, are written in response to ... More


“Father, Forgive Them”: The Place of the Perfect Prayer in the Construction of Christian Identity

Shelly Matthews

in Perfect Martyr: The Stoning of Stephen and the Construction of Christian Identity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195393323
eISBN:
9780199866618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393323.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter analyzes the dying forgiveness prayer of Stephen and the related prayer of the Lukan Jesus. By reading these prayers aside related bodies of literature including Maccabees and the Sermon ... More


Marcion and the Early0New Testament Text

Dieter T. Roth

in The Early Text of the New Testament

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199566365
eISBN:
9780191740985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566365.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter considers the insight that can be gained into the early text of the NT through Marcion’s Apostolikon and Euangelion. Though Adolf von Harnack’s magisterial work on Marcion’s scriptures ... More


Simplicity and the Problem of Contradiction: Ptolemy and the Legacy of Marcion

Andrew Radde‐Gallwitz

in Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 1 focuses on the role divine simplicity played in the debates surrounding Marcion of Sinope, the second‐century theologian who distinguished the God of the Old Testament from the God of the ... More


Canonizing Paul: Ancient Editorial Practice and the Corpus Paulinum

Eric W. Scherbenske

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917341
eISBN:
9780199980338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917341.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Canonizing Paul explores how ancient editorial practices utilized in the production of corpora (e.g. preparation of texts, selection and arrangement of tracts, and composition and ... More


Irenaeus of Lyons: Ambassador for Peace, Reconciliation, and Toleration

John Behr

in Irenaeus of Lyons: Identifying Christianity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199214624
eISBN:
9780191761720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214624.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

This chapter surveys the context of Irenaeus' theological activity by reviewing all the Christian teachers and communities in Rome during the first two centuries, paying special attention to how ... More


Marcionite Paratexts, Pretexts, and Edition of the Corpus Paulinum

Eric W. Scherbenske

in Canonizing Paul: Ancient Editorial Practice and the Corpus Paulinum

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917341
eISBN:
9780199980338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917341.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Chapter 2 contends that Marcion's text of Paul's letters was shaped by Marcion's Antitheses and the so-called “Marcionite prologues” (argumenta). These paratexts introduced the principles by which ... More


Response to Matthew Levering’s “Christians and Natural Law”

David Novak

in Natural Law: A Jewish, Christian, and Islamic Trialogue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198706601
eISBN:
9780191778469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198706601.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Judaism

Despite being members of two different faith communities, the authors of Chapters 1 and 2 have much in common with each other. Both try to answer Jews and Christians who see natural law to be in ... More


The Development of the Christian Biblical Canon: A Survey of the Early Period

Edmon L. Gallagher and John D. Meade

in The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198792499
eISBN:
9780191834493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792499.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

In order to provide context for the presentation of the canon lists, here we introduce the major stages in canon history, the data relevant to each stage, and the prominent scholarly theories ... More


Heresies, Forgeries, Novelties

Jonathan Klawans

in Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190062507
eISBN:
9780190062538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190062507.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The fundamental goal of this chapter is to present the dynamic to be explored in this book, relating heresy, forgery, and novelty. In its first sections, this chapter probes the contestability of ... More


Capturing Paul: F. C. Baur and the Rise of the Pauline Captivity Narrative

Benjamin L. White

in Remembering Paul: Ancient and Modern Contests over the Image of the Apostle

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199370276
eISBN:
9780199370290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370276.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Chapter 2 explores the development and influence of the Pauline Captivity narrative, the dominant story about “Paul in the second century” from the mid-nineteenth century until the late 1970s. ... More


Dissenting Readings

Christian Hofreiter

in Making Sense of Old Testament Genocide: Christian Interpretations of Herem Passages

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198810902
eISBN:
9780191848032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810902.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter presents and discusses criticisms of the Jewish Scriptures by Marcion and the Marcionites, by Ptolemy, Celsus, and other pagan critics of Christianity, and by the authors of the ... More


Praeparatio Evangelica in Early Christian Gospels

Simon Gathercole

in Connecting Gospels: Beyond the Canonical/Non-Canonical Divide

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814801
eISBN:
9780191852480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814801.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The novelty of the Christian message was a crucial point of discussion in the early church, a discussion reflected in both canonical and non-canonical gospels. In contrast to texts which saw the ... More


Prophets, Priests, and Kings: Old Testament Figures in and

Dieter T. Roth

in Connecting Gospels: Beyond the Canonical/Non-Canonical Divide

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814801
eISBN:
9780191852480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814801.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The close relationship between the two originally anonymous gospels that came to be ascribed to Marcion and to Luke is universally recognized. Attempting to reconstruct Marcion’s Gospel from the ... More


Cain and Abel Christianized

Robert C. Gregg

in Shared Stories, Rival Tellings: Early Encounters of Jews, Christians, and Muslims

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190231491
eISBN:
9780190231521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190231491.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Several references to the Cain–Abel clash occur in the New Testament. Because of Abel’s righteousness Cain murdered him (c.f., 1 John 3:12) and in Matthew 23:29–36, Jesus predicts that scribes and ... More


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