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Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

John McWhorter

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Foreigners often say that the English language is “easy”. A language like Spanish is challenging in its variety of verb endings and gender for nouns, whereas English is more straightforward. But ... More


A New Typology of Language Contact

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter reiterates the qualitative differences in overall structural complexity between the five languages considered in the book and their sister languages, and states that these differences ... More


Mandarin Chinese: “Altaicization” or Simplification?

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter shows that while Altaic languages had a decisive effect upon Mandarin, transfer was a relatively minor factor, while reduction due to non-native competence was comprehensively ... More


Acquisition of plurality in a language without plurality *

Alan Munn, Xiaofei Zhang, and Cristina Schmitt

in Merging Features: Computation, Interpretation, and Acquisition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199553266
eISBN:
9780191720833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553266.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

Mandarin Chinese has no marking for either plurality or definiteness on bare nominals, but has a portmanteau morpheme -men which encodes both plurality and definiteness. This chapter shows that the ... More


Ellipsis and Missing Objects

Joseph Aoun and Yen-hui Audrey Li

in Foundational Issues in Linguistic Theory: Essays in Honor of Jean-Roger Vergnaud

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062787
eISBN:
9780262273152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062787.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Ellipsis phenomena in natural language involve instances of meaning without sound as they do, and their interpretation requires the presence of some covert structure. The central issue for a theory ... More


A revision of Talmy’s typology

Víctor Acedo-Matellán

in The Morphosyntax of Transitions: A Case Study in Latin and Other Languages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198733287
eISBN:
9780191797804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733287.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

The split within the class of satellite-framed languages is further explored. Ancient Greek is shown as behaving like Latin and Slavic, its complex resultative constructions requiring the presence of ... More


Where do Chinese wh-items fit?

Gennaro Chierchia and Hsiu-Chen Daphne Liao

in Epistemic Indefinites: Exploring Modality Beyond the Verbal Domain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199665297
eISBN:
9780191779732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665297.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter investigates wh-items in Mandarin from a cross-linguistic perspective, seeking to unify their various uses. It stems from: (i) previous approaches to indefinites in Chinese (Cheng 1991; ... More


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