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Country Profiles

Deepak Lal and H. Myint

in The Political Economy of Poverty, Equity and Growth: A Comparative Study

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294320
eISBN:
9780191596582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294328.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The thinking behind the method of pairing countries used in the book for the purpose of comparative analysis of their economic history is explained. The salient relationships are then outlined ... More


On the Welfarist Rationale for Relative Poverty Lines *

Martin Ravallion

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the theory and evidence supporting a relativist approach to poverty measurement. It identifies various sources of welfare interdependence, including the idea of ‘relative ... More


Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Agricultural input subsidies were a major feature of development policies in rural economies until the 1980s. Continuing rural poverty with low productivity and fertilizer use in smallholder staple ... More


Targeting and access to input subsidies

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Targeting of input subsidies is a critical element of the Malawi agricultural subsidy programme, and a highly debated issue. This chapter analyses the experiences of targeting and presents options ... More


Graduation1

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Graduation has emerged as an issue in debates about the future of the agricultural input subsidy programme in Malawi, amid concerns about the programme’s high cost and fiscal sustainability. However, ... More


Conclusions

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter pulls together the main themes and issues in the book. Following the book’s three part structure, it first summarizes changing subsidy theory and practice, with theoretical recognition ... More


Introduction

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter sets out the objectives and contents of the book as a whole. Despite increased economic growth in many African countries, high rates of rural poverty continue, associated with low ... More


Malawi: political, policy, livelihoods, and market background

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Malawi, a small landlocked country, is highly dependent on the agricultural sector, particularly smallholder agriculture. The structure of production and of the economy have not changed significantly ... More


FISP activities and achievements

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The implementation of the FISP as a national programme is complex, involving several activities and interaction and coordination of various stakeholders at different levels. Drawing on programme ... More


Direct impacts of input subsidies

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter provides evidence on the direct impacts of Malawi’s Farm Input Subsidies programme, based on analysis of household level survey data collected by the authors and findings from other ... More


Economy-wide effects of input subsidies

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A large national programme of agricultural input subsidies focusing on staple crops should have important wider market effects in addition to direct beneficiary impacts. This chapter reviews the ... More


Impacts on input market development

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The involvement of the private sector in the FISP has changed over the life time of the programme with increasing participation in fertilizer procurement, inclusion and them exclusion in fertilizer ... More


Benefit–cost analysis, 2006/7 to 2010/111

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter develops benefit–cost estimates for the Malawi Farm Input Subsidy Programme. It argues the need for caution in comparing estimates across different investments as analyses often include ... More


Two Steps Forward, One Step Back: The Limits of Foreign Aid on Malawi’s Democratic Consolidation

Danielle Resnick

in Democratic Trajectories in Africa: Unravelling the Impact of Foreign Aid

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686285
eISBN:
9780191766206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686285.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Since the era of one-party rule, Malawi’s relationship with the donor community has proved erratic and contentious. During the second term of Malawi’s current president, Bingu wa Mutharika, this ... More


Intensification, Crop Diversification, and Gender Relations in Malawi

Peter Mvula and Wapulumuka Mulwafu

in Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa: Longitudinal Perspectives from Six Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198799283
eISBN:
9780191839641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799283.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this chapter a variety of methods were used to collect data to study smallholders in Malawi. The surveys were complemented by a set of qualitative interviews to establish gender dynamics in ... More


Policies or Prices? A Gendered Analysis of Drivers of Maize Production in Malawi and Zambia, 2002–13

Martin Prowse and Ellen Hillbom

in Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa: Longitudinal Perspectives from Six Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198799283
eISBN:
9780191839641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799283.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Maize is the basis for both agricultural production and food consumption in many areas of Southern Africa. This chapter presents a longitudinal study on changes in maize production based on Afrint ... More


Powerbrokers and Patronage: Why Malawi Has Failed to Structurally Transform and Deliver Inclusive Growth

Jonathan Said and Khwima Singini

in Deals and Development: The Political Dynamics of Growth Episodes

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198801641
eISBN:
9780191840289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801641.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter investigates the patterns of growth in Malawi from 1954 to 2013. Using the deals and development framework, it highlights four growth regimes during this period. First, a period of ... More


The Political Economy of Food Price Policy in Malawi

Ephraim W. Chirwa and Blessings Chinsinga

in Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718574
eISBN:
9780191788017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter examines the underlying political economy motivations of the government’s policy responses to food price increases in 2007/08 focusing particularly on maize as the main staple crop. The ... More


Did Rapid Smallholder-Led Agricultural Growth Fail to Reduce Rural Poverty? Making Sense of Malawi’s Poverty Puzzle

Karl Pauw, Ulrik Beck, and Richard Mussa

in Growth and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198744795
eISBN:
9780191805950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744795.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Poverty reduction is a primary development goal in Malawi. While a variety of policy interventions and strategies have sought to reduce poverty, the most significant policy intervention in recent ... More


State–Business Relations as Drivers of Economic Performance

Alberto Lemma and Dirk Willem te Velde

in The Practice of Industrial Policy: Government—Business Coordination in Africa and East Asia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198796954
eISBN:
9780191838606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796954.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter looks at effective state–business relations (SBRs), which have been lacking in industrial policy-thinking despite the strong theoretical case for them. The empirical study of SBRs in ... More


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