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Perpetual Peace and Fichte’s Theory of the State

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter recounts how Fichte's theory of the state was profoundly shaped by his encounter with Rousseau, Sieyès, and Kant. Fichte developed a more radical version of the constitutional theory ... More


Introduction

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's focus, namely Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1814), whose investigation of the idea of perpetual peace culminated in his Der geschlossene ... More


Republicanization in Theory and Practice

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter reveals that Fichte's proposal for a planned economy was an application of widespread eighteenth-century thinking about the positive possibilities created by modern finance: in this ... More


Fichte’s Political Economy of the General Will

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter describes how Fichte's book was perceived as an important challenge by admirers of Adam Smith because its normative evaluation of market society was grounded in a theory of property ... More


Commerce and the European Commonwealth in 1800

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter shows how Fichte's response to Kant's essay Perpetual Peace culminated in The Closed Commercial State. Kant's essay defined the legal character of a peaceful international community. It ... More


Revolution’s Chances

John T. Hamilton

in Security: Politics, Humanity, and the Philology of Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157528
eISBN:
9781400846474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157528.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter begins with a discussion of Kant, who led an almost abstract life of a confirmed bachelor. Heine links Kant's bachelorhood with his remote quarters, depicted as leading what we might ... More


Berlin

Mike Higton

in A Theology of Higher Education

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199643929
eISBN:
9780191738845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199643929.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Religion and Society

This chapter, on the University of Berlin, argues that the Wissenschaftsideologie that surrounded the new university’s creation was, in part, an attempted repair of the broken and disputatious world ... More


The Metaphysics of Dignity: Marriage in Kant and Fichte

in Uncivil Unions: The Metaphysics of Marriage in German Idealism and Romanticism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226136936
eISBN:
9780226136950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136950.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the theories of marriage by Immanuel Kant and Johann Gottlieb Fichte. Fichte's account of sexuality and marriage in the Foundations of Natural Right drew on a long ... More


The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Isaac Nakhimovsky

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book presents an important new account of Johann Gottlieb Fichte's Closed Commercial State, a major early nineteenth-century development of Rousseau and Kant's political thought. This book shows ... More


. Beautiful Freedom: Schiller on the Aesthetic Education of Humanity

Fred Dallmayr

in In Search of the Good Life: A Pedogogy for Troubled Times

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124575
eISBN:
9780813134994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124575.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter provides some historical background in an attempt to profile Friedrich Schiller's work against prominent intellectual currents of modernity. It offers a condensed discussion of the main ... More


Conclusion

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers the broader implications of Fichte's work. Fichte's The Closed Commercial State was an intensive investigation into the prospects of Europe's transformation into the kind of ... More


“Marriage Is the Most Exalted Secret”: Novalis on the Metaphysics and Semiotics of Marriage

in Uncivil Unions: The Metaphysics of Marriage in German Idealism and Romanticism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226136936
eISBN:
9780226136950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136950.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter tries to illustrate that Novalis' use of marriage-as-model is far less arbitrary than some of his notes can make it seem. Novalis' political writings of marriage addressed a veritable ... More


Eckhart’s Intention: Commentary on John, Part 1

Kurt Flasch

in Meister Eckhart: Philosopher of Christianity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300204865
eISBN:
9780300216370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300204865.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines Meister Eckhart's commentary on the Gospel of John. It first considers Johann Gottlieb Fichte's conception of man and mind in The Way towards the Blessed Life (Berlin, 1806) ... More


The Longing for a System: German Idealism

Vittorio Hösle

in A Short History of German Philosophy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167190
eISBN:
9781400883042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167190.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines German idealism, which is the only philosophical school of thought has retained the epithet “German.” The reason being is because it was the most intellectually ambitious ... More


Marriage Interrupted: Sophie Mereau's Bltithenalter Der Empfindung

in Uncivil Unions: The Metaphysics of Marriage in German Idealism and Romanticism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226136936
eISBN:
9780226136950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136950.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores how Sophie Mereau submitted Johann Gottlieb Fichte's thought on gender to scrutiny. It shows that Mereau expressed at the very outset of the marital metaphysics inaugurated by ... More


Quantitative Relation

Stanley Rosen

in The Idea of Hegel's "Science of Logic"

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226065885
eISBN:
9780226065915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226065915.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel’s concept of quantitative relation which he explains in detail in his Science of Logic. It begins with an overview of Hegel’s treatment of quantity ... More


Fichte’s Transcendental Philosophy, the Subject, and Circularity

Tom Rockmore

in German Idealism as Constructivism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226349909
eISBN:
9780226350073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226350073.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Chapter 3, “Fichte’s transcendental philosophy, the subject and circularity,” focuses on Fichte’s rethinking of the conception of the subject, and, as a result, ontology and cognition from a fully ... More


Hegel, Identity, and Constructivism

Tom Rockmore

in German Idealism as Constructivism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226349909
eISBN:
9780226350073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226350073.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

“Hegel, Identity and Constructivism,” the fifth chapter, examines the relationship of Hegel, beginning in the so-called Differenzschrift, his first philosophical publication, to Kant, Fichte and ... More


Anti-Roman Barbarians: Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Heinrich von Kleist, C. D. Friedrich, and the Fight against Napoleon in the Ruins of Germania

Julia Hell

in The Conquest of Ruins: The Third Reich and the Fall of Rome

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226588056
eISBN:
9780226588223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226588223.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the first chapter of part four, the author shifts the focus to the German case of neo-Roman mimesis. This process paradoxically begins with the anti-Napoleonic movement’s self-description as ... More


The Radical Enlightenment of Solomon Maimon: Judaism, Heresy, and Philosophy

Abraham P. Socher

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804751360
eISBN:
9780804767682
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804751360.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

With extraordinary chutzpa and deep philosophical seriousness, Solomon ben Joshua of Lithuania renamed himself after his medieval intellectual hero, Moses Maimonides. Solomon Maimon was perhaps the ... More


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