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Jeremy Bentham’s Dream

Bart Schultz

in The Happiness Philosophers: The Lives and Works of the Great Utilitarians

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691154770
eISBN:
9781400884957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154770.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Jeremy Bentham's doctrine of utilitarianism and the principle of “the greatest happiness of the greatest number.” Bentham is known for his radical critique of society, which ... More


Declaring Rights: Bentham and the Rights of Man

David Lieberman

in Philosophy, Rights and Natural Law: Essays in Honour of Knud Haakonssen

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474449229
eISBN:
9781474460200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449229.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Critics who were sceptical of the particular fusion of law and history in natural jurisprudence launched their assaults in the later eighteenth-century from within established religious ... More


In Defense of Moral Rights

Joel Feinberg

in Problems at the Roots of Law: Essays in Legal and Political Theory

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155266
eISBN:
9780199833177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155262.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This essay examines the relation between law and morality with respect to a particular concept – a right. In opposition to the view defended by Jeremy Bentham and, more recently, Raymond Frey and L. ... More


John Stuart Mill and Company

Bart Schultz

in The Happiness Philosophers: The Lives and Works of the Great Utilitarians

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691154770
eISBN:
9781400884957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154770.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines John Stuart Mill's legacy as an advocate of utilitarianism. Mill championed an open society, critical thinking, human dignity, and women's equality and produced immortal works ... More


The Happiness Philosophers: The Lives and Works of the Great Utilitarians

Bart Schultz

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691154770
eISBN:
9781400884957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154770.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book tells the colorful story of the lives and legacies of the founders of utilitarianism—one of the most influential yet misunderstood philosophies of the past two centuries. Best known for ... More


Suffering In Happy Lives

Mike W. Martin

in Happiness and the Good Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845217
eISBN:
9780199933068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845217.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Is happiness compatible with suffering? The answer is complicated. Nothing can protect us from tragedies that destroy what we cherish most, and thereby undermine happiness. Yet much suffering can be ... More


Mill’s Postdoc

Elijah Millgram

in John Stuart Mill and the Meaning of Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190873240
eISBN:
9780190873271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873240.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

J. S. Mill’s famous ‘Mental Crisis’ is argued to have been prompted by editing Jeremy Bentham’s Rationale of Judicial Evidence. The Crisis, it is suggested, was brought on by Mill’s specifically ... More


From Prudence to Morality

James Griffin

in Well-Being: Its Meaning, Measurement and Moral Importance

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248439
eISBN:
9780191597558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248431.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality must be rooted in the natural sources of human action. What are they? For instance, how are morality and self‐interest related? How are morality and personal aims related (a question to ... More


Consequentialism and Motives

Steven Sverdlik

in Motive and Rightness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594948
eISBN:
9780191725401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A survey is presented of consequentialist views about the deontic relevance of motives, starting with Bentham's utilitarianism. Austin, Sidgwick and especially Mill seem to contend that motives are ... More


Hedonism: A Preliminary Formulation

Fred Feldman

in Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature Varieties and Plausibility of Hedonism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199265169
eISBN:
9780191601385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926516X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Presents some typical textbook formulations of hedonism. Shows that they are unacceptable as formulations of the view—they fail to state the intended view in a coherent and consistent way. A simple ... More


Introduction

Bart Schultz

in The Happiness Philosophers: The Lives and Works of the Great Utilitarians

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691154770
eISBN:
9781400884957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154770.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book presents biographical/philosophical sketches of the founders of classical utilitarianism such as William Godwin, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and Henry Sidgwick. The great irony of the ... More


Push-pin and Poetry

Peter Kivy

in De Gustibus: Arguing About Taste and Why We Do It

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198746782
eISBN:
9780191809064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746782.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Jeremy Bentham asserted, as a consequence of his hedonism, that push-pin is as good as poetry, push-pin being a popular but trivial game of his time. The question raised in Chapter 9 is: Is the ... More


Epistemology of the Closet: BART SCHULTZ (2004), Henry Sidgwick: Eye of the Universe: An Intellectual Biography

Martha C. Nussbaum

in Philosophical Interventions: Reviews 1986-2011

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199777853
eISBN:
9780190267612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199777853.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter reviews the book Henry Sidgwick: Eye of the Universe: An Intellectual Biography (2004), by Bart Schultz. If social good for all or most people is to be achieved, it will be because ... More


Taking Liberties with Utilitarianism

Elijah Millgram

in John Stuart Mill and the Meaning of Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190873240
eISBN:
9780190873271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873240.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

J. S. Mill’s argument for the Principle of Liberty is shaped by a concern with moral freedom. ‘Genius’—figuring things out for yourself—fosters moral freedom; Mill understands originality as a higher ... More


Human Rights

John R. Searle

in Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195396171
eISBN:
9780190267643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195396171.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter deals with the facets of universal human rights, how they came to be, and to whom do they pertain to. It also argues that if human rights do exist, then as a consequence, human ... More


Cārvāka on Values

Pradeep P. Gokhale

in Lokāyata/Cārvāka: A Philosophical Inquiry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199460632
eISBN:
9780199085507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460632.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter deals with the value perspectives of the Cārvākas. Against the popular view that Cārvākas have no moral stand-point, it argues how they do have one. Yet, corresponding to the diversity ... More


Epilogue

Bart Schultz

in The Happiness Philosophers: The Lives and Works of the Great Utilitarians

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691154770
eISBN:
9781400884957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154770.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book has explored some of the doubts and possibilities for different readings of the classical utilitarians, both positive and negative. It has shown how William Godwin, Jeremy Bentham, John ... More


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