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Liberty

Isaiah Berlin

Edited by Henry Hardy (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Liberty is the new and expanded edition of Isaiah Berlin’s Four Essays on Liberty, a modern classic of liberalism. These essays, of which the best known is ‘Two Concepts of Liberty’, do not offer a ... More


Notes on Prejudice

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This briefest of notes, written to help a friend speaking to a popular audience, gives an informal statement of Berlin’s views on liberty, nationalism and the plurality of human goals. It excoriates ... More


The Purpose Justifies the Ways

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This short story, written when Berlin was twelve, is his first surviving essay. It reveals the disposition that found expression in his more mature work. Berlin contrasts the settled life of ‘a cosy ... More


Liberty

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This short essay is a summary of the main theses of Berlin’s ‘Two Concepts of Liberty’, and thus provides a brief introduction to his views.


The Quality of Freedom

Matthew H. Kramer

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247561
eISBN:
9780191601927
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247560.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

At least since the publication of Isaiah Berlin's famous essay ‘Two Concepts of Liberty’ nearly half a century ago, political philosophers have argued vigorously over the relative merits of ... More


A Letter to George Kennan

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This item of 1951 gives insight into the development of Berlin’s thinking about liberty and related themes. He identified the crucial importance of ‘the Kantian morality’ for his purposes, and ... More


Berlin and his Critics

Ian Harris

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ian Harris gives an historical exposition of the main lines of Berlin’s thought bearing on liberty, and within that structure provides a selective listing, with brief comments, on the literature ... More


Political Ideas in the Twentieth Century

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay examines the origins of three political doctrines of the twentieth‐century—Communism, Fascism, and Marxism—which Berlin linked through attributing to them the assumption that human life ... More


Historical Inevitability

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Berlin’s position in ‘Political Ideas’ postulated a human ability to make free choices. His lecture ‘Historical Inevitability’ attacked determinism as a foundation of the view that ‘the world has a ... More


Two Concepts of Liberty

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This lecture insisted upon negative liberty as the political complement to the human capacity for free choice, and made matching metaphysical claims: the nature of being, and especially the conflicts ... More


John Stuart Mill and the Ends of Life

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This lecture explored the tension between liberty and one view of knowledge. Berlin presented Mill not only as an exponent of determinism and an associated consequentialism, but also as someone who ... More


From Hope and Fear Set Free

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Berlin’s presidential address to the Aristotelian Society dealt with one important gap in his conceptual wall against totalitarianism. If to be free implied knowledge and the exercise of reason, then ... More


The Birth of Greek Individualism: A Turning-Point in the History of Political Thought

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This is the first of the three Storrs Lectures that Berlin gave at Yale University in 1962. It is part of the version of intellectual history that he developed to underwrite his views about politics. ... More


Final Retrospect

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This item consists of two excerpts from Berlin’s ‘My Intellectual Path’, an autobiographical piece, which was the last essay he wrote. It was written to help introduce Chinese students of philosophy ... More


Whither Political Theory?

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter traces the history of several trends and tendencies in political theory in the latter half of the twentieth century. It begins with the announcement of the `death’ of political theory ... More


Pluralism, Diversity, and Preserving Cultural Communities

Jacob T. Levy

in The Multiculturalism of Fear

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297123
eISBN:
9780191599767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297122.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examines and criticizes a number of more common arguments for the moral importance of political action that protects cultural variety. It argues that different cultures do not embody different ... More


Herder’s Pluralist Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

While rationalist reflection can derive a single set of authoritative standards from a universal faculty of reason, sentimentalism must assume an implausible degree of uniformity among the contingent ... More


A Cautious Embrace: Reflections on (Left) Liberalism and Utopia

David Leopold

in Liberalism as Ideology: Essays in Honour of Michael Freeden

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600670
eISBN:
9780191738203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600670.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The writings of Michael Freeden contain a sustained engagement with the history of twentieth-century liberalism. John Atkinson Hobson (1858–1940) emerges from Freeden’s narrative as an early (and ... More


From Amalsad to Westminster

Ramin Jahanbegloo

in Talking Politics: Bhikhu Parekh in Conversation with Ramin Jahanbegloo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071549
eISBN:
9780199081349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071549.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter illustrates the early life of Bhikhu Parekh and his experiences in becoming part of the British House of Lords. It begins with an account of Parekh’s childhood in Amalsad, where he talks ... More


Michael Ignatieff’s Tragedy: Just As We Are, Here and Now

Jeanne Morefield

in Empires Without Imperialism: Anglo-American Decline and the Politics of Deflection

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199387328
eISBN:
9780199345397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387328.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter Six interrogates the popular and academic writings of Harvard professor and former leader of the Canadian Liberal Party, Michael Ignatieff. The chapter argues that although Ignatieff has made ... More


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