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The Regulation of International Trade: The WTO Agreements on Trade in Goods

Petros C. Mavroidis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029995
eISBN:
9780262333719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029995.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has extended its institutional arsenal since the Kennedy round in the early 1960s. The current institutional design is the outcome of the Uruguay ... More


Introduction

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The demands for health, education, income support and even defence consumes more costs for public spending even as the government is not able or willing to raise more tax thereby resulting in finance ... More


Deficits and Debt

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In 1978, Japan adopted the new System of National Accounts (SNA) which it integrates five major consumption accounts of the national economy, of which the income and outlay accounts for various ... More


Outsourcing: organised money and disabled government

Andrew Bowman, Ismail Ertürk, Peter Folkman, Julie Froud, Colin Haslam, Sukhdev Johal, Adam Leaver, Michael Moran, Nick Tsitsianis, and Karel Williams

in What A Waste: Outsourcing and how it goes wrong

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719099526
eISBN:
9781526103949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099526.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Outsourcing is a democratic tragedy because today’s mainstream politicians are not protesting (or even examining) the outcomes of outsourcing. Instead they are planning to grant ever more local ... More


Australia’s Competitive Contract Model

Mark Considine, Jenny M. Lewis, Siobhan O’Sullivan, and Els Sol

in Getting Welfare to Work: Street-Level Governance in Australia, the UK, and the Netherlands

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198743705
eISBN:
9780191803840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743705.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter 2 describes the monumental changes to welfare-to-work that commenced with Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating’s ‘Working Nation’, accelerated under his successor John Howard’s fully ... More


Government Procurement

Petros C. Mavroidis

in The Regulation of International Trade: The WTO Agreements on Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029995
eISBN:
9780262333719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029995.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter 10 concerns the plurilateral agreement on Government Procurement, one of two plurilateral agreements in force. This plurilateral agreement only binds a subset of the total WTO membership. ... More


The 1930s Squeeze: From Revenue Squeeze to Spending Squeeze via Political Crisis

Christopher Hood and Rozana Himaz

in A Century of Fiscal Squeeze Politics: 100 Years of Austerity, Politics, and Bureaucracy in Britain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198779612
eISBN:
9780191824661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779612.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter describes fiscal squeeze in the early 1930s against the backdrop of global financial crisis and the Great Depression—fiscal squeeze less severe on financial outcomes data than the 1920s ... More


The Netherlands’ Hybrid Market

Mark Considine, Jenny M. Lewis, Siobhan O’Sullivan, and Els Sol

in Getting Welfare to Work: Street-Level Governance in Australia, the UK, and the Netherlands

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198743705
eISBN:
9780191803840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743705.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter 6 describes the evolution of the Dutch employment services system. The Dutch system is unlike either the Australian, fully privatized model or the UK’s part public/part private system. The ... More


World War II and Post-War Labour Austerity

Christopher Hood and Rozana Himaz

in A Century of Fiscal Squeeze Politics: 100 Years of Austerity, Politics, and Bureaucracy in Britain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198779612
eISBN:
9780191824661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779612.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter explores fiscal squeeze under the World War II coalition government, comprising a severe tax squeeze (including the development of mass income taxation and confiscatory top tax rates) ... More


The ‘Stop-Go’ Squeezes of the 1950s and 1960s

Christopher Hood and Rozana Himaz

in A Century of Fiscal Squeeze Politics: 100 Years of Austerity, Politics, and Bureaucracy in Britain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198779612
eISBN:
9780191824661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779612.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter describes four fiscal squeezes across two decades marked by broadly full employment and no major recession, albeit with slow economic growth, recurring currency crises, and ‘stop-go’ ... More


The 1970s Fiscal Squeeze: Stagflation, Recession, Currency Crisis, and Political Crisis

Christopher Hood and Rozana Himaz

in A Century of Fiscal Squeeze Politics: 100 Years of Austerity, Politics, and Bureaucracy in Britain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198779612
eISBN:
9780191824661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779612.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter describes fiscal squeeze in an era of high political volatility and major economic challenges, including mass unemployment, a sharp increase in oil prices, double-digit inflation (i.e. a ... More


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