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Segregation or Choice?: From Merchants to Moneylenders, 1000–1500

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses the argument that both their exclusion from craft and merchant guilds and usury bans on Christians segregated European Jews into moneylending during the Middle Ages. Already ... More


The Invention of a Language: Yiddish among the European Vernaculars

Jean Baumgarten

Jerold C. Frakes (ed.)

in Introduction to Old Yiddish Literature

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199276332
eISBN:
9780191699894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276332.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion and Literature

Contrary to common opinion, the Yiddish language excited the interest of linguists, beginning in the sixteenth century, and brought about an uninterrupted tradition of scholarly work from that time ... More


A Politics and Poetics of Diaspora: Heine's “Hebräische Melodien”

Bluma Goldstein

in Diasporas and Exiles: Varieties of Jewish Identity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520228641
eISBN:
9780520926899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228641.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

During the first half of the nineteenth century, Central European Jews struggled both to free themselves from the constrictions of the halakha and to become fully integrated citizens. The golden age ... More


How Central European Jewish Women Confronted Modernity

Harriet Pass Freidenreich

in Women and Judaism: New Insights and Scholarship

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814732182
eISBN:
9780814733110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814732182.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the lives of Jewish women in Central Europe during the first decades of the 20th century. In the transition from traditional Jewish society to modernity, Orthodox observances ... More


The Radical Enlightenment of Solomon Maimon: Judaism, Heresy, and Philosophy

Abraham P. Socher

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804751360
eISBN:
9780804767682
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804751360.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

With extraordinary chutzpa and deep philosophical seriousness, Solomon ben Joshua of Lithuania renamed himself after his medieval intellectual hero, Moses Maimonides. Solomon Maimon was perhaps the ... More


Lee Shai Weissbach (ed. and trans.), A Jewish Life on Three Continents: The Memoir of Menachem Mendel Frieden. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2013. 470 pp.

Gur Alroey

in A Club of Their Own: Jewish Humorists and the Contemporary World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190646127
eISBN:
9780190646158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190646127.003.0029
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter reviews A Jewish Life on Three Continents: The Memoir of Menachem Mendel Frieden, edited and translated by Lee-Shai Weissbach. Menachem Mendel Frieden’s (1878–1963) memoir reflects the ... More


The End and the Beginning

Marcin Wodziński

in Hasidism: Key Questions

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190631260
eISBN:
9780190631291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190631260.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter asks what we know about the golden/classical period of Hasidism and when it ended. It demonstrates that long before the Holocaust, it was the First World War that brought a major crisis, ... More


The Literary Character of the Haskalah

Anat Helman

in Jews and Their Foodways

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190265427
eISBN:
9780190461935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190265427.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the nature of Haskalah literature. Haskalah or the Jewish Enlightenment, was a movement among European Jews that advocated the adoption of enlightenment values by pressing for ... More


A Definition

Marcin Wodziński

in Hasidism: Key Questions

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190631260
eISBN:
9780190631291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190631260.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

What did it mean for an ordinary Jew to be a Hasid? Although there are dozens of definitions of Hasidism, all of them are built on doctrinal categories. The chapter demonstrates these kinds of ... More


Hasidism: Key Questions

Marcin Wodzinski

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190631260
eISBN:
9780190631291
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190631260.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Innovative and multidisciplinary in approaches, the book discusses the most cardinal features of any social or religious movement: definition, gender, leadership, demographic size, geography, ... More


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