## Outlook

*Sergey N. Dorogovtsev*

### in Lectures on Complex Networks

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- May 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199548927
- eISBN:
- 9780191720574
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0015
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In this concluding section of the text, the three major milestones marking the history of the exploration of networks are indicated. These are: Leonhard Euler's work (1735), the introduction of ... More

## RELATIVISTIC HYDRODYNAMICS

*Miguel Alcubierre*

### in Introduction to 3+1 Numerical Relativity

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199205677
- eISBN:
- 9780191709371
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205677.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents the derivation of dynamical equations governing the motion of a perfect fluid, known as the Euler equations, both in the special and general relativistic cases. It considers ... More

## Fluid Dynamics: Part 1: Classical Fluid Dynamics

*Anatoly I. Ruban and Jitesh S. B. Gajjar*

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- August 2014
- ISBN:
- 9780199681730
- eISBN:
- 9780191761607
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681730.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This book, the first of a four-part series on fluid dynamics, consists of four chapters on classical theory suitable for an introductory undergraduate course. Chapter 1 discusses the continuum ... More

## The rigid body

*S. G. Rajeev*

### in Advanced Mechanics: From Euler's Determinism to Arnold's Chaos

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199670857
- eISBN:
- 9780191775154
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670857.003.0005
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In this chapter, the moment of inertia is defined and Euler's equations for the rigid body are derived. They can be solved in terms of Jacobi elliptic functions.

## Hamilton–Jacobi theory

*S. G. Rajeev*

### in Advanced Mechanics: From Euler's Determinism to Arnold's Chaos

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199670857
- eISBN:
- 9780191775154
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670857.003.0009
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter derives the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. Euler's two centre problem is solved by using separation of variables in the elliptical co-ordinate system. The connection to the eikonal equation ... More

## The Consequences of Extensivity

*Robert H. Swendsen*

### in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199646944
- eISBN:
- 9780191775123
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646944.003.0013
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Although extensivity is not an essential property of thermodynamic systems, it is a very useful concept for analysing the properties of materials when we can ignore surface and boundary effects. This ... More

## Equilibrium and Non-Equilibrium Collisional Regimes

*Raymond Brun*

### in Introduction to Reactive Gas Dynamics

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- May 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780199552689
- eISBN:
- 9780191720277
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552689.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter defines collisional regimes of gaseous flows, including equilibrium and non-equilibrium situations which are described with Euler equations. It examines monatomic and diatomic gas flows, ... More

## Nonlinear Bending of Straight Beams

*J. N. REDDY*

### in An Introduction to Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198525295
- eISBN:
- 9780191711671
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525295.003.0004
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter considers the application of the finite element method to the analysis of a slightly more complicated one-dimensional nonlinear problem: the bending of straight beams. When the applied ... More

## The Stochastic Simulation Method

*Heinz-Peter Breuer and Francesco Petruccione*

### in The Theory of Open Quantum Systems

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199213900
- eISBN:
- 9780191706349
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213900.003.07
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The formulation of the dynamics of open quantum systems by means of stochastic processes in Hilbert space leads to efficient Monte–Carlo simulation techniques which are introduced and examined in ... More

## Kinematics of Rotation

*Oliver Johns*

### in Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198567264
- eISBN:
- 9780191717987
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567264.003.0008
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter deals with techniques needed to define the location and orientation of a moving rigid body. Rigid bodies are characterised and the center of mass of a rigid body is discussed along with ... More

## Rotational Dynamics

*Oliver Johns*

### in Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198567264
- eISBN:
- 9780191717987
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567264.003.0009
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The successful description of the motion of a rigid body is one of the triumphs of Newtonian mechanics. Having learned in the previous chapter how to specify the position and orientation of a rigid ... More

## ROTATIONAL DIFFUSION

*Robert M. Mazo*

### in Brownian Motion: Fluctuations, Dynamics, and Applications

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199556441
- eISBN:
- 9780191705625
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556441.003.0015
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter treats rotational diffusion in the Smoluchowski limit, but not limited to uniaxial diffusion. The rotational Langevin equation for a spherical particle with a homogeneous external field ... More

## Mathematical Tools

*Hans-Peter Eckle*

### in Models of Quantum Matter: A First Course on Integrability and the Bethe Ansatz

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- September 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780199678839
- eISBN:
- 9780191878589
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780199678839.003.0019
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 19 introduces the mathematical techniques required to extract analytic infor- mation from the Bethe ansatz equations for a Heisenberg quantum spin chain of finite length. It discusses how the ... More

## Fluid Mechanics: A Geometrical Point of View

*S. G. Rajeev*

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- October 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198805021
- eISBN:
- 9780191843136
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198805021.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Starting with a review of vector fields and their integral curves, the book presents the basic equations of the subject: Euler and Navier–Stokes. Some solutions are studied next: ideal flows using ... More

## Point Transformations in Lagrangian Mechanics

*Peter Mann*

### in Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Dynamics

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- August 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198822370
- eISBN:
- 9780191861253
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198822370.003.0009
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses point transformations in Lagrangian mechanics. Sometimes, when solving problems, it is useful to change coordinates in velocity phase space to better suit and simplify the ... More

## Differential Equations

*Peter Mann*

### in Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Dynamics

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- August 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198822370
- eISBN:
- 9780191861253
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198822370.003.0035
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents the general formulation of the calculus of variations as applied to mechanics, relativity and field theories. The calculus of variations is a common mathematical technique used ... More

## Geometric Integrators

*S. G. Rajeev*

### in Fluid Mechanics: A Geometrical Point of View

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- October 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198805021
- eISBN:
- 9780191843136
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198805021.003.0015
- Subject:
- Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Generic methods for solving ordinary differential equations (ODEs, e.g., Runge-Kutta) can break the symmetries that a particular equation might have. Lie theory can be used to get Geometric ... More

## Later years

*I.S. Glass*

### in Nicolas-Louis De La Caille, Astronomer and Geodesist: South African Astronomical Observatory

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- January 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199668403
- eISBN:
- 9780191749315
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668403.003.0006
- Subject:
- Physics, History of Physics

La Caille returned to France via Mauritius and Reunion. He was received with acclaim at the Academy, where he gave several lectures on his Cape experiences. He published a map of the Cape which ... More

## Lagrangian Mechanics

*David D. Nolte*

### in Introduction to Modern Dynamics: Chaos, Networks, Space, and Time

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- November 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198844624
- eISBN:
- 9780191880216
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198844624.003.0002
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Dynamical systems follow trajectories for which the mechanical action integrated along the trajectory is an extremum. The action is defined as the time average of the difference between kinetic and ... More

## Introduction to Differential Equations

*David P. Feldman*

### in Chaos and Fractals: An Elementary Introduction

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199566433
- eISBN:
- 9780191774966
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566433.003.0029
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter focuses on differential equations, dynamical systems that change continuously, with the variable of interest having a value at every instant. It first provides an overview of discrete ... More