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Later years

I.S. Glass

in Nicolas-Louis De La Caille, Astronomer and Geodesist: South African Astronomical Observatory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199668403
eISBN:
9780191749315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668403.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

La Caille returned to France via Mauritius and Reunion. He was received with acclaim at the Academy, where he gave several lectures on his Cape experiences. He published a map of the Cape which ... More


Rationalism in the History of Mechanics

Olivier Darrigol

in Physics and Necessity: Rationalist Pursuits from the Cartesian Past to the Quantum Present

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198712886
eISBN:
9780191781360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712886.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter is a history of necessity arguments in classical mechanics, including the seventeenth-century opposition between Descartes’s rationalism and Newton’s empiricism, the rationalism of ... More


The Paving Stone Theory of World Tectonics

Roy Livermore

in The Tectonic Plates are Moving!

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198717867
eISBN:
9780191860492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717867.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics, History of Physics

Tuzo Wilson introduces the concept of transform faults, which has the effect of transforming Earth Science forever. Resistance to the new ideas is finally overcome in the late 1960s, as the theory of ... More


Antecedents

Jennifer Coopersmith

in The Lazy Universe: An Introduction to the Principle of Least Action

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198743040
eISBN:
9780191802966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743040.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

Early ideas about optimization principles were brought in by an eclectic group of extraordinary thinkers: the Ancients (Hero, and Princess Dido), Fermat with his Principle of Least Time, the ... More


Mathematics and physics preliminaries: of hills and plains and other things

Jennifer Coopersmith

in The Lazy Universe: An Introduction to the Principle of Least Action

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198743040
eISBN:
9780191802966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743040.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The link between mathematics and physics is explained, and how the concepts “coordinates,” “generalized coordinates,” “time,” and “space” have evolved, starting with Galileo. It is also shown that ... More


On the Shoulders of Giants

David D. Nolte

in Galileo Unbound: A Path Across Life, the Universe and Everything

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198805847
eISBN:
9780191843808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805847.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Galileo’s parabolic trajectory launched a new approach to physics that was taken up by a new generation of scientists like Isaac Newton, Robert Hooke and Edmund Halley. The English Newtonian ... More


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