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Jenner's Cowpox Vaccine

in The Vaccinators: Smallpox, Medical Knowledge, and the 'Opening' of Japan

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754897
eISBN:
9780804779494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754897.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter considers the social, political, and institutional frameworks within which Edward Jenner conceived and presented his hypothesis that cowpox virus, Variolae vaccinae, could be used to ... More


The Great Benefactor

in The Vaccination Controversy: The Rise, Reign and Fall of Compulsory Vaccination for Smallpox

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310867
eISBN:
9781846314216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314216.006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on Edward Jenner, who studied the use of cowpox to prevent smallpox. In May 1796 Sarah Nelmes, the daughter of a farmer in the neighbourhood of Berkeley, developed cowpox on her ... More


The Vaccination Controversy: The Rise, Reign and Fall of Compulsory Vaccination for Smallpox

Stanley Williamson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310867
eISBN:
9781846314216
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314216
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Smallpox was for several centuries one of the most deadly, most contagious, and most feared of diseases. This book charts the history of one of the most controversial techniques in medical history. ... More


Ambivalent Cosmopolites

Amanda B. Moniz

in From Empire to Humanity: The American Revolution and the Origins of Humanitarianism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190240356
eISBN:
9780190240387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190240356.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, British and Irish Early Modern History

Long-standing doubts about universal benevolence came to the fore as the French Revolutionary Wars and the Haitian Revolution destabilized the Atlantic world. Some activists had always contested the ... More


Scabrous Matters: Spurious Vaccinations in the Confederacy

Robert D. Hicks (ed.)

in War Matters: Material Culture in the Civil War Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643205
eISBN:
9781469643229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643205.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

As smallpox spread through the Confederacy, its physicians tried to innoculate the population against the dreaded disease. They created vaccine matter, which are human-made artifacts, by infecting ... More


Confronting Smallpox

in The Vaccinators: Smallpox, Medical Knowledge, and the 'Opening' of Japan

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754897
eISBN:
9780804779494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754897.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Variola major, the virus that causes smallpox, circulates continuously from one susceptible human to another. As the variola virus establishes its migratory sphere, a dramatic transmission of the ... More


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