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Limits of Diffusion: Computing in the Soviet Union, German Democratic Republic and Eastern Europe

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Flood: The Diffusion of Information Technology Across the U.S., Europe, and Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199921553
eISBN:
9780199980406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921553.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the arrival, adoption and use of computers in Communist Europe of the 1950s through the 1980s and includes a discussion of post Communist computing in the region into the 2000s. ... More


From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Johan F.M. Swinnen and Scott Rozelle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288915
eISBN:
9780191603518
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288917.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The changes which led to the emergence of China as a global economic powerhouse, the integration of ten Central and Eastern European countries into the European Union (EU) and the uncertain path of ... More


Patriarchy and Post-communism: Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

Valentine M. Moghadam

in Patriarchy and Development: Women's Positions at the End of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290230
eISBN:
9780191684807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290230.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Contrary to what several observers expected, the dissolution of communism that resulted in a shift to a market economy had adverse effects on the status of women in terms of employment and ... More


Competing in Capabilities: The Globalization Process

John Sutton

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199274536
eISBN:
9780191746123
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274536.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book offers a new perspective on the economics of globalization, based on the concepts of firms' capabilities as the immediate cause of countries' wealth. It presents new ways of looking at the ... More


The Second Decade of Transition

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288915
eISBN:
9780191603518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288917.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the main changes in the agricultural economy and policies that took place after the first decade of transition. It discusses the main developments in Central and Eastern Europe, ... More


Regional Poverty and Income Inequality in Central and Eastern Europe: Evidence from the Luxembourg Income Study

Ravi Kanbur and Anthony J. Venables

in Spatial Inequality and Development

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199278633
eISBN:
9780191602191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278636.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The authors report levels of income inequality and poverty in four Central and Eastern European countries: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Russia. Unlike many previous studies that examine ... More


Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action

Alain de Janvry, Gustavo Gordillo, Elisabeth Sadoulet, and Jean-Philippe Platteau (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242177
eISBN:
9780191697036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242177.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The way jurisdiction over land is distributed among members of a community has a powerful influence over how efficiently land is used, the incidence of poverty, and the level of inequality in the ... More


The Transition Mortality Crisis: Evidence, Interpretation and Policy Responses  

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Renato Paniccià

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The study focuses on the behavior of mortality rates of fourteen countries in Eastern and Central Europe during the transition period. Mortality rates differ from country to country: the Czech ... More


Fighting Unemployment and Stress: Labour Market Policies in Central and Eastern Europe

Alena Nesporova

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this chapter, the authors examine the changes in the labour sector of the subject-countries during the transition period. The effects of these changes can result in either full employment or ... More


Structural and Institutional Factors in the Transition to the Market Economy: An Overview

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Vladimir Popov (eds)

in Transition and Institutions: The Experience of Gradual and Late Reformers

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242184
eISBN:
9780191697043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242184.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The transition to the market economy has brought about a large and abrupt recession and significant increases in unemployment in most countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. This ... More


Recent History in Full: Was there a Lull before the Storm?

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter discusses the evolution of the distribution of earnings in recent decades in the US, Canada, and eastern and western Europe. The data show that the late 1960s and 1970s were a period of ... More


Transition, Impoverishment, and Mortality: How Large an Impact?

Renato Paniccià

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with the relationship of the rapid rising of impoverishment which has affected a substantial number of the populations of Eastern and Central Europe in recent years. Poverty in the ... More


Communities, Private Sectors, and States

Tony Addison

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This concluding chapter focuses on rebuilding communities, emphasizing the importance of resettlement and access to natural capital. It argues that although a revitalized private sector is essential ... More


Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Johan Swinnen and Kristine Van Herck

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter provides an overview of the past and expected developments of food security and socio-political stability within the region, and the potential role the region may play in meeting global ... More


Privatization and Economic Strategy in Mozambique

Carlos Castel-Branco, Christopher Cramer, and Degol Hailu

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter assesses Mozambique's privatization programme. It begins by outlining why the state intervened in the economy, highlighting both ‘defensive’ and ‘offensive’ motives. It then examines the ... More


How Does My Country Grow?: Economic Advice Through Story-Telling

Brian Pinto

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198714675
eISBN:
9780191782978
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714675.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book distils growth policy lessons from live country stories by a former World Bank economist. The period covered is 1990–2008, encompassing the transition to a market economy in Central and ... More


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