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Probability and Decision Theory

Juan Comesaña

in Being Rational and Being Right

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198847717
eISBN:
9780191882388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847717.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the mathematics of probability and decision theory. The probability calculus is introduced in both a set-theoretic and a propositional context. Probability is also related to ... More


Probabilism, Assertion, and Higher-Order Vagueness

Andrew Bacon

in Vagueness and Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198712060
eISBN:
9780191780264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712060.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Hartry Field has recently suggested that a non-standard probability calculus better represents our beliefs about vague matters. His theory has two notable features: (i) that your attitude to P when ... More


Why Does Rationality Matter?

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Value of Rationality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198802693
eISBN:
9780191841972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802693.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Internalism implies that rationality requires nothing more than what in the broadest sense counts as ‘coherence’. The earlier chapters of this book argue that rationality is in a strong sense ... More


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