Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 123 items for:

  • Keywords: AIDS x
  • Public Health and Epidemiology x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Cancer Incidence and Mortality in England and Wales: Trends and Risk Factors

Anthony Swerdlow, Isabel Dos Santos Silva, and Richard Doll

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192627483
eISBN:
9780191723698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192627483.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cancer causes a quarter of all deaths in England and Wales. There is great professional and public interest in cancer trends, but no satisfactory source to which to turn to find information about ... More


Unbridled enthusiasm

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1991 commentary on restrictions on new treatments. The Kefauver-Harris Amendments to the US, Food and Drug Cosmetics Act in 1962 spelled out unprecedented requirements for ... More


Achieving Access: Professional Movements and the Politics of Health Universalism

Joseph Harris

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709968
eISBN:
9781501714832
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709968.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Why do resource-constrained countries make costly commitments to universal health coverage and AIDS treatment after transitioning to democracy? At a time when the world’s wealthiest nations struggle ... More


View 4: The Responsibility Not to Turn Away

Chris Desmond

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses the responsibilities of different levels of society—intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), foreign and domestic governments, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), communities, ... More


Betinho: Celebration of a Life in Brazil

Jane Galvão

in The Practice of International Health: A Case-Based Orientation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195310276
eISBN:
9780199865369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310276.003.12
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a tribute to Herbert de Souza, known to most simply as “Betinho”—well known in Brazil for his efforts to address the prevention and treatment of HIV and AIDS. Betinho founded ... More


30 Years and Counting: The Story of AIDS in the Gay Community

Perry N. Halkitis

in The AIDS Generation: Stories of Survival and Resilience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199944972
eISBN:
9780199352470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944972.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a historical and epidemiological background of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, as it has manifested itself over the last three decades and continues to disproportionately affect gay men ... More


Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Jody Heymann, Lorraine Sherr, and Rachel Kidman (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Each year, over a quarter of a million children die of AIDS. Another 2 million children currently live with HIV, most in sub-Saharan Africa. Millions more are affected when AIDS enters their families ... More


Meeting the Essential Needs of All Children

Jody Heymann, Lorraine Sherr, and Rachel Kidman

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides figures on the scale of the problem of children affected by AIDS. It details the impact on children infected and affected by the disease, and describes the different ways in ... More


The Central Role of Families in the Lives of Children Affected by AIDS

Linda M Richter

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that families, rather than individual children, need to be the targets for efforts to mitigate the effects of HIV and AIDS on children. First, families in all their diversity have ... More


Strength Under Duress: Community Responses to Children’s Needs

Geoff Foster, Nathan Nshakira, and Nigel Taylor

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the role of communities in the support of orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) in the context of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. To the extent to which they are capable, communities ... More


Early Childhood: The Building Base for the Future

Patrice L Engle

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines interventions for children aged 0-5 who are affected directly and indirectly by HIV/AIDS. The contribution uses a child development framework to assess the specific ... More


Education in a Pandemic: The Needs of School-aged Children

Xiaoming Li and Yan Guo

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Children’s life chances are dramatically shaped by the extent to which they succeed in school. Because of this, it is crucial for programs to be able to support the successful school entry of ... More


Healthy Minds: Psychosocial Interventions for School-aged Children Affected by HIV/AIDS

Lucie D Cluver, Malega C Kganakga, Mark E Boyes, and Mihyung Park

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on interventions that foster social integration, reduce psychosocial problems, and promote resilience among school-aged children affected by HIV/AIDS. The chapter discusses the ... More


Transition Into Adulthood: The Changing Needs of Youth

Simona Bignami-Van Assche and Vinod Mishra

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the unique needs and vulnerabilities of youth in the context of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. It reviews available actions and interventions to tackle these problems, with a focus on ... More


Effective HIV Prevention and Treatment for Pregnant Mothers and Their Children

Hoosen M Coovadia and Marie-Louise Newell

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the unique HIV/AIDS transmission patterns, progression of disease, and treatment constraints in young children that require prevention and treatment options tailored to this ... More


Breaking the Cycle: Challenges and Solutions in Pediatric HIV Policy

Liezl Smit, Angela Dramowski, Kevin Clarke, Janine Clayton, Annemadelein Scherer, Amy Slogrove, Happyson Musvosvi, Marina Rifkin, and Mark Cotton

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Vertically transmitted pediatric HIV, or mother-to-child transmission, is a preventable disease. In many developed countries, antiretroviral (ARV) drugs for vertical transmission prevention (VTP) ... More


Choices and Consequences: Should Resources Be Directed Toward AIDS-affected Children or Poor Families? Targeting Choices, Methods, and Evidence

Michelle Adato

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines whether social assistance programs should be targeted. It asks whether and who to target, and addresses the technical, ethical, and political questions involved in targeting ... More


Whose Responsibility Is It Anyway? Four Perspectives: View 1: Moving from Abrogation to Shared Responsibility

Douglas Webb

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses the nature and evolution of responsibility toward children affected by AIDS. It contains a short historical account of responses to the epidemic, including those of ... More


View 2: Responsibility, Accountability, and Government (In)Action

Agnes Binagwaho

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter analyzes the role that governments play in respecting, protecting, and fulfilling children’s rights in the context of HIV/AIDS in developing countries. It explores the potential and ... More


View 3: Children’s Rights and the Responsibility of All Stakeholders

Stefan E Germann, Stuart Kean, and Rachel Samuel

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter utilizes Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model of child development, which maps the relationships of the various stakeholders to the child, to determine who bears responsibility in the ... More


View: