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Possessed: Hypnotic Crimes, Corporate Fiction, and the Invention of Cinema

Stefan Andriopoulos

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226020549
eISBN:
9780226020570
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020570.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Silent cinema and contemporaneous literature explored themes of mesmerism, possession, and the ominous agency of corporate bodies that subsumed individual identities. At the same time, critics ... More


Introduction

Sydney A. Halpern

in Lesser Harms: The Morality of Risk in Medical Research

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226314518
eISBN:
9780226314532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314532.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Many depictions of clinical research appearing in American publications during the final third of the twentieth century are strikingly incompatible with the notion of morality. In the 1960s and ... More


The Origins of a Moral Logic of Risk

Sydney A. Halpern

in Lesser Harms: The Morality of Risk in Medical Research

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226314518
eISBN:
9780226314532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314532.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Medical research communities have longstanding traditions for handling the risks that human experiments entail. A cornerstone of these traditions is the logic of lesser harms, whereby hazardous ... More


Changing Attitudes

in Science for Sale: The Perils, Rewards, and Delusions of Campus Capitalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306254
eISBN:
9780226306261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306261.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter discusses the changing of attitude of researchers towards the commercialization of academic research in the U.S. It explains that it has become a norm for professors to sell their ... More


The Affect Effect: Dynamics of Emotion in Political Thinking and Behavior

George E. Marcus, W. Russell Neuman, and Michael MacKuen (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226574417
eISBN:
9780226574431
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226574431.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Passion and emotion run deep in politics, but researchers have only recently begun to study how they influence our political thinking. Contending that the long-standing neglect of such feelings has ... More


Gentlemen’s Disagreement: Alfred Kinsey, Lewis Terman, and the Sexual Politics of Smart Men

Peter Hegarty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226024448
eISBN:
9780226024615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226024615.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

What is the relationship between intelligence and sex? In recent decades, studies of the controversial histories of both intelligence testing and human sexuality in the United States have been ... More


// Positions

in Under Construction: Making Homeland Security at the Local Level

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226257433
eISBN:
9780226257457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226257457.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter, which discusses disciplinary politics related to the study of national security, and the implications of engagement for the discipline and authorial identity, considers the changing ... More


The Many Forms of Consent

Laura Stark

in Behind Closed Doors: IRBs and the Making of Ethical Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226770864
eISBN:
9780226770888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226770888.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the history of the forms of consents in the United States. It discusses the rules for proof of consent during the 1950s and 1960s and the opposition of National Institutes of ... More


The Agglomeration of U.S. Ethnic Inventors

William R. Kerr (ed.)

in Agglomeration Economics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226297897
eISBN:
9780226297927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226297927.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Econometric studies quantifying the role of ethnic scientists and engineers for technology formation and diffusion are often hampered by data constraints. It is very difficult to assemble sufficient ... More


The Diffusion of Scientific Knowledge across Time and Space: Evidence from Professional Transitions for the Superstars of Medicine

Pierre Azoulay, Joshua S. Graff Zivin, and Bhaven N. Sampat

in The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity Revisited

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226473031
eISBN:
9780226473062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226473062.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the consequences of academic mobility and the extent to which the movement of high-achieving faculty members affects both scientific and commercialization activities at their ... More


Toward Participatory Research on Homosexuality: Painter, Kinsey, and the Kinsey Institute, 1943–73

in Departing from Deviance: A History of Homosexual Rights and Emancipatory Science in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226530437
eISBN:
9780226304458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226304458.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In contrast with other gay and lesbian activist-researchers in the pre-Stonewall era, Painter was able to establish a relationship with a recognized sex researcher who fully supported his work. All ... More


Fingerprinting and Probability

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates why latent fingerprint comparisons have thus far proved intractable to probabilistic analysis. It explains that forensic DNA researchers did not claim that DNA fingerprints ... More


Postmodern Tourism

in We'll Always Have Paris: American Tourists in France since 1930

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226473789
eISBN:
9780226473802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226473802.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

With the start of the new millennium, France maintained a massive lead over all other countries as the world's top tourist destination. In 2000, it attracted almost 3 million Americans, placing it ... More


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