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Schooling Selves: Autonomy, Interdependence, and Reform in Japanese Junior High Education

Peter Cave

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226367729
eISBN:
9780226368054
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226368054.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Early Childhood and Elementary Education

This book is an ethnography of lower secondary education in contemporary Japan, exploring the competing demands of autonomy, group socialization, and control in junior high school. It is based on ... More


Postmortem on NFIB v. Sebelius: Early Reflections on the Decision That Kept the ACA Alive

Carter G. Phillips and Stephanie P. Hales

in The Future of Healthcare Reform In the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226254951
eISBN:
9780226255002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226255002.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter discusses the Supreme Court's decision in NFIB v. Sebelius and its implications for health care reform and Congress's use of Commerce clause and taxing power authority. The chapter ... More


Federalism, Liberty, and Risk in NFIB v. Sebelius

Aziz Z. Huq

in The Future of Healthcare Reform In the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226254951
eISBN:
9780226255002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226255002.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter offers an account of how NFIB v. Sebelius fits into the constitutional tradition. The opinion rests on three central questions: (1) Is imposition of the individual mandate within ... More


The Future of Healthcare Reform Remains in Federal Court

Jonathan H. Adler

in The Future of Healthcare Reform In the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226254951
eISBN:
9780226255002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226255002.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter outlines how litigation in federal court will affect the implementation and viability of the Affordable Care Act (PPACA). The ACA's statutory language and administrative fixes complicate ... More


Introduction

Anup Malani and Michael H. Schill

in The Future of Healthcare Reform In the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226254951
eISBN:
9780226255002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226255002.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The introduction to this multi-author volume describes the provisions of the Affordable Care Act, particularly Medicare expansion and the individual mandate. It describes the controversy over the ... More


Introduction

in Lincoln's Constitution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226237930
eISBN:
9780226237954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226237954.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

The Civil War experience illuminates the deepest, most critical constitutional issues. The extraordinary circumstances of the war have never been repeated. But American history has time and again ... More


When Someone's Eden Becomes Another's Purgatory

Andreas Glaeser

in Political Epistemics: The Secret Police, the Opposition, and the End of East German Socialism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226297934
eISBN:
9780226297958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226297958.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter focuses on the trajectories from school experiences up to the moment when people in socialist East Germany began to form discussion circles while trying to organize critically engaging ... More


Subindividual Variability as an Individual Property: The Haldane-Roy conjecture is verified and extended: individual plants have not only their characteristic means, but also their characteristic standard deviations and characteristic spatial patterns of within-plant variation.

Carlos M. Herrera

in Multiplicity in Unity: Plant Subindividual Variation and Interactions with Animals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226327938
eISBN:
9780226327952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226327952.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter articulates subindividual variability as an individual property in the format of the Haldane-Roy conjecture that describes within-plant variability in organ characteristics denoting a ... More


The Patronage of Medieval Learning

John Willinsky

in The Intellectual Properties of Learning: A Prehistory from Saint Jerome to John Locke

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226487922
eISBN:
9780226488080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226488080.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter sets out the terms of patronage and sponsorship for medieval monasticism, which involved elaborate rituals on the part of nobility in bequeathing land and other resources to fund a ... More


Giving Styles

Peter Frumkin (ed.)

in Strategic Giving: The Art and Science of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226266268
eISBN:
9780226266282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226266282.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter focuses on the giving styles of individual donors in the U.S. It explains that the history of American philanthropy is full of colorful characters including religiously motivated ... More


Fitness, Adaptation, and Survival:: The Role of Socio-Anthropic Characteristics, Personality, and Intelligence in Work Behavior

Timothy A. Judge and Robert Hogan

in The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226127156
eISBN:
9780226127293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226127293.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines four evolutionary themes which are relevant to today's workplace: humans evolved in groups, groups are involved in constant warfare, every group has a status hierarchy, and ... More


Liberal Fragments

Eric T. Freyfogle

in Our Oldest Task: Making Sense of Our Place in Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226326399
eISBN:
9780226326429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226326429.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter explores the dominant moral frames embraced in the United States and similar cultures, frames that recognize moral value in humans alone among species (human exceptionalism), that ... More


The Path Ahead

Eric T. Freyfogle

in Our Oldest Task: Making Sense of Our Place in Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226326399
eISBN:
9780226326429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226326429.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This final chapter begins by reflecting on historian Daniel Rodgers’s The Age of Fracture, an inquiry in the many ways recent American society seemed to fragment, socially, politically, and ... More


Individuals, Autonomy, and Society in Japanese Education

Peter Cave

in Schooling Selves: Autonomy, Interdependence, and Reform in Japanese Junior High Education

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226367729
eISBN:
9780226368054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226368054.003.0002
Subject:
Education, Early Childhood and Elementary Education

This chapter outlines the motivations for reform of school education in contemporary Japan. These arose from concerns that children were under excessive academic pressure and that they were lacking ... More


Our Modest Unity: Rights, Inclusion, and Dissent

John D. Inazu

in Confident Pluralism: Surviving and Thriving through Deep Difference

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226365459
eISBN:
9780226365596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226365596.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Chapter 1 begins with the modest unity that allows us to coexist in political community rather than in anarchy. One reason that Confident Pluralism is possible is that we retain some minimal ... More


Doctors and Demonstrators: How Political Institutions Shape Abortion Law in the United States, Britain, and Canada

Drew Halfmann

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226313429
eISBN:
9780226313443
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226313443.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Since Roe v. Wade, abortion has continued to be a divisive political issue in the United States. In contrast, it has remained primarily a medical issue in Britain and Canada despite the countries’ ... More


Social Justice for “These Kids”

Kysa Nygreen

in These Kids: Identity, Agency, and Social Justice at a Last Chance High School

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226031422
eISBN:
9780226031736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226031736.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Secondary Education

This chapter reflects on the book's key arguments and considers their implications for educators who wish to advance social justice for all students. It explores the logic and limits of current ... More


Individual Variation and Selection on Hormone-Mediated Phenotypes in Male and Female Dark-Eyed Juncos

Kristal Cain, Jodie M. Jawor, and Joel W. McGlothlin

in Snowbird: Integrative Biology and Evolutionary Diversity in the Junco

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330778
eISBN:
9780226330808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330808.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Much of our knowledge of hormones and life histories in animals derives from experimental studies. Complementing experiments with studies of natural (co)variation in hormones and hormone-mediated ... More


Diving Deeper into Mechanism: Individual and Sex Differences in Testosterone Production, Sensitivity, and Genomic Responses

Kimberly A. Rosvall, Christine M. Bergeon Burns, and Mark P. Peterson

in Snowbird: Integrative Biology and Evolutionary Diversity in the Junco

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330778
eISBN:
9780226330808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330808.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

If we are to understand how hormone-mediated traits evolve, we need to examine the mechanisms underlying individual and sex differences in hormones and their effect on physiology, behavior, and ... More


A Physiological View of Population Divergence: Comparing Hormone Production and Response Mechanisms

Christine M. Bergeon Burns and Kimberly A. Rosvall

in Snowbird: Integrative Biology and Evolutionary Diversity in the Junco

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330778
eISBN:
9780226330808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330808.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Coordinated expression of multiple traits by a hormone can promote an integrated phenotype. Such phenotypic integration can be adaptive if the traits mediated by hormones are most adaptive when ... More


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