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Romanticism and Nationalism in Central and Eastern Europe

Ivan T. Berend

in History Derailed: Central and Eastern Europe in the Long Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520232990
eISBN:
9780520932098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232990.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes romanticism, which came from Western Europe via Germany and brought the Western European zeitgeist of freedom and nationalism. Romanticism was primarily responsible for ... More


Social Changes: “Dual” and “Incomplete” Societies

Ivan T. Berend

in History Derailed: Central and Eastern Europe in the Long Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520232990
eISBN:
9780520932098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232990.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the social changes in Central and Eastern Europe. “Dual” and “incomplete” societies represented both the dominant traditional characteristics and the new elements of a rather ... More


The Challenge of the Rising West and the Lack of Response in the “Sleeping” East

Ivan T. Berend

in History Derailed: Central and Eastern Europe in the Long Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520232990
eISBN:
9780520932098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232990.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter takes a longue durée approach that embraces an even longer period by comparing the different historical paths of Western and Central and Eastern Europe from the sixteenth to the early ... More


Economic Modernization in the Half Century before World War I

Ivan T. Berend

in History Derailed: Central and Eastern Europe in the Long Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520232990
eISBN:
9780520932098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232990.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter addresses the economic modernization of Central and Eastern Europe. Central and Eastern Europe became a part of a “globalized” European economic system. Free trade, an internationalized ... More


The Political System: Democratization versus Authoritarian Nationalism

Ivan T. Berend

in History Derailed: Central and Eastern Europe in the Long Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520232990
eISBN:
9780520932098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232990.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter illustrates that arising out of the region's legacy of autocratic regimes, authoritarian systems became the rule in Central and Eastern Europe. Fundamental nationalism penetrated ... More


The Second Serfdom in Eastern Europe and Latin America

Eric R. Wolf

in Pathways of Power: Building an Anthropology of the Modern World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520223332
eISBN:
9780520924871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223332.003.0021
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This chapter draws comparisons between “the really existing socialisms” and “the really existing capitalisms” by two peripheries, Eastern Europe and Latin America, and aims at providing some of the ... More


Uprisings and Reforms: The Struggle for Independence and Modernization

Ivan T. Berend

in History Derailed: Central and Eastern Europe in the Long Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520232990
eISBN:
9780520932098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232990.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses how the agitated cultural and political elite played a central role in the creation of romantic nationalism, an ideology that generated heroic struggles for independence all ... More


The Gaon of Vilna: The Man and His Image

Immanuel Etkes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223943
eISBN:
9780520925076
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223943.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

A legendary figure in his own lifetime, Rabbi Eliahu ben Shlomo Zalman (1720–1797) was known as the “Gaon of Vilna”. He was the acknowledged master of Talmudic studies in the vibrant intellectual ... More


Introduction: The Emerging West as an Ideal and Model for the East

Ivan T. Berend

in History Derailed: Central and Eastern Europe in the Long Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520232990
eISBN:
9780520932098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232990.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the Central and Eastern European elite, national prophet-poets, intellectuals, and enlightened aristocrats, looked to the West with the greatest ... More


History Derailed: Central and Eastern Europe in the Long Nineteenth Century

Ivan Berend

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520232990
eISBN:
9780520932098
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232990.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book's attention is on the turbulent centuries before the twentieth century in Eastern Europe. The “long” nineteenth century, extending up to World War I, contained the seeds of developments and ... More


Mastering Oil

Gholam R. Afkhami

in The Life and Times of the Shah

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253285
eISBN:
9780520942165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253285.003.0012
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The Consortium settlement in 1954 was a defeat for Iran. The Consortium received all the operational fields and territory previously conceded to AIOC. For the shah, moving beyond the Consortium was ... More


Language in Time of Revolution

Benjamin Harshav

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520079588
eISBN:
9780520912960
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520079588.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book on culture and consciousness in history concerns the worldwide transformations of Jewish culture and society, and the revival of the ancient Hebrew language following the waves of pogroms ... More


The Jews of Britain, 1656 to 2000

Todd Endelman

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520227194
eISBN:
9780520935662
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520227194.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The history of British Jewry in the modern period is characterized in this book by a curious mixture of prominence and inconspicuousness. British Jews have been central to the unfolding of key ... More


National Ideology Under Socialism: Identity and Cultural Politics in Ceausescu's Romania

Katherine Verdery

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520072169
eISBN:
9780520917286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520072169.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

The current transformation of many Eastern European societies is impossible to understand without comprehending the intellectual struggles surrounding nationalism in the region. This book shows how ... More


The Minsk Ghetto 1941-1943: Jewish Resistance and Soviet Internationalism

Barbara Epstein

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242425
eISBN:
9780520931336
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242425.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Drawing from engrossing survivors' accounts, many never before published, this book recounts a heroic yet little-known chapter in Holocaust history. The book chronicles the history of a Communist-led ... More


Death and the Nation: Ritual Murder as Political Discourse in the Czech Lands

Hillel J. Kieval

in Languages of Community: The Jewish Experience in the Czech Lands

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520214101
eISBN:
9780520921160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520214101.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the radicalization of political discourse in the 1890s and its obsession with the metaphor of ritual murder. It argues that the rhetoric of ritual murder not only echoed widely ... More


Epilogue East: Bartók's Difficult Truths and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956

Danielle Fosler-Lussier

in Music Divided: Bartok's Legacy in Cold War Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520249653
eISBN:
9780520933392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249653.003.0007
Subject:
Music, History, Western

As the 1950s wore on, Hungarian listeners came to associate Bartók's most difficult music with the idea of political freedom. This was a striking rehabilitation of modernism which challenged the ... More


Beyond the Folk Song: Or, What Was Hungarian Socialist Realist Music?

Danielle Fosler-Lussier

in Music Divided: Bartok's Legacy in Cold War Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520249653
eISBN:
9780520933392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249653.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The Eastern European effort to define folk song as essential to musical value seemed monolithic and unilateral from the Western perspective. However, this chapter shows that Eastern discussions about ... More


Faith Interpreted as Madness: Religion, Poverty, and Psychiatry in the Life of a Romanian Woman

Jack R. Friedman

in Our Most Troubling Madness: Case Studies in Schizophrenia Across Cultures

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520291089
eISBN:
9780520964945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291089.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Alexandria is a poor Romanian woman who obtains solace and support from a community of evangelical Christians. Alexandria lives with delusional guilt that she is responsible for many evil crimes. ... More


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