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Internal Revolutions: The Hicksite Schism and Its Consequences

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the causes and ramifications of the 1827–1828 Hicksite-Orthodox split among Friends, arguing that theological and personality differences sparked the divide. In the 1820s, ... More


Finding a Path of Virtue in a Revolutionary World

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines how Friends' pacifism during the American Revolution, coupled with their decision to end slaveholding, led white Virginians to suspect Friends' patriotism. Following the example ... More


Friends Come to Northern Virginia

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explains why Pennsylvania Friends' settled in northern Virginia after 1730: to obtain cheap land that they believed necessary to maintain their religious households and ensure the ... More


Strengthening the Bonds of Fellowship: The Domestic and Public Lives of Quaker Women

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 6 considers the impact of western movement on northern Virginia's Quaker women. Migration disrupted economic bonds forged by Quaker merchants and farmers and produced a growing gender ... More


A “Nest of Abolitionists”: Antislavery Goals and Southern Identities

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines Quaker antislavery after 1830, arguing that Friends' activism was constrained by the white community's growing intolerance of dissent and by Friends' economic and cultural ... More


Embracing “the Oppressor as Well as the Oppressed”: Quaker Antislavery before 1830

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 4 explores northern Virginia Friends' antislavery efforts before 1830 and the reasons they adopted deferential and gradualist tactics, including colonization. Friends condemned slavery ... More


“The Union Forever”: Northern Virginia Quakers in the Civil War

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 8 examines the experience of northern Virginia's Friends during the Civil War. Friends faced arrest, conscription, and imprisonment from hostile Confederate forces and confiscation of their ... More


The “Worldly Cares and Business” of Friends

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 3 explores the way in which Quaker business ethics and success, and Friends' economic contributions to the regional economy, their civic concerns, and social respectability enabled them ... More


Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

A. Glenn Crothers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book explores the experience of the Society of Friends (Quakers) in northern Virginia between the 1730s and 1865. The spiritual convictions of this religious minority, particularly the belief in ... More


Introduction

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

George Walton, captain of a merchant ship from Perquimans County, North Carolina, who had only recently joined the Quakers, had a long, complex, and vivid dream during the night of 17 December 1772. ... More


Prologue: Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The prologue introduces Samuel M. Janney, Quaker minister, educator, historian, and antislavery activist. His 1849 arrest by a Loudoun County, Virginia, grand jury for inciting slave revolt ... More


Epilogue: Conflicting Paths of Virtue in Nineteenth-Century America

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The epilogue briefly traces Friends' post-Civil War efforts to aid freedpeople and Native Americans in Nebraska. More important, it raises broad philosophical questions about the issue of means and ... More


1797: A Bill to Thwart Quaker Manumissions

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0024
Subject:
History, African-American History

In January 1797, Thomas Jordan, clerk of the Standing Committee of the Eastern Quarter of the North Carolina Yearly Meeting, sent a printed copy of a bill that had been proposed in the North Carolina ... More


1798: The Society of Friends Reacts to the House's Rejection of Its Memorial

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0029
Subject:
History, African-American History

The chapter presents the minutes of the Pennsylvania Yearly Meeting for Sufferings held on 16 February 1798. The minutes said that the memorial “issued in a Conclusion of the United States ... More


1772–1773: George Walton's Accounts of Two Dreams

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

George Walton seems to have used dreams to help make or confirm life-altering decisions. Such a practice was characteristic of Quakers in particular in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth ... More


Simplicity, Equality, and Slavery: An Archaeology of Quakerism in the British Virgin Islands, 1740-1780

John M. Chenoweth

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781683400110
eISBN:
9781683400288
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400110.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

How do both a religious community and a religion change when their members must face contradictions between their ideals and the society in which they live? This question is answered here by using ... More


Introduction: “In the Bowels of Our Lord”

John M. Chenoweth

in Simplicity, Equality, and Slavery: An Archaeology of Quakerism in the British Virgin Islands, 1740-1780

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781683400110
eISBN:
9781683400288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400110.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This introductory chapter sketches the questions and goals of the overall project and the needed background information about Quakerism. It introduces the Tortola Monthly Meeting of the Religious ... More


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