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Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

A. David Redish and Joshua A. Gordon (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Psychiatry is at a crossroads. Faced with challenges of diagnosis and treatment, it must balance analyses at both neurological and psychological levels. Issues of comorbidity, treatment stability, ... More


Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Gerd Gigerenzer and J.A. Muir Gray (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Contrary to popular opinion, one of the main problems in providing uniformly excellent health care is not lack of money but lack of knowledge—on the part of both doctors and patients. The studies in ... More


The Bigger Picture: Integrated Multiscale Models

Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

in Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems: From Theory to Planning Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029568
eISBN:
9780262331371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Spatial structure is the result of locational decisions reflecting criteria operating at a variety of scales. Thus the CA land use model is augmented with a regionalized, spatial interaction based ... More


Creative Solutions to Overcoming Barriers in Treatment Utilization: An International Perspective

Wulf Rössler

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter addresses the determinants of help-seeking behavior and methodological issues related to the assessment of needs for care. Help-seeking behavior is affected by (a) prior personal ... More


What Is Necessary to Enhance Development and Utilization of Treatment?

Vera A. Morgan, Richard Keefe, René S. Kahn, Anil K. Malhotra, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Kim T. Mueser, Karoly Nikolich, Wulf Rössler, William Spaulding, Sharmili Sritharan, and Til Wykes

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter is framed by four perspectives. The first views schizophrenia as a heterogeneous disorder presenting differently across individuals. Heterogeneity has important implications for ... More


Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Steven M. Silverstein, Bita Moghaddam, and Til Wykes (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Despite major advances in methodology and thousands of published studies every year, treatment outcomes in schizophrenia have not improved over the last fifty years. Moreover, we still lack ... More


Breakdowns and Failure Modes: An Engineer’s View

A. David Redish and Joshua A. Gordon

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Psychiatry faces a number of challenges due largely to the complexity of the relationship between mind and brain. Starting from the now well-justified assumption that the mind is instantiated in the ... More


Schizophrenia: The Nature of the Problems and the Need for Evolution and Synthesis in Our Approaches

Steven M. Silverstein, Bita Moghaddam, and Til Wykes

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

What is schizophrenia? What are its causes? Can it be cured? Can it be prevented? These fundamental issues have confronted the field of schizophrenia research and treatment for over 100 years. Our ... More


What Dimensions of Heterogeneity Are Relevant for Treatment Outcome?

Leanne M. Williams and Chloe Gott

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Schizophrenia is a disorder, or a class of disorders, of cognition. Defining features include a loss of coordination in core perception, attention, memory, and executive functions together with the ... More


How Should Resilience Factors Be Incorporated in Treatment Development?

Peter B. Jones

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the definitions of resilience with respect to psychological disorder and to schizophrenia, in particular. Alternative meanings of resilience emphasize innate characteristics and ... More


Water Quality as a Component of a Sustainable Water Supply

Thomas P. Knepper and Thomas A. Ternes

in Linkages of Sustainability

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013581
eISBN:
9780262258845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013581.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter is concerned with issues relating to water quality. It suggests that the growing scarcity and contamination of water resources can be resolved through sustainable water management, ... More


Psychiatric Advance Directives and the Treatment of Committed Patients

Paul S. Appelbaum

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Advance directives have been one of the more promising innovations in recent years to give patients a greater voice in their psychiatric treatment. The author describes the clinical-legal ... More


Special and Differential Treatment for Developing Countries

Petros C. Mavroidis

in The Regulation of International Trade: GATT

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029841
eISBN:
9780262333894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029841.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on the special and differential treatment provision provided to developing countries. The enabling clause allows for beneficial treatment of developing countries as one of the ... More


Domestic Policies/National Treatment

Petros C. Mavroidis

in The Regulation of International Trade: GATT

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029841
eISBN:
9780262333894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029841.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter deals with the effect of domestic policies on trade as well as the national treatment requirement of all good no matter whether they originate from home or abroad. There is a review of ... More


What Will the Next Generation of Psychosocial Treatments Look Like?

Kim T. Mueser

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter defines psychosocial treatments for schizophrenia and discusses how conceptualizations of recovery, which emphasize meaning and purpose in life, have shaped the nature and delivery of ... More


Introduction: What Is Addiction?

Don Ross and Harold Kincaid

in What Is Addiction?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513111
eISBN:
9780262288248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book explores the causal influences and key aspects of addiction. It shows that addiction is multifactoral, but the chapters differ in how far any particular influence can succeed in explaining ... More


Addiction: A Latent Property of the Dynamics of Choice

Gene M. Heyman

in What Is Addiction?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513111
eISBN:
9780262288248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter takes the same natural science approach to addiction that has proven useful in the physical sciences, and shows that clinic addicts are much less likely to stop using drugs than ... More


Addiction and Altruism

Howard Rachlin

in What Is Addiction?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513111
eISBN:
9780262288248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter, which distinguishes between altruism and social cooperation in terms of repeated games, discusses altruism as really social cooperation over a wide temporal extent. It defines more ... More


Ethical Issues Concerning Transgenic Animals in Biomedical Research

David B. Resnik

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter explores the scientific objection that we should curtail or stop using animals in research because animal species are often not good models for human physiology, pathology, toxicology, ... More


Understanding Negative Biases Promotes Autonomy in Depression

Paul Biegler

in The Ethical Treatment of Depression: Autonomy through Psychotherapy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015493
eISBN:
9780262295628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015493.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on how the impairment of autonomy in depressed patients can be addressed by two validated treatments, namely, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and antidepressant medication ... More


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