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A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Peter Zachar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

In psychiatry, almost no one questions the legitimacy of asking whether a given psychiatric disorder is real. Similarly, in psychology, scholars debate the reality of such theoretical entities as ... More


Disclosing the World: On the Phenomenology of Language

Andrew Inkpin

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262033916
eISBN:
9780262333955
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033916.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book examines the disclosive function of language—what language does in revealing or disclosing the world. It takes a phenomenological approach to this question, defined by the need to accord ... More


Types and Tokens: On Abstract Objects

Linda Wetzel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013017
eISBN:
9780262259279
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013017.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There is a widely recognized but infrequently discussed distinction between the spatiotemporal furniture of the world (tokens) and the types of which they are instances. Words come in both types and ... More


Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology

Terence E. Horgan and Matjaž Potrč

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083768
eISBN:
9780262275682
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083768.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book describes and defends an ontological-cum-semantic position, asserting that the right ontology is minimal or austere, in that it excludes numerous common-sense posits, and that statements ... More


What Is an Ontology?

Robert Arp, Barry Smith, and Andrew D. Spear

in Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262527811
eISBN:
9780262329583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262527811.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Words, pictures, theories, and ideas are representations. We use them primarily in order to represent entities in reality and sometimes also in other ways. An ontology is made out of multiple ... More


Principles of Best Practice I: Domain Ontology Design

Robert Arp, Barry Smith, and Andrew D. Spear

in Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262527811
eISBN:
9780262329583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262527811.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

We introduce four ontology design principles: realism, perspectivalism, fallibilism, and adequatism. Realism is the view that reality exists independently of our ways of representing it. ... More


Introduction

Terry Horgan and Matjaž Potrč

in Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083768
eISBN:
9780262275682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083768.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book is primarily concerned with the concept of austere realism, specifically a version of it referred to as blobjectivism. Austere realism claims that the right ontology is austere in the sense ... More


Green Realism: Limits, Linkages, and Outcomes

Graham Bullock

in Green Grades: Can Information Save the Earth?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036429
eISBN:
9780262340984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036429.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Chapter 7 synthesizes the results from the previous chapters in a discussion of the idea of information realism and its cousin, green realism. It acknowledges the valid points that the optimist and ... More


Natural Kinds and Biological Realisms

Michael Devitt

in Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses issues regarding realism, specifically the realism issues in biology. The discussion starts with an issue that arises from the debate between “species monists” who argue that ... More


Simple Realism: The Naive Approach to Truth and Ontology

Terry Horgan and Matjaž Potrč

in Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083768
eISBN:
9780262275682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083768.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the position referred to as simple commonsense metaphysical realism—one that initially puts common sense naturally at odds with austere realism regarding what exists and what ... More


Contextual Semantics: Truth as Indirect Correspondence

Terry Horgan and Matjaž Potrč

in Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083768
eISBN:
9780262275682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083768.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on reflective commonsensical reasoning and argues that reflective common sense leads the way toward a refined commonsense metaphysical realism, to be put in lieu of the naive ... More


The Content-Determinacy Challenges

Karen Neander

in A Mark of the Mental: In Defense of Informational Teleosemantics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036146
eISBN:
9780262339865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036146.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter, the author begins developing the details of the causal-informational version of teleosemantics (CT) for (nonconceptual) sensory-perceptual representation. She also lists six ... More


Realism, Antirealism, Relationism

M. Chirimuuta

in Outside Color: Perceptual Science and the Puzzle of Color in Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029087
eISBN:
9780262327435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029087.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the solutions to the problem of color ontology which have been proposed within recent analytic philosophy. It presents three main genera of colour ontologies: realism (e.g. ... More


Perceptual Pragmatism

M. Chirimuuta

in Outside Color: Perceptual Science and the Puzzle of Color in Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029087
eISBN:
9780262327435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029087.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers whether there can be any such thing as a naturalized metaphysics of color—a straightforward distillation of the ontological commitments of vision science. The first part of the ... More


The Concept of Mind

Galen Strawson

in Mental Reality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513104
eISBN:
9780262259224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513104.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book has presented an account of the nature and philosophy of mind by accepting commonsense experiential realism outright as well as “intentional realism” while rejecting neobehaviorism. It has ... More


Interface as Utopia

Michael F. Leruth

in Fred Forest's Utopia: Media Art and Activism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036498
eISBN:
9780262339926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036498.003.0005
Subject:
Art, Visual Culture

The Conclusion looks more closely at the utopian thread that runs through Forest’s artistic practice beginning with an overview of his lifelong preoccupation with immaterial forms of territoriality ... More


Austere Realism: Overcoming Simple Realism’s Problems

Terry Horgan and Matjaž Potrč

in Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083768
eISBN:
9780262275682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083768.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter continues with the synthesis stage in the dialectic of reflective common sense as started in the previous chapter. It sets forth the theses of austere realism in a way that draws ... More


Betting on the Blobject: The Choice among Austere Ontologies

Terry Horgan and Matjaž Potrč

in Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083768
eISBN:
9780262275682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083768.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The goal of this chapter is to show that the blobjectivist position is, in fact, a type of austere realism. It begins by presenting some initial methodological remarks, and then follows the ... More


The Evolution of Prosocial Religions

Edward Slingerland, Joseph Henrich, and Ara Norenzayan

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Building on foundations from the cognitive science of religion, this chapter synthesizes theoretical insights and empirical evidence concerning the processes by which cultural evolutionary processes ... More


Is Narcissistic Personality Disorder Real?

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines the diagnosis of personality disorder in general and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) in particular. After reviewing the history of the construct of NPD, the reasons why ... More


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