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The Syntactic Representation of Scope

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses the representation of quantifier scope and its general assumptions. It takes the scope of quantifiers to be represented syntactically by the presence of determiner phrase (DP) ... More


NEG Raising from Scope Positions

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter focuses on the assumption that the negative polarity item (NPI) phrase occupies a scope position as well as the object position, suggesting that NEG raising takes place only from the ... More


Principle C Phenomena

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Imposters: A Study of Pronominal Agreement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016889
eISBN:
9780262301633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016889.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

Imposters can antecede either third person or non-third person pronominals. For lexical determiner phrases (DPs), the values are inherent and independent of matching the feature values of other DPs. ... More


Irreplaceable Pronominals

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Imposters: A Study of Pronominal Agreement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016889
eISBN:
9780262301633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016889.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

An imposter or camouflage determiner phrase having the same ultimate antecedent may replace the grammatical instance of a pronominal without loss of grammaticality. Many pronominals cannot be ... More


Crosslinguistic Variation in Pronominal Agreement

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Imposters: A Study of Pronominal Agreement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016889
eISBN:
9780262301633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016889.003.0019
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter reviews some crosslinguistic evidence that shows how pronominals agree with imposters. It suggests that languages divide into two groups depending on how pronominal agreement with ... More


Conclusion

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Imposters: A Study of Pronominal Agreement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016889
eISBN:
9780262301633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016889.003.0020
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

It has been assumed that a pronominal agrees with its antecedent, but this book has shown that determining pronominal φ-feature values is actually a complex issue involving a number of different ... More


Notional versus Syntactic Views of Imposters

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Imposters: A Study of Pronominal Agreement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016889
eISBN:
9780262301633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016889.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

There are two competing views to explain imposters: the notional view and the syntactic view. According to the notional view, imposters are just regular third person determiner phrases (DPs) as far ... More


The Semantic Interpretation and Syntactic Distribution of Determiner Phrases in Spanish-English Codeswitching

Monica Moro Quintanilla

in Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262027892
eISBN:
9780262320351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027892.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This article offers a minimalist account of determiner phrases in Spanish-English codeswitching data. The minimalist approach to codeswitching developed by MacSwan is selected on conceptual grounds ... More


Polyadic Quantification

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter focuses on polyadic quantification, which exists when n-tuples (n > 1) of determiner phrases (DPs) yield a single quantifier interpreted as quantifying over n-tuples of individuals. It ... More


Negation and Polarity

Mark Steedman

in Taking Scope: The Natural Semantics of Quantifiers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017077
eISBN:
9780262301404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017077.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Negation gives rise to complex issues of syntactic polarity marking and directionality of monotone inference, and forces certain decisions in the semantics. Polarity is of great practical importance ... More


Imposters: A Study of Pronominal Agreement

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016889
eISBN:
9780262301633
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016889.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

Normally, a speaker uses a first person singular pronoun (in English, I, me, mine, myself) to refer to himself or herself. To refer to a single addressee, a speaker uses second person pronouns (you, ... More


Confounding Cases: Strict NPIs and Scope

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter focuses on the scope of strict negative polarity items (NPIs). It first considers scope issues concerning nonfinite complement clauses, with particular emphasis on similar pairs with ... More


Strict NPIs and Locality

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter addresses the commonly suggested semantic condition that a strict negative polarity item (NPI) occurs in the scope of an antiadditive operator, arguing that it is not sufficient to ... More


Horn Clauses: Negative Inversion

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter examines Horn clauses in relation to Negative Inversion. It first considers the properties of the Negative Inversion focus and the Negative Inversion Condition (first and second ... More


Conclusion

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0020
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This concluding chapter reviews some of the more general theoretical implications of the argument presented in this book with regard to Classical NEG Raising (NR). It first considers the two types of ... More


Some Preliminary Comparative Remarks on French and Italian Definite Articles

Richard S. Kayne

in Foundational Issues in Linguistic Theory: Essays in Honor of Jean-Roger Vergnaud

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062787
eISBN:
9780262273152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062787.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter examines parametric variation within the nominal domain and shows that crosslinguistic variation across a variety of nominal constructions can be linked to a single parameter: the ... More


Conclusion

Mark Steedman

in Taking Scope: The Natural Semantics of Quantifiers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017077
eISBN:
9780262301404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017077.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book has suggested that the only quantifier determiners in English with interpretations corresponding to generalized quantifiers are those which give rise to dependency-inducing scope inversion, ... More


Epithets

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Imposters: A Study of Pronominal Agreement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016889
eISBN:
9780262301633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016889.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter compares imposters and camouflage determiner phrases (DPs) with epithets (for example, the fool and the idiot). The values of epithets are typically determined by their antecedents. And ... More


Homogeneity

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Imposters: A Study of Pronominal Agreement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016889
eISBN:
9780262301633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016889.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter examines homogeneity, a property of collections of pronominal occurrences related by antecedence. To illustrate homogeneity, it considers a sentence with two separate pronominals, each ... More


Sources

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Imposters: A Study of Pronominal Agreement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016889
eISBN:
9780262301633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016889.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter examines φ-feature value assignment to both agreeing pronominals and coordinate nodes in the context of principles that appeal to sources, which can be primary or secondary. The ... More


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