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Phenomenology and Beyond

Andrew Inkpin

in Disclosing the World: On the Phenomenology of Language

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262033916
eISBN:
9780262333955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033916.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers what kind of explanatory approach is best suited to complement a minimalist phenomenological conception of language. It argues that two more ambitious forms of phenomenology – ... More


The Decoded Couple: Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science

John Johnston

in The Allure of Machinic Life: Cybernetics, Artificial Life, and the New AI

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262101264
eISBN:
9780262276351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262101264.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter first uncovers what underlies a peculiar and problematic aspect of the relationship between artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive science, and then traverses in detail the ... More


The Measure of Madness: Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Delusional Thought

Philip Gerrans

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027557
eISBN:
9780262320979
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027557.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book offers a novel explanation of delusion. Over the last two decades, philosophers and cognitive scientists have investigated explanations of delusion that interweave philosophical questions ... More


Exograms and Interdisciplinarity: History, the Extended Mind, and the Civilizing Process

John Sutton

in The Extended Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014038
eISBN:
9780262266024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014038.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter aims to describe two compatible but distinct movements or “waves” within the literature of the extended mind hypothesis (EM) and to defend and illustrate the interdisciplinary ... More


The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience

Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262529365
eISBN:
9780262335492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529365.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This classic book, first published in 1991, was one of the first to propose the “embodied cognition” approach in cognitive science. It pioneered the connections between phenomenology and science and ... More


Expanding the Mind

Mark Rowlands

in The New Science of the Mind: From Extended Mind to Embodied Phenomenology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014557
eISBN:
9780262289733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014557.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses a new way of thinking about the mind that will bring forth a new “science of the mind.” This new way of thinking is not exactly “new;” it is an old way of thinking that has ... More


The Mark of the Cognitive

Mark Rowlands

in The New Science of the Mind: From Extended Mind to Embodied Phenomenology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014557
eISBN:
9780262289733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014557.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter aims to develop a criterion of cognition that determines whether a process counts as a cognitive one or not. The reason for developing this criterion is not because cognitive science ... More


A Fundamental Circularity: In the Mind of the Reflective Scientist

Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch

in The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262529365
eISBN:
9780262335492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529365.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes cognitive science. In its widest sense, the term cognitive science is used to indicate that the study of mind is in itself a worthy scientific pursuit. At this time, cognitive ... More


In Defense of Extended Functionalism

Michael Wheeler

in The Extended Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014038
eISBN:
9780262266024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014038.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter aims to clarify the relationship between the extended cognition hypothesis (ExC) and functionalism, and to defend extended functionalism against three of its strongest criticisms. ExC ... More


Cognitive Biology: The New Cognitive Sciences

Luca Tommasi, Lynn Nadel, and Mary A. Peterson

in Cognitive Biology: Evolutionary and Developmental Perspectives on Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012935
eISBN:
9780262255264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012935.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Cognitive science has undergone a transformation where many cognitive abilities have now been explored in a wide range of organisms. This introductory chapter presents a schematic portrait of the ... More


Representation in Extended Cognitive Systems: Does the Scaffolding of Language Extend the Mind?

Robert D. Rupert

in The Extended Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014038
eISBN:
9780262266024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014038.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a criticism of the “language-based inference,” an argument for the expansion of the mind that utilizes empirical observations about language and cognition. Cognitive science ... More


The Mind Embodied, Embedded, Enacted, and Extended

Mark Rowlands

in The New Science of the Mind: From Extended Mind to Embodied Phenomenology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014557
eISBN:
9780262289733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014557.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the implications of the theory of traditional cognitive science that contends that mental states and processes can be found exclusively inside the brain of any given subject. ... More


The Methodological Argument for Informational Teleosemantics

Karen Neander

in A Mark of the Mental: In Defense of Informational Teleosemantics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036146
eISBN:
9780262339865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036146.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Teleosemantic theories are diverse, but they all endorse the claim that semantic norms, to do with correct and incorrect representation, derive in part at least from functional norms, to do with ... More


Minds without Meanings: An Essay on the Content of Concepts

Jerry A. Fodor and Zenon W. Pylyshyn

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027908
eISBN:
9780262320320
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027908.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In cognitive science, conceptual content is frequently understood as the “meaning” of a mental representation. This position raises largely empirical questions about what concepts are, what form they ... More


Toward an Empirically Responsible Ethics: Cognitive Science, Virtue Ethics, and Effortless Attention in Early Chinese Thought

Edward Slingerland

in Effortless Attention: A New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013840
eISBN:
9780262269438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013840.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews how human reasoning and decision making evolves from the cognitive sciences, challenging basic assumptions of objectivism-rationalism along with ethical models based on reason. ... More


Selfless Minds

Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch

in The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262529365
eISBN:
9780262335492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529365.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter looks at Marvin Minsky's and Seymour Papert's recent proposal to study the mind as a society, which takes the patchwork architecture of cognition as a central element. Minsky and Papert ... More


The Engineer

Tara H. Abraham

in Rebel Genius: Warren S. McCulloch's Transdisciplinary Life in Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035095
eISBN:
9780262335386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035095.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the ways that McCulloch’s new research culture at MIT’s Research Laboratory of Electronics shaped the evolution of his scientific identity into that of an engineer. This was an ... More


Conclusion

Susan Schneider

in The Language of Thought: A New Philosophical Direction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015578
eISBN:
9780262295833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015578.003.0088
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter illustrates how philosophers endeavoring to integrate mentality into the world that science investigates naturally turn their gaze to computational approaches in cognitive science, such ... More


What Do We Mean “Human Experience”?

Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch

in The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262529365
eISBN:
9780262335492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529365.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines human experience. It is necessary to have a disciplined perspective on human experience that can enlarge the domain of cognitive science to include direct experience. Such a ... More


The Ontological Constitution of Cognition and the Epistemological Constitution of Cognitive Science: Phenomenology, Enaction, and Technology

Véronique Havelange

in Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014601
eISBN:
9780262289795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014601.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter proposes a review of the major analyses of Husserlian phenomenology in order to show how this renews the questions of the Ontological Constitution of Cognition (OCC), the Epistemological ... More


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