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Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Chloe Silverman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Autism has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years, thanks to dramatically increasing rates of diagnosis, extensive organizational mobilization, journalistic coverage, biomedical ... More


Desperate and Rational: Parents and Professionals in Autism Research

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the process of persuasion and affective involvement whereby parents and new practitioners come to take part in the practice of treating autism as well as in research on autism. ... More


Direct and Indirect Treatments

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter describes direct and indirect treatments, that is, treatments that either directly and overtly try to move the respondent in a particular direction, or that indirectly do so in a more ... More


Vignette Treatments

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter focuses on the process of vignette treatments. Vignettes offer the possibility of easily executing complex, multi-dimensional factorial designs. Although the vignette approach can ... More


Research Programs, “Autistic Disturbances,” and Human Difference

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter traces the evolution of the concept of autism from its first characterization as a rare emotional disturbance in 1943 to its present status as a potential epidemic. It examines ... More


Love Is Not Enough: Bruno Bettelheim, Infantile Autism, and Psychoanalytic Childhood

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes what happened when the child psychologist Bruno Bettelheim, director of the Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School at the University of Chicago, designed a research program for ... More


Expert Amateurs: Raising and Treating Children with Autism

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on parents emerging from the experience of wide-ranging psychogenic theorizing about autism during the 1950s and 1960s, of which Bruno Bettelheim's work was but one well-known ... More


Public-Private Mixes: The Market for Anti-Tuberculosis Drugs in India

Stefan Ecks and Ian Harper

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0013
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores how public–private collaborations can be successful in India. Public–private mixes (PPMs) are an important part of the Stop TB campaign globally, but they are especially vital ... More


Who Gets to Be Wanton?

Colin Dayan

in The Law Is a White Dog: How Legal Rituals Make and Unmake Persons

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691070919
eISBN:
9781400838592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691070919.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explains that in the trade-off between dignity and degradation, the rights of humans are pitted against the treatment of animals. Recall earlier discussions of retribution for unnatural ... More


Interventions and Control

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter considers a variety of tuberculosis control measures that can change the rates of transition between states of health. Without a better understanding of who is most at risk of infection ... More


Populations and Social Diseases

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter draws together the epidemiological insights that come from population biology and considers the context in which tuberculosis remains a “social disease” in the early twenty-first ... More


Why Tolerate Religion?

Brian Leiter

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163543
eISBN:
9781400852345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163543.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book addresses one of the most enduring puzzles in political philosophy and constitutional theory—why is religion singled out for preferential treatment in both law and public discourse? Why are ... More


Partiality

Simon Keller

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154732
eISBN:
9781400846382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154732.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We are partial to people with whom we share special relationships—if someone is your child, parent, or friend, you wouldn't treat them as you would a stranger. But is partiality justified, and if so, ... More


Treatments in the Context of Games

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines games-based treatments, which are an out-growth of conducting experiments online, where gaming seems only natural and where highly complex, multi-stage experimental treatments ... More


The Real Record on Racial Attitudes

Lawrence D. Bobo, Camille Z. Charles, Maria Krysan, and Alicia D. Simmons

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter depicts “the real record on racial attitudes” using a wide lens. Recounting results of mid-20th-century surveys as well as trends in the General Social Survey, it shows that formal ... More


The Covenant Paradox

Paul M. Sniderman, Michael Bang Petersen, Rune Slothuus, and Rune Stubager

in Paradoxes of Liberal Democracy: Islam, Western Europe, and the Danish Cartoon Crisis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161105
eISBN:
9781400852673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161105.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter presents a theory of the covenant paradox, i.e., the moral covenant underpinning the welfare state that simultaneously promotes equal treatment for (some) immigrants and provides a ... More


The Democratic Impulse

Paul M. Sniderman, Michael Bang Petersen, Rune Slothuus, and Rune Stubager

in Paradoxes of Liberal Democracy: Islam, Western Europe, and the Danish Cartoon Crisis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161105
eISBN:
9781400852673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161105.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter presents the broader lessons learned from the present analysis, covering the categorization paradox, covenant paradox, and inclusive tolerance. It considers the reasons for the ... More


Equal Recognition

Alan Patten

in Equal Recognition: The Moral Foundations of Minority Rights

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159379
eISBN:
9781400850433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159379.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the question of under what conditions, if any, are there reasons for thinking that people have a complaint based on justice about the decline of the minority culture? More ... More


Real-World Contexts

Diana C. Mutz

in In-Your-Face Politics: The Consequences of Uncivil Media

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165110
eISBN:
9781400865871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165110.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter looks at the characteristics of the experimental treatments that are used to manipulate incivility, as well as the kinds of people used in the experiments. Because of the high degree of ... More


Complex Decisions, Complex Disclosures

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter shows that the problem caused by mandated disclosure is both intensive and extensive. It is intensive because decisions are so unfamiliar and extremely complex that considerable learning ... More


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