## Weyl Group Multiple Dirichlet Series: Type A Combinatorial Theory (AM-175)

*Ben Brubaker, Daniel Bump, and Solomon Friedberg*

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691150659
- eISBN:
- 9781400838998
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691150659.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

Weyl group multiple Dirichlet series are generalizations of the Riemann zeta function. Like the Riemann zeta function, they are Dirichlet series with analytic continuation and functional equations, ... More

## Existence of Ball Quotients Covering Line Arrangements

*Paula Tretkoff*

### in Complex Ball Quotients and Line Arrangements in the Projective Plane (MN-51)

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691144771
- eISBN:
- 9781400881253
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691144771.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter justifies the assumption that ball quotients covering line arrangements exist. It begins with the general case on the existence of finite covers by ball quotients of weighted ... More

##
The Case of *SL*(2); the Examples of Evans and Rudnick

*Nicholas M. Katz*

### in Convolution and Equidistribution: Sato-Tate Theorems for Finite-Field Mellin Transforms (AM-180)

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691153308
- eISBN:
- 9781400842704
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691153308.003.0015
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Number Theory

This chapter treats both of these examples, as well as all the examples to come, using the Euler–Poincaré formula, cf. [Ray, Thm. 1] or [Ka-GKM, 2.3.1] or [Ka-SE, 4.6, (v) atop p. 113] or [De-ST, ... More

## Topological Invariants and Differential Geometry

*Paula Tretkoff*

### in Complex Ball Quotients and Line Arrangements in the Projective Plane (MN-51)

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691144771
- eISBN:
- 9781400881253
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691144771.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter deals with topological invariants and differential geometry. It first considers a topological space X for which singular homology and cohomology are defined, along with the Euler number ... More

## Riemann Surfaces, Coverings, and Hypergeometric Functions

*Paula Tretkoff*

### in Complex Ball Quotients and Line Arrangements in the Projective Plane (MN-51)

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691144771
- eISBN:
- 9781400881253
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691144771.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter deals with Riemann surfaces, coverings, and hypergeometric functions. It first considers the genus and Euler number of a Riemann surface before discussing Möbius transformations and ... More

## Tic-tac-toe on Affine Planes

*Maureen T. Carroll and Steven T. Dougherty*

### in The Mathematics of Various Entertaining Subjects: Research in Recreational Math

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691164038
- eISBN:
- 9781400881338
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691164038.003.0013
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter introduces a new game of tic-tac-toe that fits squarely within the body of work inspired by mathematician Leonhard Euler's findings on the so-called “Graeco-Latin squares” and the ... More

## The Euler-Reynolds System

*Philip Isett*

### in Hölder Continuous Euler Flows in Three Dimensions with Compact Support in Time

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691174822
- eISBN:
- 9781400885428
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691174822.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter provides a background on the Euler-Reynolds system, starting with some of the underlying philosophy behind the argument. It describes low frequency parts and ensemble averages of Euler ... More

## The Main Iteration Lemma

*Philip Isett*

### in Hölder Continuous Euler Flows in Three Dimensions with Compact Support in Time

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691174822
- eISBN:
- 9781400885428
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691174822.003.0010
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter properly formalizes the Main Lemma, first by discussing the frequency energy levels for the Euler-Reynolds equations. Here the bounds are all consistent with the symmetries of the Euler ... More

## Hölder Continuous Euler Flows in Three Dimensions with Compact Support in Time

*Philip Isett*

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691174822
- eISBN:
- 9781400885428
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691174822.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

Motivated by the theory of turbulence in fluids, the physicist and chemist Lars Onsager conjectured in 1949 that weak solutions to the incompressible Euler equations might fail to conserve energy if ... More

## Graph Theory: A Look Back—The Road Ahead

*Arthur Benjamin, Gary Chartrand, and Ping Zhang*

### in The Fascinating World of Graph Theory

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- May 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691175638
- eISBN:
- 9781400852000
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691175638.003.0013
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book concludes with an epilogue, which traces the evolution of graph theory, from the conceptualization of the Königsberg Bridge Problem and its generalization by Leonhard Euler, whose solution ... More

## Structure of the Book

*Philip Isett*

### in Hölder Continuous Euler Flows in Three Dimensions with Compact Support in Time

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691174822
- eISBN:
- 9781400885428
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691174822.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter provides an overview of the book's structure. Section 3 deals with the error terms which need to be controlled, whereas Part III explains some notation of the book and presents a basic ... More

## Basic Technical Outline

*Philip Isett*

### in Hölder Continuous Euler Flows in Three Dimensions with Compact Support in Time

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691174822
- eISBN:
- 9781400885428
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691174822.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter provides a more technical outline of the construction, starting with a solution to the Euler-Reynolds system and a correction v₁ = v + V, p₁ = p + P. The correction V is a divergence ... More

## A Main Lemma for Continuous Solutions

*Philip Isett*

### in Hölder Continuous Euler Flows in Three Dimensions with Compact Support in Time

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691174822
- eISBN:
- 9781400885428
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691174822.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter introduces the Main Lemma that implies the existence of continuous solutions. According to this lemma, there exist constants K and C such that the following holds: Let ϵ > 0, and ... More

## Frequency and Energy Levels

*Philip Isett*

### in Hölder Continuous Euler Flows in Three Dimensions with Compact Support in Time

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691174822
- eISBN:
- 9781400885428
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691174822.003.0009
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter shows how to measure the Hölder regularity of the weak solutions that are constructed when the scheme is executed more carefully. For this aspect of the convex integration scheme, a ... More

## Gluing Solutions

*Philip Isett*

### in Hölder Continuous Euler Flows in Three Dimensions with Compact Support in Time

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691174822
- eISBN:
- 9781400885428
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691174822.003.0012
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter deals with the gluing of solutions and the relevant theorem (Theorem 12.1), which states the condition for a Hölder continuous solution to exist. By taking a Galilean transformation if ... More

## On Onsager's Conjecture

*Philip Isett*

### in Hölder Continuous Euler Flows in Three Dimensions with Compact Support in Time

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691174822
- eISBN:
- 9781400885428
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691174822.003.0013
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter deals with Onsager's conjecture, which would be implied by a stronger form of Lemma (10.1). It considers what could be proven assuming Conjecture (10.1) by turning to Theorem 13.1, which ... More

## Drawing Graphs

*Arthur Benjamin, Gary Chartrand, and Ping Zhang*

### in The Fascinating World of Graph Theory

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- May 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691175638
- eISBN:
- 9781400852000
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691175638.003.0010
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter considers the concept of planar graph and its underlying theory. It begins with a discussion of the Three Houses and Three Utilities Problem and how it can be represented by a graph. It ... More

## Making Walks Count: From Silent Circles to Hamiltonian Cycles

*Max A. Alekseyev and Gérard P. Michon*

### in The Mathematics of Various Entertaining Subjects: Research in Games, Graphs, Counting, and Complexity, Volume 2

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- May 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691171920
- eISBN:
- 9781400889136
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691171920.003.0010
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Leonhard Euler (1707–1783) invented graph theory in 1735, by solving a puzzle of interest to the inhabitants of Königsberg. The city comprised three distinct land masses, connected by seven bridges. ... More

## Areas, Angles, and Polyhedra

*Glen Van Brummelen*

### in Heavenly Mathematics: The Forgotten Art of Spherical Trigonometry

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- May 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691175997
- eISBN:
- 9781400844807
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691175997.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter explains how to find the area of an angle or polyhedron. It begins with a discussion of how to determine the area of a spherical triangle or polygon. The formula for the area of a ... More

## Traversing Graphs

*Arthur Benjamin, Gary Chartrand, and Ping Zhang*

### in The Fascinating World of Graph Theory

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- May 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691175638
- eISBN:
- 9781400852000
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691175638.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter considers Eulerian graphs, a class of graphs named for the Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler. It begins with a discussion of the the Königsberg Bridge Problem and its connection to ... More