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Denmark: Professionalism in an Egalitarian Political Culture

Torben K. Jensen

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Denmark's egalitarian political culture stresses the values of participation, equality, and a strong civil society – traits that may be detrimental to the development of a class of professional ... More


Italy: The Homeland of the Political Class

Ettore Recchi and Luca Verzichelli

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the early post-war years, parties have been central to Italy's political system and have regulated the recruitment patterns and socialization of members of the large political class, which was ... More


Diagnosing the Strategic Impacts of Lost Knowledge

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter uses a knowledge typology to describe different characteristics of lost knowledge and their impacts on business performance. It shows how increased retirements interact with recruiting ... More


Shop-floor Consent, Accommodation, and Dissent

Tony Elger and Chris Smith

in Assembling Work: Remaking Factory Regimes in Japanese Multinationals in Britain

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241514
eISBN:
9780191714405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241514.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter examines the evolving features of management-worker relations and employee working lives at two large, sectorally dominant Japanese manufacturing subsidiaries in Telford, and assesses ... More


Is There Scope for Policy?

Giorgia Brunello, Pietro Garibaldi, and Etienne Wasmer

in Education and Training in Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199210978
eISBN:
9780191705786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210978.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses how design of training policies is strongly related to the type of market failures conducive to under-provision. The empirical evidence on the relevance of efficiency and ... More


Late twentieth-century patterns and trends in Amazon tree turnover

Oliver L. Phillips, Timothy R. Baker, Luzmila Arroyo, Niro Higuchi, Timothy Killeen, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Jon Lloyd, Yadvinder Malhi, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Nuñez Vargas, J. Natalino N. Silva, Rodolfo Vásquez Martinez, Miguel Alexiades, Samuel Almeida, Sandra Brown, Jerome Chave, James A. Comiskey, Claudia I. Czimczik, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Caroline Kuebler, Susan G. Laurance, Henrique E. M. Nascimento, Jean Olivier, Walter Palacios, Sandra Patiño, Nigel Pitman, Carlos A. Quesada, Mario Saldias, Armando Torres Lezama, and Barbara Vinceti

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Previous work found that tree turnover, biomass, and large liana densities increased in mature tropical forests in the late 20th century, indicating a concerted shift in forest ecological processes. ... More


Estimating Net Primary Production of Salt Marsh Macrophytes

James T. Morris

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Salt marshes dominate the intertidal zone in temperate latitudes and present some unique features pertaining to measurement of primary production. Several destructive harvest and non-destructive ... More


The Value Added Tax

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The value‐added tax was finally introduced in Japan in April 1989, after long‐standing trial and error by the government. The whole picture of Japan's VAT must be clarified before and after its ... More


“I Gotta Get Out of This Place”: Workplace Stress as a Threat to Public Health

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Most people may not recognize that stress has become a major risk for a wide variety of health and mental health problems, although when surveyed most people talk passionately about the stress they ... More


The Higher Aristocracy: Identity and Memory

R. R. Davies

in Lords and Lordship in the British Isles in the Late Middle Ages

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542918
eISBN:
9780191715648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542918.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The dimensions of the group to be considered are outlined. It was characterized by a rapid turnover of personnel and the concentration of more titles in fewer hands. Its pan-British character ... More


Biodiversity and biogeography of deserts

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Although there is a common perception that deserts support few species, some deserts have high local diversity, largely because organisms are able to exploit patches of high productivity. This ... More


Lexical Borrowing, Split (Mixed) Languages, and Creole Formation

CAROL MYERS-SCOTTON

in Contact Linguistics: Bilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299530
eISBN:
9780191708107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299530.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter discusses three related contact phenomena: lexical borrowing, mixed (split) languages, and creole formation. They all show the effects of the universal split in languages between the ... More


Membership Dynamics

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter gives the first estimates of long-term joining and lapsing rates. These were very stable until the 1970s, much more stable than non-commercial societies, trade unions, or many sector ... More


Demand for Labor: The Neglected Side of the Market

Daniel S. Hamermesh

Corrado Giulietti (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198791379
eISBN:
9780191833847
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198791379.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The book collects essays that revolve around the general topic of employers’ demand for labour. The focus is on labour differentiated by hours and workers, by hires, fires, quits and promotions. ... More


A Closer Look at the Emerging Employment Law of Silicon Valley’s High-Velocity Labour Market

Alan Hyde

in Labour Law in an Era of Globalization: Transformative Practices and Possibilities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199271818
eISBN:
9780191699542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271818.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter visits the world of professional work in the Silicon Valley as a model for the ‘high-velocity labour markets’ of the future, and in which post-war assumptions of long-term job attachment ... More


Energetics

M.G.L. Mills and M.E.J. Mills

in Kalahari Cheetahs: Adaptations to an arid region

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198712145
eISBN:
9780191780639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712145.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Measurements of daily energy expenditure and water turnover showed that energy expenditure in cheetahs was not significantly greater than expected, but water turnover was low. There were no sex ... More


Private Security in Britain

Trevor Jones and Tim Newburn

in Private Security and Public Policing

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265696
eISBN:
9780191682933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265696.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter takes a closer look at what is generally thought of as the ‘private sector’ in policing, namely the ‘private security industry’. In particular, it examines evidence about the size of the ... More


How does species richness accumulate over time?

Timothy G. Barraclough

in The Evolutionary Biology of Species

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198749745
eISBN:
9780191814020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749745.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Species are units for understanding the evolution of diversity over large geographical scales and long timescales. This chapter investigates the processes causing proliferation and demise of species ... More


Degradation of organic material

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199586936
eISBN:
9780191774645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586936.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter focuses on the aerobic oxidation of organic material by microbes. Microbes account for about 50 per cent of primary production in the biosphere, but they probably account for more than ... More


Prepayment Risk Neutrality: The Concept of prOAS

Andrew Davidson and Alexander Levin

in Mortgage Valuation Models: Embedded Options, Risk, and Uncertainty

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199998166
eISBN:
9780199363698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199998166.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter offers a theory that explains the origin of OAS. Observing that OAS levels differ across agency MBS types, the chapter concludes that prepayment model risk plays a fundamental role in ... More


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