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Introduction

Bob Heyman and Mike Titterton

in Risk, Safety and Clinical Practice: Health care through the lens of risk

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198569008
eISBN:
9780191717499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569008.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter introduces the social science of health risk. Analysis of references to risk in health-related research papers shows that use of the ‘lens of risk’ has expanded remarkably steadily in ... More


Helping Doctors and Patients Make Sense of Health Statistics

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199390076
eISBN:
9780190240684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390076.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many doctors, patients, journalists, and politicians alike do not understand what health statistics mean, or they draw wrong conclusions without noticing. The causes of statistical illiteracy should ... More


How I Got Started Teaching Physicians and Judges Risk Literacy

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199390076
eISBN:
9780190240684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390076.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A personal account of how the author came to recognize the importance of statistical literacy, particularly in the fields of health care and the law, and went on to teach physicians and judges how to ... More


Making sense of numbers about health risks—The Facts Box

Michelle McDowell

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

People are frequently faced with the task of making a variety of health decisions, from decisions about preventative screening, to taking medications, or deciding whether or not to have a surgical ... More


Ecological Rationality and Evolutionary Medicine: A Bridge to Medical Education

Shabnam Mousavi and Jay Schulkin

in Integrating Evolutionary Biology into Medical Education: for maternal and child healthcare students, clinicians, and scientists

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198814153
eISBN:
9780191851803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814153.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

A notion of rationality represents a structure that can be used to explain, evaluate, and recommend a certain course of action. Full rationality, independent of context, builds such a structure based ... More


The Psychology of (Un)Certainty

Kostas Kampourakis and Kevin McCain

in Uncertainty: How It Makes Science Advance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190871666
eISBN:
9780190871697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190871666.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

People strive for certainty due to an inherent desire for it. Uncertainty seems to be stressful in the same unconscious manner as anger and fear. We cannot really control this feeling, and we feel ... More


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