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The Changing European State: Pressures from Within

Patrick Le Galés

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter deals with bottom up pressures on the state. It focuses on the challenges that cities and regions are posing to the nation state in Western Europe, rather than on the rise of ... More


The fundamentals of competitive interactions

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Interspecific competition is a major factor influencing the structure of communities. This chapter examines the principles of interspecific completion, defined as a reduction in the population growth ... More


Era II—The Age of the Market 1

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the second era of resource use and nonuse—the Age of Market. As resource users consumed vast quantities of raw materials, they found that they increasingly had to compete among ... More


Era III—The Age of Property

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the third era of resource use and nonuse—the Age of Property. Competitive natural resource use, coupled with a rudimentary awareness of suboptimal consumption, ultimately led ... More


Resource Competition, Mineral Scarcity, and Economic Statecraft

Sophia Kalantzakos

in China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190670931
eISBN:
9780190670962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190670931.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Resources have been essential inputs in the world economy and at the epicenter of technological developments. There are different theories of resource scarcity, but uninterrupted access to resources ... More


Demographic consequences of the selective forces controlling density-dependent dispersal

François Rousset

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents the example of departure decisions as conditional on current local population size. This appears to be the scenario most actively investigated, partly because of its perceived ... More


China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths

Sophia Kalantzakos

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190670931
eISBN:
9780190670962
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190670931.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

In 2010, because of a geopolitical incident between China and Japan, seventeen elements of the periodic table known as rare earths became notorious overnight. An “unofficial” and temporary embargo of ... More


Competitive exclusion

Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna

in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199577859
eISBN:
9780191823787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The principle of competitive exclusion states that in a population of reproductive units regulated by a single common factor all varieties but the one whose growth rate is highest at the extremal ... More


Introduction: Rare Earths: A Crisis in the Making

Sophia Kalantzakos

in China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190670931
eISBN:
9780190670962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190670931.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

In 2010, rare earths were thrust into geopolitical prominence overnight as a result of a territorial incident between Japan and China. China’s “unacknowledged” and short-lived rare earths embargo ... More


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