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Objectivity and the Parochial

Charles Travis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199596218
eISBN:
9780191595783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596218.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Thought, to be thought at all, must be about a world independent of us. But thinking takes capacities for thought, which inevitably shape thought's objects. What would count as something being ... More


The Pragmatic Maxim: Essays on Peirce and pragmatism

Christopher Hookway

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199588381
eISBN:
9780191745089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588381.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1913) was the ‘founder of pragmatism’ and the most important and original American philosopher. He called himself a logician, making important contributions to the ... More


The Primacy of Mental Language

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The third chapter discusses how Buridan’s conception of mental language provides the grounding for the objectivity and universality of logic despite the radical conventionality of written and spoken ... More


The symbolic turn

Michael Potter

in Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199215836
eISBN:
9780191721243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215836.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

One of the most profound themes in the Tractatus is its exploration of the harmony between the structure of the world and the structure of the symbols we use to talk about it. This theme began to ... More


Naturalistic options

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Here the book turns to doing, rather than describing, Second Philosophy. In preparation for the philosophy of mathematics in Part IV, Part III takes up the question of the nature of logical truth. In ... More


The status of rudimentary logic

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

According to this second-philosophical account, rudimentary logic is contingent on certain very general structural features and is true only when and where they are present. (We tend to think logic ... More


Psychologism

Charles Travis

in Objectivity and the Parochial

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199596218
eISBN:
9780191595783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596218.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Psychologism is a term of abuse. It refers to one of several errors. One is to violate correct demands on the objectivity of judgement; to allow what is so to be decided by our (or some thinkers') ... More


The Normativity Objection

Patricia Kitcher

in Kant’s Thinker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199754823
eISBN:
9780199855889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754823.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers another venerable objection to Kant’s theory of cognition: it is guilty of psychologism. The chapter defends the theory by showing that it can account for the normativity of ... More


THE RATIONAL INSIGNIFICANCE OF IDENTITY AND CONTINUITY

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, General

If we should endorse a factual nihilism to the effect that there is no defensible account of our identity, it follows that we should also endorse an evaluative nihilism to the effect that the bias ... More


Logical Complexity and Semantic Normativity

Stephen J Barker

in Renewing Meaning: A Speech-Act Theoretic Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199263660
eISBN:
9780191601354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263663.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I deal with the cognitive states expressed by de dicto logically complex sentences–those that are expressives, such as negations, disjunctions, universal noun phrase sentences, and adverbs of ... More


Knowledge as a Mental Episode

Bimal Krishna Matilal

in Perception: An Essay on Classical Indian Theories of Knowledge

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239765
eISBN:
9780191680014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239765.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Perception yields knowledge. More generally, perception, in the sense of ‘sensing’, is regarded as an important source of knowledge. Or, to put it in the Indian terminology, it is a primary ‘means’ ... More


Concluding Remarks

Tim Crane

in The Objects of Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682744
eISBN:
9780191762970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682744.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

These concluding remarks sum up the main thesis of the book and locate it within what can be called a ‘psychologistic’ conception of the mind.


Goodness

Colin McGinn

in Ethics, Evil, and Fiction

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238775
eISBN:
9780191598005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238770.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter is an extensive critique of the thesis of moral psychologism. Appealing to the Naturalistic Fallacy, McGinn argues that moral psychologism, as instanced in emotivism, the dispositional ... More


Epistemological Preliminaries

Philip Kitcher

in The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195035414
eISBN:
9780199833368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195035410.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A priori knowledge is knowledge that is independent of experience. We begin by trying to understand what this could mean.


Interrogatives and Uncontrollable Abductions

Christopher Hookway

in The Pragmatic Maxim: Essays on Peirce and pragmatism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199588381
eISBN:
9780191745089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588381.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Throughout his career, Peirce denied that psychology could make any contribution to normative logic. After clarification of the anti-psychologist position, the chapter evaluates Peirce’s arguments ... More


Which End of the Telescope? *

Michael Dummett

in Frege and Other Philosophers

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236283
eISBN:
9780191597343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823628X.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter, I reply to a view by Stuart Shanker of two books of mine about Frege.


Theory and Elucidation: The End of the Age of Innocence

Joan Weiner

in Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth Century Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139167
eISBN:
9780199833214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513916X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Weiner argues in her essay that Frege explicitly acknowledged the necessity for what he called “elucidations” of his primitive notions. Such elucidations consist of hints, metaphors, and allusions, ... More


Kant and British Empiricism

Wayne Waxman

in Kant and the Empiricists: Understanding Understanding

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195177398
eISBN:
9780199786176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177398.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter begins with a discussion of the concept of sensibilism, the theory that all ideas originate in being perceived, and are non-existent prior to or independently of their immediate presence ... More


Kant's Extension of Humean Skepticism to Mathematics

Wayne Waxman

in Kant and the Empiricists: Understanding Understanding

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195177398
eISBN:
9780199786176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177398.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Kant’s belief that Hume’s premises, if strictly adhered to and pursued to their farthest implications, would have led him to abandon empirical psychologism in favor of Kant’s ... More


A Kantian Way Out of Hume's Quandary

Wayne Waxman

in Kant and the Empiricists: Understanding Understanding

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195177398
eISBN:
9780199786176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177398.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers a way to make the case that Hume’s own premises, if strictly adhered to, inexorably points beyond empirical psychologism to transcendentalism. This concerns a difficulty Hume ... More


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