## Applied Shape Optimization for Fluids

*Bijan Mohammadi and Olivier Pironneau*

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199546909
- eISBN:
- 9780191720482
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546909.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

The fields of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and optimal shape design (OSD) have received considerable attention in the recent past, and are of practical importance for many engineering ... More

## SUMMARY OF PARAMETRIC IMAGE REGISTRATION

*Jan Modersitzki*

### in Numerical Methods for Image Registration

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198528418
- eISBN:
- 9780191713583
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528418.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter summarizes the techniques discussed so far in this book. The techniques are all based on the minimization of a certain distance measure, and the distance measure is based on image ... More

## Models for Dynamic Macroeconomics

*Fabio-Cesare Bagliano and Giuseppe Bertola*

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- January 2005
- ISBN:
- 9780199266821
- eISBN:
- 9780191601606
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199266824.001.0001
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Introduces methodological tools for dynamic analysis of macroeconomic phenomena: consumption and investment choices, employment, and unemployment outcomes, and economic growth. Discrete‐time dynamic ... More

## Dynamic Economics: Optimization by the Lagrange Method

*Gregory C. Chow*

- Published in print:
- 1997
- Published Online:
- October 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780195101928
- eISBN:
- 9780199855032
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101928.001.0001
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This work provides a unified and simple treatment of dynamic economics using dynamic optimization as the main theme, and the method of Lagrange multipliers to solve dynamic economic problems. The ... More

## Stochastic optimal control model of short-term debt 1

*Jerome L. Stein*

### in Stochastic Optimal Control, International Finance, and Debt Crises

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- May 2006
- ISBN:
- 9780199280575
- eISBN:
- 9780191603501
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199280576.003.0002
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Data on the credit rating of bonds issued in the first half of the 1990s suggest that investors in emerging market securities paid little attention to credit risk, or that they were comfortable with ... More

## Stochastic intertemporal optimization: Long-term debt continuous time

*Jerome L. Stein*

### in Stochastic Optimal Control, International Finance, and Debt Crises

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- May 2006
- ISBN:
- 9780199280575
- eISBN:
- 9780191603501
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199280576.003.0003
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter answers the following technical questions: In a stochastic environment, where the return on capital and the interest rate are stochastic, what is an optimal (1) long-term debt, (2) ... More

## Rational Belief

*Graham Priest*

### in Doubt Truth to be a Liar

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- May 2006
- ISBN:
- 9780199263288
- eISBN:
- 9780191603631
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199263280.003.0008
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter argues that the common view that believing a contradiction is the nadir of rationality should be rejected, and that rational considerations may require one to believe contradictions. An ... More

## Belief Revision

*Graham Priest*

### in Doubt Truth to be a Liar

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- May 2006
- ISBN:
- 9780199263288
- eISBN:
- 9780191603631
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199263280.003.0009
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses an account of belief-revision that is compatible with the rational belief of contradictions. In the process, a formal account of the model of rationality of the preceding ... More

## Recasting Welfare Regimes for a Postindustrial Era

*Gøsta Esping‐Andersen*

### in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

- Published in print:
- 1999
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780198742005
- eISBN:
- 9780191599163
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0198742002.003.0009
- Subject:
- Political Science, Comparative Politics

The introduction to this chapter discusses the question of why nations respond so differently to a set of social risks that are similar over various countries, and analyses three typical homines: ... More

## Simple Heuristics in a Social World

*Ralph Hertwig, Ulrich Hoffrage, and ABC Research Group (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- January 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780195388435
- eISBN:
- 9780199950089
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.001.0001
- Subject:
- Psychology, Social Psychology

This book invites readers to discover the simple heuristics that people use to navigate the complexities and surprises of environments populated with others. The social world is a terrain where ... More

## The Role of ABMS

*Michael J. North and Charles M. Macal*

### in Managing Business Complexity: Discovering Strategic Solutions with Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780195172119
- eISBN:
- 9780199789894
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172119.003.0005
- Subject:
- Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter uses a supply chain example to compare and contrast agent-based modeling and simulation with other modeling techniques, including systems dynamics, discrete-event simulation, ... More

## Generalised Procrustes problems

*J. C. Gower and G. B. Dijksterhuis*

### in Procrustes Problems

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198510581
- eISBN:
- 9780191708961
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510581.003.0009
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter is concerned with generalizations where the two sets of configurations X1 and X2 are replaced by K sets, X1 , X2 ... More

## INTRODUCTION TO FIXED-PARAMETER ALGORITHMS

*Rolf Niedermeier*

### in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198566076
- eISBN:
- 9780191713910
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter discusses three introductory examples for studying exact and fixed-parameter algorithms. It starts with the boolean Satisfiability problem and its numerous parameters, then discusses an ... More

## PRELIMINARIES AND AGREEMENTS

*Rolf Niedermeier*

### in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198566076
- eISBN:
- 9780191713910
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter introduces the basic mathematical formalism and discusses concepts used throughout the book. Among other things, it looks at decision problems vs optimization problems, Random Access ... More

## SPECTRALLY CONSTRAINED APPROXIMATION

*Moody T. Chu and Gene H. Golub*

### in Inverse Eigenvalue Problems: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198566649
- eISBN:
- 9780191718021
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566649.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter shows that the problems of computing least squares approximations for various types of real and symmetric matrices subject to spectral constraints share a common structure. A general ... More

## OPTIMAL LINEAR REGISTRATION

*Jan Modersitzki*

### in Numerical Methods for Image Registration

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198528418
- eISBN:
- 9780191713583
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528418.003.0006
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter investigates the question of how to find an optimal linear transformation based on a distance measure. Popular choices for distance measures such as the sum of squared differences, ... More

## Experimental resurrection of ancient biomolecules: gene synthesis, heterologous protein expression, and functional assays

*Eric A. Gaucher*

### in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199299188
- eISBN:
- 9780191714979
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0014
- Subject:
- Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Approximately twenty studies have emerged where specific molecular systems from extinct organisms have been resurrected for study in the laboratory. These include digestive proteins (ribonucleases, ... More

## Automation of non-conventional crystallization techniques for screening and optimization

*Naomi E. Chayen*

### in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198520979
- eISBN:
- 9780191706295
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0003
- Subject:
- Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The availability of high-quality crystals is crucial to the structure determination of proteins by X-ray diffraction. It is still not understood why some proteins crystallize with ease while others ... More

## Getting a macromolecular model: model building, refinement, and validation

*R. J. Morris, A. Perrakis, and V. S. Lamzin*

### in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198520979
- eISBN:
- 9780191706295
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0011
- Subject:
- Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter casts the high-throughput automation efforts being developed to meet the needs of Structural Genomics initiatives in the framework of an optimization problem. It gives a general overview ... More

## Alignment, dynamic homology, and optimization

*Ward C. Wheeler*

### in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780199297306
- eISBN:
- 9780191713729
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0005
- Subject:
- Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

There are two properties that have been used to differentiate sequence data from other sorts of information: simplicity of states and length variation. Unlike complex anatomical features (e.g., limb ... More