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The Two OPEC Recessions (1973–5 and 1979–82)

Christopher Dow

in Major Recessions: Britain and the World 1920-1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241231
eISBN:
9780191596179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241236.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The recession of 1973–75 was the first occasion since the war when total output fell absolutely, and it was followed six years later by the recession of 1979–82, when output again showed an absolute ... More


1974—Marking Time

Douglas Wass

in Decline to Fall: The Making of British Macro-economic Policy and the 1976 IMF Crisis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534746
eISBN:
9780191715884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534746.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter looks at the origins of the inflation which struck the developed world in the early 1970s, and the huge balance of payments imbalances which followed the explosion of oil prices in 1973. ... More


Domestic Legal Remedies Against OPEC

Cedric Ryngaert

in Challenging Acts of International Organizations Before National Courts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199595297
eISBN:
9780191595752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595297.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the difficulties encountered when trying to apply national anti-trust/competition law to the activities of international organizations. It demonstrates the fundamentally ... More


Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of a two‐volume study of the adjustment of advanced welfare states to international economic pressures, in which leading scholars detail the wide variety of responses in 12 ... More


Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume I: From Vulnerability to Competitiveness in Comparative Perspective

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240883
eISBN:
9780191600173
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240884.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of a two‐volume study of the adjustment of advanced welfare states to international economic pressures, in which leading scholars detail the wide variety of responses in 12 ... More


France Directing Adjustment?

Jonah D. Levy

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Bismarckian welfare state in France is financed by social security contributions to an even greater degree than is true in Germany. During the oil‐price crises of the 1970s and early 1980s, job ... More


Mexico: Trade and Financial Liberalization With Volatile Capital Inflows: Macroeconomic Consequences and Social Impacts During the 1990s

Jaime Ros and Nora Lustig

in External Liberalization, Economic Performance and Social Policy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195145465
eISBN:
9780199783960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145465.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

By the mid‐1980s, the Mexican economy was still suffering the consequences of the 1982 debt crisis, and these were compounded by the difficulties created by the collapse of oil prices in early 1986, ... More


Switzerland Adjustment Politics Within Institutional Constraints

Giuliano Bonoli and André Mach

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Among ‘Continental’ welfare states, Switzerland had and has the highest per capita income and the highest employment ratio in the group of advanced welfare states included in this study. Its ... More


Any Way out of ‘Exit from Work’? Reversing the Entrenched Pathways of Early Retirement

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

After the first oil‐price crisis, many (but not all) OECD countries used early retirement as an adaptation to industrial restructuration, mass unemployment, the social needs of older workers, and the ... More


How Do You Manage That Much Money?

Christopher Balding

in Sovereign Wealth Funds: The New Intersection of Money and Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199842902
eISBN:
9780199932498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842902.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Though a good problem to have, sovereign wealth funds struggle with how to manage the amount of money entrusted to them. Sovereign wealth funds have competing financial, economic, political, and ... More


Fiscal Institutions and Macroeconomic Management in the United Arab Emirates

Raimundo Soto

in Institutions and Macroeconomic Policies in Resource-Rich Arab Economies

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198822226
eISBN:
9780191861208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198822226.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The UAE has seemingly escaped “the natural resource curse”: it is one of the richest countries in the world and ranks comparatively highly on business environment, infrastructure, and institutional ... More


Russia's Contested National Identity and Foreign Policy

Andrew C. Kuchins and Igor Zevelev

in Worldviews of Aspiring Powers: Domestic Foreign Policy Debates in China, India, Iran, Japan and Russia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199937479
eISBN:
9780199980727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937479.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the Russian foreign policy discourse. For the purposes of discussion, the leading schools of thought and policy practitioners in Russia in 1992–2011 are categorized into three ... More


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