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Do Numbers Count when Saving Lives?

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240792
eISBN:
9780191680274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers the moral relevance of the number of people who could be saved by one action rather than another. It concentrates on the question whether one group's being more numerous than ... More


Treatment and Prevention: What Do We Owe Each Other?

Norman Daniels

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Without focusing on the details of specific health systems, this chapter considers what we owe each other with regard to promoting and restoring health and what this means for the balance between ... More


Ethical Particularism and Morally Relevant Properties

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Thought: Essays on Reason, Intuition, and Action

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198865605
eISBN:
9780191897955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865605.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper follows a path that takes us from utilitarianism to particularism. Utilitarianism is the leading one-principle theory; its falsehood is here simply asserted. W. D. Ross’s theory of prima ... More


The Role of Imaginary Cases in Ethics

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Thought: Essays on Reason, Intuition, and Action

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198865605
eISBN:
9780191897955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865605.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper examines the rationale for the standard practice in ethics of arguing from imaginary cases to real ones. Challengeable aspects of this practice are exposed. One question is whether an ... More


Conceptual Issues Related to Ending Life

F. M. Kamm

in Bioethical Prescriptions: To Create, End, Choose, and Improve Lives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199971985
eISBN:
9780199346141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199971985.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains the distinctions that are of moral relevance in discussions of suicide, physician-assisted suicide, termination of treatment, and euthanasia. These include the distinctions ... More


Solving the Trolley Problem

Shelly Kagan

in The Trolley Problem Mysteries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190247157
eISBN:
9780190247188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247157.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This comment asks us to imagine that we have discovered a principle that completely matches our intuitions about the various actions that might be performed in all the different versions of the ... More


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