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Preliminary Study of Aristotle's Causes

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle considers nature, art, spontaneity, luck, necessity, and intelligence to be causes, and they fit into the four kinds of cause that he distinguishes throughout works on natural philosophy. ... More


Creation's Modalities

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Creation: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles II

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246540
eISBN:
9780191597879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246548.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Focuses on the investigation of the question—why would an absolutely perfect being create anything at all? Aquinas's account of a non‐necessitated choice in the act of creating involves a return to ... More


The Next Principle’ The Next Principle’ Metaphysics A 3–4, 984b8–985b22

Gâbor Betegh

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the way Aristotle describes in A 3–4 (984b8–985a29) the reasons and motivations, which, on his interpretation, lead his predecessors to introduce a new type of principle that ... More


Aristotle on Principles as Elements

Marko Malink

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 53

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198815655
eISBN:
9780191853197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815655.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In his discussion of the four causes, Aristotle claims that ‘the hypotheses are material causes of the conclusion’ (Physics 2. 3, MetaphysicsΔ‎ 2). This claim has puzzled commentators since ... More


Aristotelian Tradition (I): Individuality and the Individual Body

Antonia Fitzpatrick

in Thomas Aquinas on Bodily Identity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198790853
eISBN:
9780191833304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790853.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter discusses, principally, Aristotle’s biological works on animals, De anima and the Metaphysics. Its intent is to lay out the texts with which Aquinas would substantiate his view that ... More


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