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A More Equitable and Efficient Approach to Insuring the Uninsurable

Eric Helland and Jonathan Klick

in The Fragmentation of U.S. Health Care: Causes and Solutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390131
eISBN:
9780199775934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390131.003.010
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter argues that although concern for individuals with relatively high expected health care costs may justify significant cross-subsidization on normative grounds, it makes sense as a matter ... More


The Gordian Knot

David A. Shore and Eric D. Kupferberg

in High Stakes: The Critical Role of Stakeholders in Health Care

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195326253
eISBN:
9780199897285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326253.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter looks at the value in health care in the United States. Section 2.1 considers what we get for the dollars spent in the United States. Section 2.2 identifies the price inflators that are ... More


The Scientific Management of Life—and Death: Part I

Simon Head

in The New Ruthless Economy: Work and Power in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195179835
eISBN:
9780199850211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179835.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the application of scientific management in the medical sector in the U.S. The decline of the old fee-for-service system of health insurance has set the scene for the rise of ... More


Costs and discounting

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199237814
eISBN:
9780191717215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237814.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the other two key parameters in the cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness formulae: how to measure costs and the principle of discounting. While cost calculations may sound like a ... More


Prevention vs. Cure: An Economist’s Perspective on the Right Balance

Louise B. Russell

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Three questions are addressed in this chapter: Does prevention reduce medical costs? Does the U.S. spend too little on prevention? Should it spend more (and if so, on what)? Since much of the ... More


Introduction: The History, Policies, and Structures That Shape Health Care Regulation

Robert I. Field

in Health Care Regulation in America: Complexity, Confrontation, and Compromise

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195159684
eISBN:
9780199864423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159684.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents background on the nature of health policy and the role of regulation in translating policy into action. It describes the fundamental policy goals of improving quality, enhancing ... More


Working toward Better Health and Greater Satisfaction

David A. Shore and Eric D. Kupferberg

in High Stakes: The Critical Role of Stakeholders in Health Care

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195326253
eISBN:
9780199897285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326253.003.0039
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses how different purchasers have endeavored to hold down health-related expenses while purchasing health care access for their beneficiaries. It presents a case vignette about a ... More


Palliative care in hospitals

Amy S. Kelley, Daniel J. Fischberg, and R. Sean Morrison

in A Public Health Perspective on End of Life Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199599400
eISBN:
9780191739170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599400.003.0060
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses hospital-based palliative care programmes. There are rapid advances in medical therapies and, partly as a result, meeting the care needs of patients in palliative care is ... More


Institutional Discussion Guide on Resource Allocation and the Cost of Care

Nancy Berlinger, Bruce Jennings, and Susan M. Wolf

in The Hastings Center Guidelines for Decisions on Life-Sustaining Treatment and Care Near the End of Life: Revised and Expanded Second Edition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199974566
eISBN:
9780199333332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199974566.003.0016
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Health care institutions grapple with the moral as well as the fiscal dimensions of resource allocation and health care cost. This section aims to help clinicians, administrators, trustees, and ... More


The Promise of European Regulation of New Health Technologies in a Time of Ageing Populations

Amanda Warren‐Jones

in European Law and New Health Technologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199659210
eISBN:
9780191748165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659210.003.0021
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Medical Law

This chapter emphasizes two aspects for discussions of health technologies: their contribution to the improvement of personal and public health and their growing importance in the cost determination ... More


Age Rationing Under Conditions of Injustice

Leslie Pickering Francis

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores issues associated with health care rationing under conditions of injustice, with particular emphasis on the elderly who are near the end of life. In the face of rising health ... More


The Fellow behind the Tree

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0026
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines three distinct perspectives on the current condition of the retirement system in the United States. Some argue that the system is too hot, costing more of the nation’s public ... More


Overdiagnosis and Overtreatment: Implications for Bedside Rationing

Howard Brody

in Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199989447
eISBN:
9780190207489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989447.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that overdiagnosis and overtreatment account for such a large part of health care expenditures that physician attention to reducing such overuse might in and of itself provide a ... More


Respiratory virus infections and performance

A. P. Smith

in Human Factors in Hazardous Situations: Proceedings of a Royal Society Discussion Meeting held on 28 and 29 June 1989

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521914
eISBN:
9780191688454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521914.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Respiratory virus illnesses are a major health problem in that the acute infections and their consequences account for a substantial proportion of all consultations in general practice. These ... More


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