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Measuring Attention at the Cognitive Level: Measuring Attention at the Cognitive Level: Batteries and Tasks

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 6 reviews the test batteries and a multitude of specific tasks that measure attention at the cognitive level. The relative insensitivity of standardized tasks to tap subtle variations in ... More


Selective and Divided Attention in Birds

Thomas R. Zentall

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Selective attention refers to the selective central processing of the stimulus environment, such that certain stimuli that are received at the periphery (i.e., that activate sensory neurons) are ... More


Cognitive Unison

Christopher Mole

in Attention Is Cognitive Unison: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195384529
eISBN:
9780199872817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384529.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Starting from a suggestion found in the work of Alan White, this chapter presents an adverbialist theory of attention. According to this theory attention is instantiated if and only if the cognitive ... More


Binding of memories: Adult-age differences and the effects of divided attention in young adults on episodic memory

Moshe Naveh-Benjamin

in Handbook of Binding and Memory: Perspectives from Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529675
eISBN:
9780191689680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529675.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter attempts to determine whether there is a common mechanism underlying the adverse effects on episodic memory of ageing and of ... More


Novice Driver Crashes: Failure to Divide Attention or Failure to Recognize Risks

Donald L. Fisher and Alexander Pollatsek

in Attention: From Theory to Practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305722
eISBN:
9780199847723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305722.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The fatality rate per 100 million vehicle miles among sixteen-year-old novice drivers is almost eight times higher than it is among the safest cohort of drivers, those with their driver's license for ... More


Aging and Attention

Arthur F. Kramer and Jutta Kray

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews and critiques the scientific literature that has examined changes in attention due to aging. At a global level, the chapter focuses on two different varieties of attention: ... More


Explaining divided attention by TVA

Claus Bundesen and Thomas Habekost

in Principles of Visual Attention:: Linking Mind and Brain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570707
eISBN:
9780191693854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570707.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the application of the theory of visual attention (TVA) to classic experimental findings on divided attention. The theory proved useful in explaining effects of object ... More


Mental timing and the central attentional bottleneck

Eric Ruthruff and Harold Pashler

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter evaluates the mental time estimation hypothesis which proposes that timing might be subject to a discrete central attentional bottleneck and timing cannot take place until certain ... More


Varieties of Attention

Jonardon Ganeri

in Attention, Not Self

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198757405
eISBN:
9780191817304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198757405.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

It is a fundamental feature of the account to be developed in this chapter that there are many different kinds of conscious attention. A basic (that is to say, irreducible) kind of attention is ... More


Focused and Divided Attention to the Eyes and Ears : A Research Journey

Nelson Cowan

in From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734337
eISBN:
9780190255855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's papers Contextual cues in selective listening, published in the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (1960) and Divided attention to ear and eye, ... More


Some Reflections on the Processing of Perceptual Features

Howard E. Egeth

in From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734337
eISBN:
9780190255855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's 1988 paper Features and objects: The Fourteenth Bartlett Memorial Lecture, published in the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. Treisman outlines a ... More


Intersecting Horizons

Jonardon Ganeri

in Virtual Subjects, Fugitive Selves: Fernando Pessoa and his philosophy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198864684
eISBN:
9780191896729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864684.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

How are we to imagine a situation in which I am simultaneously yet severally multiple subjects? Many contemporary writers on personal identity have said that one can imagine a scenario involving the ... More


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