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The Production of Knowledge: The Challenge of Social Science Research

William H. Starbuck

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199288533
eISBN:
9780191700521
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288533.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

This book reflects on a number of challenges associated with management and social science research — the search for a ‘behavioral science’, the limits of rationality, the unreliability of many ... More


The Foundations of Transdisciplinary Behavioral Science

Herbert Gintis

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews contemporary models of human behavior in various fields, including economics, biology, anthropology, sociology, and neuroscience. It shows that although the core theoretical ... More


Introduction: Realism and Naturalism in the Philosophy of Science

J. D. Trout

in Measuring the Intentional World: Realism, Naturalism, and Quantitative Methods in the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195107661
eISBN:
9780199786152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195107667.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter leads the reader through the major positions, issues, and disputes in 20th century philosophy of science, and describes the evidential conditions that authorize an argument ... More


Measured Realism

J. D. Trout

in Measuring the Intentional World: Realism, Naturalism, and Quantitative Methods in the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195107661
eISBN:
9780199786152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195107667.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends a relatively modest but distinctive version of scientific realism, measured realism, that steers a middle course between minimal and robust realism. Measured realism includes ... More


Proving the Unprovable: The Role of Law, Science, and Speculation in Adjudicating Culpability and Dangerousness

Christopher Slobogin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195189957
eISBN:
9780199893980
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189957.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Culpability and dangerousness are the two central issues raised by any sensible societal attempt to deal with antisocial behavior. For the past century, mental health professionals have been heavily ... More


Intentional Error

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on intentional error. Intentional error production on the part of the experimenter is probably as relatively rare an event in the psychological experiment as it is in the ... More


Visions of Compassion: Western Scientists and Tibetan Buddhists Examine Human Nature

Richard J. Davidson and Anne Harrington (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195130430
eISBN:
9780199847327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130430.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book examines how Western behavioral science — which has generally focused on negative aspects of human nature — holds up to cross-cultural scrutiny, in particular the Tibetan Buddhist ... More


Interpretation of Data

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Identical observations are often interpreted differently by different scientists, and that fact and its implications are the subject of this chapter. Interpretation effects are most simply defined as ... More


The Experimenter as Observer

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses some of the disciplines that have shown a self-conscious awareness of the problem of observer effects. These include the physical sciences, biological sciences, behavioral ... More


Models for Intensive Longitudinal Data

Theodore A. Walls and Joseph L. Schafer (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195173444
eISBN:
9780199847051
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173444.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

A new class of longitudinal data has emerged with the use of technological devices for scientific data collection. This class of data is called intensive longitudinal data (ILD). This book features ... More


Background and Historical Perspective

R. Michael Brown, Louis A. Penner, and Stephanie L. Brown

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides readers with background information for the volume, Moving Beyond Self-Interest (S. Brown, R. Brown, & Penner, 2011), which describes new developments in theory and research on ... More


Comparative Cognition: A Natural Science Approach to the Study of Animal Intelligence

Edward A. Wasserman and Thomas R. Zentall

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Natural science has succeeded in supplanting superstition and religion as explanations for countless worldly events—from eclipses and the tides to ... More


The Role of Play in Human Development

Anthony Pellegrini

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195367324
eISBN:
9780199894185
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367324.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

While the subject of play may seem trivial for behavioral science, E. O. Wilson noted that understanding the significance of play is an important challenge facing scholars in these fields. Play is ... More


The Croonian Lecture, 1990: The interdependence of the behavioural sciences

ROBERT A. HINDE

in Behavioural and Neural Aspects of Learning and Memory

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521983
eISBN:
9780191688492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521983.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The exponential growth of science, and its magnificent achievements, have been accompanied by its disintegration into a multiplicity of subsciences. It is no longer possible for an individual to be ... More


. The Science of Cognition

Chris Eliasmith

in How to Build a Brain: A Neural Architecture for Biological Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199794546
eISBN:
9780199345236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794546.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

Chapter 1 provides an overview of progress over the last 50 years in the behavioral sciences. It surveys the main paradigms of cognitive science, including connectionism, the symbolic approach, and ... More


The Religious Imagination and the Sense of God

JOHN BOWKER

in The Religious Imagination and the Sense of God

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266464
eISBN:
9780191683046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266464.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, World Religions

This book attempts to listen to the accounts being given in certain behavioural sciences and in certain theistic traditions of the ways in which a sense of God occurs in human consciousness. These ... More


Exceptional creativity and the psychological sciences

Andrew Steptoe

in Genius and the Mind: Studies of Creativity and Temperament

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523734
eISBN:
9780191688997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523734.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of how exceptional creativity and genius have a direct correlation to psychological sciences. During the first half of eighteenth century, genius and creativity were ... More


Social Work Research: History, Organizational Roles, and the Influence of the National Institutes of Health

Ruth G. McRoy, Jerry P. Flanzer, and Joan Levy Zlotnik

in Building Research Culture and Infrastructure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195399646
eISBN:
9780199932757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399646.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter Two provides an historical overview of national social work research capacity – building efforts, especially in the context of the roles of national social work organizations and the National ... More


The Science of Well-Being

Felicia A. Huppert, Nick Baylis, and Barry Keverne (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198567523
eISBN:
9780191693670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567523.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

How much do we know about what makes people thrive and societies flourish? While a vast body of research has been dedicated to understanding problems and disorders, we know remarkably little about ... More


Financial Advisory Services

Jeroen Nieboer, Paul Dolan, and Ivo Vlaev

in Financial Behavior: Players, Services, Products, and Markets

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190269999
eISBN:
9780190270025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269999.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Evidence from the behavioral sciences, notably economics and psychology, has profoundly changed the way policymakers and practitioners present expert advice to consumers. This chapter examines the ... More


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