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Seeking the Heart of Islam

Thomas F. Farr

in World of Faith and Freedom: Why International Religious Liberty Is Vital to American National Security

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179958
eISBN:
9780199869749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179958.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 8 is woven around the author's trip to Saudi Arabia six months prior to 9/11. There are two faces of Saudi Arabia: Mecca, the birthplace of Islam and the prophet Mohammed, and Riyadh in the ... More


The Redemption of Humanity: The Case of Ibn Taymiyya

Mohammad Hassan Khalil

in Islam and the Fate of Others: The Salvation Question

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199796663
eISBN:
9780199933082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796663.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Ibn Taymiyya is often hailed as a vanguard of Islamic traditionalism. He argues that anyone who receives the divine message and turns away from it will be held accountable on Judgment Day. ... More


Political and Religious Divisions after the Fall of Milošević

Kenneth Morrison and Elizabeth Roberts

in The Sandžak: A History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199330652
eISBN:
9780199388219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199330652.003.0017
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The final chapter focuses on the political and religious divisions that characterised the Sandžak in the wake of the fall of the regime of Slobodan Milošević in October 2000. Much of the chapter is ... More


Global Salafism: Islam's New Religious Movement

Roel Meijer (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199333431
eISBN:
9780190235680
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333431.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Salafism has attracted a lot of attention lately. This is because it appeals to Muslims who believe that through Salafism they gain direct access to the truth. In contrast to the Muslim Brotherhood, ... More


The Brezhnev Era and its Aftermath, 1965–1989

Eren Tasar

in Soviet and Muslim: The Institutionalization of Islam in Central Asia, 1943-1991

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190652104
eISBN:
9780190652135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652104.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

After Nikita Khrushchev’s ouster in 1964, Soviet officials dealing with religion assessed the moderate line toward religion that had dominated the 1940s and 1950s, as well as the hard line that had ... More


Honoring the Prophet, Performing American Islam: The Webb

Justine Howe

in Suburban Islam

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190258870
eISBN:
9780190258894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190258870.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter demonstrates the dynamic and improvisational character of ritual performance in third spaces, focusing on the performance of mawlids in the Webb community in 2011 and 2014. These rituals ... More


“Pure/True” Islam versus “Cultural” Islam

Muna Ali

in Young Muslim America: Faith, Community, and Belonging

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190664435
eISBN:
9780190664466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190664435.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the salient idea of a “pure/true” Islam as compared to a presumably “cultural” Islam. It argues that this narrative frame has multiple stories and meanings woven into it by ... More


Islamic Self-Determination and the International Legal System

Malik R. Dahlan

in The Hijaz: The First Islamic State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190909727
eISBN:
9780190943226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909727.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Chapter 5 expands on the notion of self-determination, beyond the traditional nation-state, into the Islamic context. This is done by explaining (i) the pan-Islamic rise in reaction to the new ... More


The Ideological Drivers of Submerged Statehood in the Afterlife of The Hijaz

Malik R. Dahlan

in The Hijaz: The First Islamic State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190909727
eISBN:
9780190943226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909727.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This Chapter focuses on the idea of positive vs. negative space in ideology and religion. It discusses Islamic revivalism and Wahhabism in detail in the context of statehood. discuss the fragility of ... More


The Development of Salafism in Britain

Anabel Inge

in The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman: Paths to Conversion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190611675
eISBN:
9780190611705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611675.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explains the historical origins of Salafism—covering the scholars Ibn Hanbal, Ibn Taymiyya, and Ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab—before examining how it spread to the United Kingdom through ... More


The Gulf–South Asia Religious Connections: Indo-Islamic Civilization vs. pan-Islamism?

Christophe Jaffrelot and Laurence Louër

in Pan-Islamic Connections: Transnational Networks Between South Asia and the Gulf

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190862985
eISBN:
9780190943080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190862985.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The pattern of Islamization of South Asia has resulted in the making of a specific civilization, characterized by a Sufi-based form of spirituality in conversation with Hindu mystics. It was long cut ... More


Forbidding Evil

Mustapha Sheikh

in Ottoman Puritanism and its Discontents: Ahmad al-Rumi al-Aqhisari and the Qadizadelis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198790761
eISBN:
9780191833250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790761.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter constitutes a survey of the activist strand within al-Āqḥiṣārī’s writing, particularly the demand he placed on the Muslim faithful to actively engage in enjoining good and forbidding ... More


The Sectarianism of the Islamic State: Ideological Roots and Political Context

Hassan Hassan

in Beyond Sunni and Shia: The Roots of Sectarianism in a Changing Middle East

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190876050
eISBN:
9780190942953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190876050.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

The Islamic State’s ideology is multifaceted and cannot be traced to one individual, movement, or period. The Islamic State presents itself as the representative of authentic Islam as practiced by ... More


The Kingdom and the Caliphate: Saudi Arabia and the Islamic State

Cole Bunzel

in Beyond Sunni and Shia: The Roots of Sectarianism in a Changing Middle East

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190876050
eISBN:
9780190942953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190876050.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Since late 2014 the Islamic State has declared war on Saudi Arabia and launched a series of terrorist attacks on Saudi soil intended to start an uprising. In a further attack on the Saudi kingdom, ... More


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