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Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

John McWhorter

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Foreigners often say that the English language is “easy”. A language like Spanish is challenging in its variety of verb endings and gender for nouns, whereas English is more straightforward. But ... More


 Reflections on the Musical Diversity of Chinese Churches in the United States

Maria M. Chow

in Music in American Religious Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195173048
eISBN:
9780199872091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173048.003.0018
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Based on a fifteen-month survey of different Chinese American churches and hymnals, this chapter examines the choices made by immigrants from different parts and different linguistic traditions in ... More


A New Typology of Language Contact

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter reiterates the qualitative differences in overall structural complexity between the five languages considered in the book and their sister languages, and states that these differences ... More


Mandarin Chinese: “Altaicization” or Simplification?

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter shows that while Altaic languages had a decisive effect upon Mandarin, transfer was a relatively minor factor, while reduction due to non-native competence was comprehensively ... More


The Multilingual and Multiorthographic Taiwan-Based Internet: Creative Uses of Writing Systems on College-Affilated BBSs

Hsi-Yao Su

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter investigates creative uses of writing systems on the electronic bulletin boards (BBSs) of two college student organizations in Taipei, Taiwan. Data were collected from postings on ... More


Count and Mass Across Languages

Diane Massam (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654277
eISBN:
9780191746048
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654277.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This volume explores the expression of the concepts count and mass in human language and probes the complex relation between seemingly incontrovertible aspects of meaning and their varied grammatical ... More


On Boundary Marking

Lionel Wee

in Language without Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199737437
eISBN:
9780199827107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737437.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines the extent to which the idea of a right is dependent on the notion of a boundary. For the concept of a right to be coherent, clear boundaries have to be drawn between different ... More


Acquisition of plurality in a language without plurality *

Alan Munn, Xiaofei Zhang, and Cristina Schmitt

in Merging Features: Computation, Interpretation, and Acquisition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199553266
eISBN:
9780191720833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553266.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

Mandarin Chinese has no marking for either plurality or definiteness on bare nominals, but has a portmanteau morpheme -men which encodes both plurality and definiteness. This chapter shows that the ... More


Verb‐to‐preposition reanalysis in Chinese *

Redouane Djamouri and Waltraud Paul

in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter argues that in all periods of Chinese, prepositions are distinct from verbs. In contrast to Roberts and Roussou's (2003: 128‐9) claim, prepositions resulting from V‐to‐P reanalysis do ... More


Towards a Pan-Mandarin System for Prosodic Transcription

Shu-hui Peng, Marjorie K. M Chan, Chiu-yu Tseng, Tsan Huang, Ok Joo Lee, and Mary E. Beckman

in Prosodic Typology: The Phonology of Intonation and Phrasing

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199249633
eISBN:
9780191719349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249633.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter describes the initial stages of development of a Pan-Mandarin ToBI system. It reviews the salient prosodic characteristics of Mandarin, such as lexical tones, tone sandhi, tonal ... More


Semantic triggers, linguistic variation and the mass‐count distinction ⋆

Alan C. Bale and David Barner

in Count and Mass Across Languages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654277
eISBN:
9780191746048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654277.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Although most languages allow nouns to be used with numerals to express cardinality, they differ significantly in how they grammatically encode such expressions. Some languages, like English, require ... More


On the Syntax of Topic and Focus in Chinese

Linda Badan and Francesca Del Gobbo

in Mapping the Left Periphery: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 5

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740376
eISBN:
9780199895304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740376.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This study is dedicated to an analysis of the left periphery of Mandarin Chinese, within the Cartographic Project. It is shown that in Mandarin Chinese there are three different types of Topics: ... More


Conclusion

Thomas Grano

in Control and Restructuring

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198703921
eISBN:
9780191773082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703921.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

The concluding chapter distills the book’s content into five central themes. The first is empirical: complement control splits into two classes, as evidenced by how a number of properties cluster. ... More


Counting and classifiers ⋆

Lisa Lai‐Shen Cheng

in Count and Mass Across Languages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654277
eISBN:
9780191746048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654277.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter re-examines the interpretation of bare nouns in Chinese, and the distinction between count-classifiers and massifiers. Using three different puzzles, it is shown that (a) bare nouns in ... More


Possessive constructions in Mandarin Chinese

Yongxian Luo

in Possession and Ownership

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199660223
eISBN:
9780191745096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660223.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Possessive constructions in Mandarin Chinese exhibit a rich array of correlations between the possessor and possesee in the noun phrase, as well as in the verb phrase and the lexicon. They are ... More


The Non‐uniformity of Wh‐indeterminates with Polarity and Free Choice in Chinese

Lisa Lai‐Shen Cheng and Anastasia Giannakidou

in Strategies of Quantification

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199692439
eISBN:
9780191744891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692439.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Wh‐elements in Chinese (as in Japanese and Korean) can have non‐interrogative interpretations, i.e. they are the so‐called ‘wh‐indeterminates’ la Kuroda 1965. While the existential ... More


Control and Restructuring

Thomas Grano

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198703921
eISBN:
9780191773082
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703921.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

Relying primarily on data from English, Mandarin Chinese, and modern Greek, this book investigates the intimate relationship that control bears to restructuring and to the meanings of the embedding ... More


The Fine Structure of Spatial PPs in Mandarin Chinese

Hsiao-Hung Iris Wu

in The Cartography of Chinese Syntax: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 11

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190210687
eISBN:
9780190210717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210687.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Spatial Preposition Phrases (PPs) have long posed problems for a uniform analysis of the category P. Following the general cartographic project of mapping distinct functional projections associated ... More


Control and restructuring in Mandarin Chinese

Thomas Grano

in Control and Restructuring

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198703921
eISBN:
9780191773082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703921.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

The functional restructuring approach to exhaustive control is extended in this chapter to Mandarin Chinese. The chapter argues that in Mandarin, exhaustive control predicates instantiate monoclausal ... More


A Parametric Analysis of Nominal Arguments in Classifier Languages

L. Julie Jiang

in Chinese Syntax in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199945658
eISBN:
9780190201104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945658.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses three universal properties and two variable properties of nominal arguments in classifier languages, languages with a typically extensive inventory of ‘measure words’ that must ... More


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