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‘Neither Defeat nor Surrender’: Italy’s Change of Alliances in 1943

John Gooch

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In 1943, with the war demonstrably turning against Italy, her political and military leaders faced three unpalatable alternatives: a bloody and destructive military defeat, the spectre of bolshevism, ... More


The Scene is Set

Jill Edwards

in Anglo-American Relations and the Franco Question, 1945–1955

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228714
eISBN:
9780191678813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228714.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

On February 15, 1954 the US Northwestern Victory sailed into the ancient Spanish port of Cartegena. It carried the first consignment of United States aid to the Spain of General Francisco Franco, a ... More


Introduction

John Kent

in The Internationalization of Colonialism: Britain, France, and Black Africa 1939-1956

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203025
eISBN:
9780191675669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203025.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

It is important to understand the reasons for the Colonial Development and Welfare Act of 1940’s new approach by colonial policy-makers, the imperial crisis, the Depression, and the rise of the Axis ... More


The End of the War

Jill Edwards

in Anglo-American Relations and the Franco Question, 1945–1955

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228714
eISBN:
9780191678813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228714.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Winston Churchill's references to Spain in May 1944 intensified fears in the Soviet Union of the formation of a Western bloc, a long held axiom of Russian foreign policy. So far as the United States ... More


Pius XII: War and Fascist Genocides

John Pollard

in The Papacy in the Age of Totalitarianism, 1914-1958

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199208562
eISBN:
9780191785580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208562.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Church History

This chapter traces the Vatican’s response to the spread of the Second World War to the USSR, the Atlantic, Africa, and Asia after the launching of Operation Barbarossa in June 1941. After examining ... More


India and World War II: War, Armed Forces, and Society, 1939–45

Kaushik Roy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199463534
eISBN:
9780199087181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463534.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

The Second World War was a defining ‘event’ in modern world history. India’s manpower and financial resources enabled the British Empire in particular and the Allies in general to win against the ... More


‘A New International Morality’: European Dictatorships and the Reordering of Nationalities

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter looks at how the concept of population transfer was imported into central Europe by the Axis powers in the late 1930s. While the focus here is principally on negotiations between Italy ... More


Second World War

Harold James, Peter Borscheid, David Gugerli, and Tobias Straumann

in The Value of Risk: Swiss Re and the History of Reinsurance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199689804
eISBN:
9780191769450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689804.003.0019
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Innovation

During the Second World War Swiss Re took precautionary measures to relocate business to several locations in the west of Switzerland in case the Nazis should invade. The UK and US subsidiaries were ... More


The Inequality of Harm: Unpunished Allied Atrocities, the Nuremberg Fallacy, and Why Global Criminal Justice Remains a Mirage

Steven W. Becker

in THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND JURISPRUDENCE: Global Trends: Law, Policy & Justice Essays in Honour of Professor Giuliana Ziccardi Capaldo

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199332304
eISBN:
9780190259815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199332304.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter is devoted to Allied hypocrisy and the devastating consequences that flow from the attempt to conceal Allied wartime atrocities. It provides a summary of some of the principal Allied ... More


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