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Tartan Gangs and Paramilitaries: The Loyalist Backlash

Gareth Mulvenna

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781781383261
eISBN:
9781786944061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781383261.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Tartan Gangs and Paramilitaries is a new oral history of the loyalist backlash of the early 1970s in Northern Ireland. In the violent maelstrom of Belfast in 1971 and 1972 many young members of ... More


Defying the IRA?

Brian Hughes

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781781382974
eISBN:
9781786944016
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382974.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book examines the grass-roots relationship between the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the civilian population during the Irish Revolution. It is primarily concerned with the attempts of the ... More


Conclusion

Nick Mansfield

in Soldiers as Workers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781781382783
eISBN:
9781781383964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382783.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This short chapter summarises the arguments made in the book revisiting the discussion about nuances in working lives, structures and attitudes to conclude that class is the key tool for an analysis ... More


Introduction

Gareth Mulvenna

in Tartan Gangs and Paramilitaries: The Loyalist Backlash

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781781383261
eISBN:
9781786944061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781383261.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The introduction outlines the core themes and structure of the book as well as the theories which underpin the oral history contained therein.


Protestants at War? (1971–72)

Gareth Mulvenna

in Tartan Gangs and Paramilitaries: The Loyalist Backlash

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781781383261
eISBN:
9781786944061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781383261.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Chapter Four continues from the second half of 1971, highlighting the increasing fear among journalists and politicians that the Tartan gangs were more than mere hooligans. As violence increased, the ... More


Convergence (1972)

Gareth Mulvenna

in Tartan Gangs and Paramilitaries: The Loyalist Backlash

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781781383261
eISBN:
9781786944061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781383261.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the convergence between the nascent loyalist paramilitaries, most notably the Red Hand Commando and Young Citizen Volunteers, with the Tartan gangs which had been so prominent ... More


Conclusion

Gareth Mulvenna

in Tartan Gangs and Paramilitaries: The Loyalist Backlash

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781781383261
eISBN:
9781786944061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781383261.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter brings together the main arguments in the book and highlights that the work provides a fresh and dynamic interpretation of the emergence of loyalist paramilitaries in the early 1970s. It ... More


Civilians and Communities I: Non-cooperation and Defiance

Brian Hughes

in Defying the IRA?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781781382974
eISBN:
9781786944016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382974.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on civilians who refused to cooperate with the Irish Republican Army (IRA). It begins by exploring two illustrative examples of Dáil Éireann edits enforced by local IRA units: ... More


Civilians and Communities II: Coercion and Punishment

Brian Hughes

in Defying the IRA?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781781382974
eISBN:
9781786944016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382974.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Having examined the often incomplete cooperation offered to the Irish Republican Army (IRA) by local civilian populations in the previous chapter, this chapter deals with the ways in which the IRA ... More


Three Forms of Camp

in Identity Parades: Northern Irish Culture and Dissident Subjects

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236269
eISBN:
9781846313318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853236269.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter covers the manifestations of identitarian camp. There are three predominant forms of Northern Irish camp, the first two of which can be determined as varieties of camp consciousness ... More


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