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The Party System: Structure, Policy, and Europeanization

Oskar Niedermayer

in Germany, Europe, and the Politics of Constraint

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262955
eISBN:
9780191734465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262955.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The German party system has changed since the 1980s. The relatively stable ‘two-and-a-half party’ system of the 1960s and 1970s has become a fluid five-party system. This development can generally be ... More


The party system

Derek S. Hutcheson

in Parliamentary Elections in Russia: A Quarter-Century of Multiparty Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780197266281
eISBN:
9780191869211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266281.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

It is contended in this chapter that Russia’s post-Soviet party system has gone through three phases – fragmentation (1993–c.2002), consolidation (2002–2009) and cartelisation (c.2009 onwards). The ... More


Conclusions

Derek S. Hutcheson

in Parliamentary Elections in Russia: A Quarter-Century of Multiparty Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780197266281
eISBN:
9780191869211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266281.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

This is the concluding chapter of Parliamentary Elections in Russia. It draws together the themes of the previous eight chapters, examining the evolution of the Russian political system, the ... More


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