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Accuracy and the Laws of Credence

Accuracy and the Laws of Credence

Richard Pettigrew

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198732716
eISBN:
9780191797019
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732716.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book explores a particular way of justifying the rational principles that govern credences (or degrees of belief). The main principles that the book justifies are the central tenets of Bayesian ... More

The Ant TrapRebuilding the Foundations of the Social Sciences

The Ant Trap: Rebuilding the Foundations of the Social Sciences

Brian Epstein

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199381104
eISBN:
9780199381128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381104.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

We live in a world of crowds and corporations, legislatures and languages, money and markets. These are all social objects—they are made, at least in part, by people and communities. But what exactly ... More

Best ExplanationsNew Essays on Inference to the Best Explanation

Best Explanations: New Essays on Inference to the Best Explanation

Kevin McCain and Ted Poston (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198746904
eISBN:
9780191809125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746904.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Explanatory reasoning is quite common. Not only are rigorous inferences to the best explanation used pervasively in the sciences, explanatory reasoning is virtually ubiquitous in everyday life. ... More

Between Probability and CertaintyWhat Justifies Belief

Between Probability and Certainty: What Justifies Belief

Martin Smith

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198755333
eISBN:
9780191816635
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755333.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

According to a widespread view, whether one has justification for believing a proposition is determined by how probable that proposition is, given one’s evidence. In the present book this view is ... More

A Brief History of the Philosophy of Time

A Brief History of the Philosophy of Time

Adrian Bardon

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199976454
eISBN:
9780199346165
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199976454.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

A Brief History of the Philosophy of Time is a concise introduction to the the history, philosophy, and science of the study of time, from the pre-Socratic philosophers through Einstein ... More

Brute Facts

Brute Facts

Elly Vintiadis and Constantinos Mekios (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198758600
eISBN:
9780191818523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758600.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This is a book about facts that don’t have explanations, or what philosophers call brute facts. Such facts appear in our explanations, they inform many people’s views about the structure of the ... More

Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Walter Ott

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Some philosophers think physical explanations stand on their own: what happens, happens because things have the properties they do. Others think that any such explanation is incomplete: what happens ... More

Chance and Temporal Asymmetry

Chance and Temporal Asymmetry

Alastair Wilson (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199673421
eISBN:
9780191782534
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673421.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This volume is a collection of cutting-edge research papers in scientifically informed metaphysics, tackling a range of philosophical puzzles which have emerged from recent work on chance and ... More

Chance in the WorldA Humean Guide to Objective Chance

Chance in the World: A Humean Guide to Objective Chance

Carl Hoefer

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190907419
eISBN:
9780190907440
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907419.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book argues that objective chance, or probability, should not be understood as a metaphysical primitive, nor as a dispositional property of certain systems (“propensity”). Given that traditional ... More

Dispositional Pluralism

Dispositional Pluralism

Jennifer McKitrick

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198717805
eISBN:
9780191787317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717805.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Dispositional Pluralism is the view that dispositional properties are abundant and diverse. When something has a disposition, it is such that, if it were in a certain kind of circumstance, a certain ... More

Dispositions

Dispositions

Stephen Mumford

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book puts forward a new theory of dispositions, showing how central their role in metaphysics and philosophy of science is. Much of our understanding of the physical and psychological world is ... More

The Emergent MultiverseQuantum Theory according to the Everett Interpretation

The Emergent Multiverse: Quantum Theory according to the Everett Interpretation

David Wallace

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199546961
eISBN:
9780191741418
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546961.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book defends the view that the Everett interpretation of quantum theory, often called the ‘many worlds theory’, is not some new physical theory or some metaphysical addition to quantum theory, ... More

An Essay on Belief and Acceptance

An Essay on Belief and Acceptance

L. Jonathan Cohen

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236047
eISBN:
9780191679179
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236047.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This study examines the tension between voluntariness and involuntariness in human cognition. The book seeks to counter the widespread tendency for analytic epistemology to be dominated by the ... More

Every Thing Must GoMetaphysics Naturalized

Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

James Ladyman, Don Ross, and and David Spurrett with John Collier

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book argues that the only kind of metaphysics that can contribute to objective knowledge is one based specifically on contemporary science as it really is, and not on philosophers' a priori ... More

Everything FlowsTowards a Processual Philosophy of Biology

Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology

Daniel J. Nicholson and John Dupré (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198779636
eISBN:
9780191824685
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779636.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This collection of essays explores the metaphysical thesis that the living world is not ontologically made up of substantial particles or things, as has often been assumed, but is rather constituted ... More

Explanation Beyond CausationPhilosophical Perspectives on Non-Causal Explanations

Explanation Beyond Causation: Philosophical Perspectives on Non-Causal Explanations

Alexander Reutlinger and Juha Saatsi (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198777946
eISBN:
9780191823404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777946.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Explanations are very important to us in many contexts: in science, mathematics, philosophy, and also in everyday and juridical contexts. But what is an explanation? In the philosophical study of ... More

From Zeno to ArbitrageEssays on Quantity, Coherence, and Induction

From Zeno to Arbitrage: Essays on Quantity, Coherence, and Induction

Brian Skyrms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652808
eISBN:
9780191745829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652808.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The essays in the book center on the concept of probability. What is the framework within which probability comfortably lives? What are the coherence principles that must be satisfied for degrees of ... More

Geometric Possibility

Geometric Possibility

Gordon Belot

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199595327
eISBN:
9780191729157
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595327.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Relationalism about space is a venerable doctrine that is enjoying renewed attention among philosophers and physicists. Relationalists deny that space is ontologically prior to matter and seek to ... More

Getting Causes from Powers

Getting Causes from Powers

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695614
eISBN:
9780191731952
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695614.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book develops the theory of causal dispositionalism. Others have already suggested that a theory of causation would follow from an ontology of real dispositions or powers. This book attempts to ... More

How Physics Makes Us Free

How Physics Makes Us Free

J. T. Ismael

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190269449
eISBN:
9780190269470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269449.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The overarching theme of this book is that physics does not tell us that we are not free. Most philosophical books on free will start by saying “physics tells us that all of our actions are ... More

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