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Writing disenchantmentBritish First World War prose, 1914-30$
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Andrew Frayn

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780719089220

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719089220.001.0001

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date: 12 December 2018

Patriotism, propaganda and pacifism, 1914–1918

Patriotism, propaganda and pacifism, 1914–1918

(p.40) 1 Patriotism, propaganda and pacifism, 1914–1918
Writing disenchantment

Andrew Frayn

Manchester University Press

Chapter 1 examines wartime dissent from patriotic ideals, and the wars in which that disenchantment was officially and tacitly circumscribed. Propaganda posters and treatises are analysed alongside patriotic militarist fiction to illustrate official discourse. Literary texts are then addressed in two sections. Firstly, popular novels by H. G. Wells and Rebecca West show the rumblings of discontent as the war endured but conclude that fighting must continue until Britain is victorious. Tougher questions are asked by Rose Macaulay in Non-Combatants and Others, whose heroine embraces pacifism but maintains a Christian worldview. The chapter concludes with an analysis of Despised and Rejected by A. T. Fitzroy (Rose Laure Allatini), which was prosecuted for prejudicing recruitment. Her treatment of conscientious objection and homosexuality was beyond the pale in late 1918, and the novel was banned barely a month before the Armistice.

Keywords:   Propaganda, Pacifism, Conscientious Objection, Rose Macaulay, Ford Madox Ford, Rebecca West, A. T. Fitzroy / Rose Laure Allatini, H. G. Wells

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